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guarding them while they were attending to the enemy's wounded, with the understanding that it was to be continued by the War Department after leaving here, and that they were to be permitted to return to their homes when their services would no longer be required, on the ground that they were non-combatants, and might have got off if they had imitated their fellow-officers. G. T. Beauregard, General-Commanding. The Eighth regiment N. Y. S M. report of the surgeons. New York, August 16, 1861. Colonel George Lyons, Commanding 8th Regiment, N. Y. S. M.:-- sir: I beg leave to submit the following report. When our forces retreated, after the action of the 21st July, several surgeons, myself among the number, deemed it our duty to remain with the wounded, of whom there were about 300 in and about Sudley Church, the place assigned us for a hospital. About half an hour after our forces moved off the field, the church was surrounded by a troop of cavalry from Colonel Stuart's
Doc. 188.-the attack on the Resolute. Official reports. United States steamer Yankee, off Aquia Creek, August 16, 1861. sir: This morning, at about eleven o'clock, I despatched the steamers Resolute and Reliance to make a reconnoissance off Matthias Point. At about three P. M., the Resolute, Acting-Master Budd, returned to this anchorage and made this report, which is herewith enclosed. I have ordered Mr. Budd to proceed with his dead and wounded to the Navy Yard. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, Thomas S. Craven, Commander, Commanding the Potomac Flotilla. Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy, Washington. United States steamer Resolute, August 16, 1861. sir: In obedience to your orders I proceeded down the river to make an examination of Matthias Point and the intermediate vicinity. Nothing indicating a hostile movement could be discovered at or about the Point. Hearing that a schooner was ashore at Lower Cedar Point I thought it advisable to go
eir utmost limit, but there is, nevertheless, a limit. If a person in a fortress or an army were to preach to the soldiers submission to the enemy, he would be treated as an offender. Would he be more culpable than the citizen who, in the midst of the most formidable conspiracy and rebellion, tells the conspirators and rebels that they are right, encourages them to persevere in resistance, and condemns the effort of loyal citizens to overcome and punish them as an unholy war ? If the utterance of such language in the streets or through the press is not a crime, then there is a great defect in our laws, or they were not made for such an emergency. The conduct of these disloyal presses is, of course, condemned and abhorred by all loyal men; but the Grand Jury will be glad to learn from the Court that it is also subject to indictment and condign punishment. All which is respectfully presented. New York, August 16, 1861. Charles Gould, Foreman. (Signed by all the Grand Jurors.)
Our Zouaves at Bull Run. [Extract from a private letter from a Fire Zouave, now a prisoner of war.] Richmond, Va., Aug. 16, 1861. dear brother: Your welcome letter of the 3d came to hand on the 13th, by way of Louisville and Nashville. As I had written before, I have waited a few days, and have nothing new to write about. Please send a copy of that portion of my last letter relating to my capture to the colonel of my regiment, and state also that Capt. Downey, and forty-three non-commissioned officers and privates, are prisoners with me. I was very glad to know that you learned of my situation as soon as you did. It had worried me considerably, as I know it did you all until you heard from me. We hear all kinds of rumors here; some of them very extravagant: among others, that our regiment is disbanded, and that in the battle they broke, and ran at the first fire. To my own certain knowledge, they were broken and formed again three separate times, and held the hill and t
3. half-mast: in memory of Gen. Nathaniel Lyon, killed at the battle of Wilson's Creek, August 16, 1861. by F. G. C. Unfurl our flag half-mast to-day, In sorrow, 'mid the clang of war; Each crimson stripe is turned to gray, To black each azure star. The drooping breeze scarce stirs a fold; The birds complain with fettered breath; The clouds hang sullenly and cold, For lo! a hero's death. From far Missouri's prairie plain The echo of his battle-cry Sounds and recedes, and sounds again, His life-earned victory. Oh, Lyon! on thy martial bier The tears of grateful millions flow, And Treason well may shrink, and fear Its fated overthrow. For wheresoe'er thy comrades stand To face the traitors, as of yore, Thy prescient spirit shall command And lead the charge once more. Then fling our flag mast-high to-day, Triumphant 'mid the clang of war; And death to him who shall betray One single stripe or star!
Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler, Chapter 13: occupations in 1863; exchange of prisoners. (search)
f my days quietly with you. McClellan's letter, Aug. 9, 1861. His story, page 85. General Scott is the most dangerous antagonist I have. Our ideas are so widely different that it is impossible for us to work together much longer--tant pour cela. McClellan's letter, Aug. 15, 1861. His story, page 87. I am weary of all this. I have no ambition in the present affairs; I only wish to save my country, and find the incapables around me will not permit it. McClellan's letter, Aug. 16, 1861. His story, page 87. McClellan had then been only twenty days in Washington. His opinion of himself seems to have risen very rapidly, although in all things else he was constitutionally tardy in all his movements. Was there ever such dog-day madness? As he [Scott] threw down the glove and I took it up, I presume war is declared. Be it so. I have one strong point, that I do not care one iota for my present position. McClellan's letter, Sept. 27, 1861. His story, page 91.
Doc. 155.-internal and Coastwise intercourse. President Lincoln's proclamation: by the President of the United States of America. A proclamation. whereas, in pursuance of the act of Congress, approved July thirteenth, 1861, I did, by proclation, dated August sixteenth, 1861, declare that the inhabitants of the States of Georgia, South-Carolina, Virginia, North-Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, Mississippi and Florida (except the inhabitants of that part of Virginia lying west of the Alleghany Mountains, and of such other parts of that State, and the other States hereinbefore named, as might maintain a loyal adhesion to the Union and the Constitution, or might be from time to time occupied and controlled by forces of the United States engaged in the dispersion of said insurgents) were in a state of insurrection against the United States, and that all commercial intercourse between the same and the inhabitants thereof, with the exceptions aforesaid
I was able to return their colors to this regiment as a reward for good conduct in camp and in several skirmishes. The regiment afterwards accompanied Sherman's expedition to Carolina and did good service. I think the trouble arose rather from poor officers than from the men. As an additional means of preserving discipline, and to guard the camps from the presence of spies, the following order was issued: General order no. 4. headquarters division of the Potomac, Washington, Aug. 16, 1861. All passes, safe-conducts, and permits heretofore given to enter or go beyond the lines of the United States army on the Virginia side of the Potomac are to be deemed revoked, and all such passes will emanate only from the War Department, the headquarters of the United States army or of this division, or from the provost-marshal at Washington. Similar passes will be required to cross the river by bridge or boat into Virginia. A strict military surveillance will be exercised within
ens, as they are written in the Constitution, which every judge is sworn to support. Upon the whole the Court is of opinion that the regulations in question are illegal and void, and that the seizure of the goods of Carpenter, because he refused to comply with them, can not be sustained. The judgment of the District Court must, therefore, be reversed, and the goods delivered to the claimant, his agent, or proctor. The proclamation of the President required by the act was issued on August 16, 1861, declaring certain states and parts of states to be in insurrection, etc. Under it some licenses were issued to places in Kentucky and Missouri where the United States forces were located, without any fruitful results. Some strong military and naval expeditions were fitted out to invade us and occupy the ports where cotton and other valuable products were usually shipped. An advance was made up the Cumberland and Tennessee rivers and down the Mississippi, as has been stated elsewhere.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
ct confiscating the property, including slaves, of enemies of the United States......Aug. 6, 1861 Gen. U. S. Grant assumes command of the District of Ironton, Mo......Aug. 8, 1861 Battle of Springfield, or Wilson's Creek, Mo., and death of General Lyon......Aug. 10, 1861 Kentucky and Tennessee constituted the Department of the Cumberland, under command of Gen. Robert Anderson......Aug. 15, 1861 President by proclamation forbids commercial intercourse with seceding States......Aug. 16, 1861 General Butler captures Forts Hatteras and Clark, at the entrance of Hatteras Inlet, with 715 prisoners, and twenty-five guns......Aug. 29, 1861 General Fremont proclaims martial law in Missouri, with freedom to the slaves of active rebels......Aug. 31, 1861 [This act was disapproved by the President.] General Grant assumes command of southeastern Missouri......Sept. 1, 1861 Advance of the Confederates into Kentucky, and capture of Columbus......Sept. 3-12, 1861 Paducah
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