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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 4: military operations in Western Virginia, and on the sea-coast (search)
pon Fort McRee; and at noon the artillery of the former and of Battery Scott, and also of the two vessels, were playing upon the devoted fortress and the surrounding batteries. The guns of McRee were all speedily silenced but one. Those of Barrancas were soon reduced to feeble efforts; and from those at the Navy Yard, and one or two other batteries, there was no response for some time before the close of the day. The bombardment from Fort Pickens was resumed early the next morning, Nov. 23, 1861. but, owing to the shallowness of the water, the vessels could not get within range of Fort McRee. The fire of Pickens was less rapid, but more effective than the day before. McRee made no response, and the other forts and the batteries answered feebly. At three o'clock in the afternoon, a dense smoke arose from the village of Warrington, on the west of the Navy Yard, and at about the same time buildings in Wolcott, at the north of the yard, were in flames. These villages were fired
ynchburg Republican (Va.) had, so early as April, chronicled the volunteered enrollment of 70 of the free negroes of that place, to fight in defense of their State; closing with-- Three cheers for the patriotic free negroes of Lynchburg! The next recorded organization of negroes, especially as Rebel soldiers, was at Mobile, toward Autumn ; and, two or three months later, the following telegram was flashed over the length and breadth of the rejoicing Confederacy: New Orleans. Nov. 23, 1861. Over 28,000 troops were reviewed today by Gov. Moore, Maj. Gen. Lovell, and Brig.-Gen. Ruggles. The line was over seven miles long. One regiment comprised 1,400 free colored men. The (Rebel) Legislature of Virginia was engaged, so early as Feb. 4, 1862, on a bill to enroll all the free negroes in the State, for service in the Rebel forces; which was favored by all who discussed it; when it passed to its engrossment, and probably became a law. All these, and many kindred move
pt up by wagon trains. The Colorado and Niagara are still thundering away at the Barrancas and Fort McRae. five O'clock.--Another gentleman from just below says that it was reported among the outer camps that the wife of a sergeant-major had been killed in the yard. A despatch says our guns and batteries have suffered no injury. The firing is still heavy on both sides. The frigates have changed their position, and are not discernible from the city. Pensacola, Saturday noon, Nov. 23, 1861. The bombardment commenced again this morning from the enemy's side at eleven o'clock. Our batteries instantly replied, and ever since there has been incessant firing, but with what effect we are unable to ascertain, as there has been no reliable messenger from the yard. Of course there are rumors, and absurd ones at that, flying in every direction. Our loss up to the present time is only five killed and twelve wounded. The loss has been generally at Fort McRae. Col. Villipigue, o
ng to the Government of the Union, which you have the honor to command. There exist, besides, international laws, that every civilized nation scrupulously observes, and which I need scarcely recall to you, Mons. le Commandant, nor to the Commandant of the Sumter. Accept, Mons. le Commandant, the assurance of my most distinguished consideration. Le Admiral, Gouverneur de la Martinique, etc. Monsieur le Commandant de la Iroquois. U. S. S. Iroquois, off St. Pierre, Martinique, November 23, 1861. sir: I think it is well in my present provoking and anxious position to keep the Government informed by whatever opportunity may offer. It is now the ninth day that I have been blockading the Sumter. She lies still at the wharf, surrounded by more or less of a crowd day and night, all anxious for her escape, sympathizing with their fellow Frenchmen of the State of Louisiana, to which State they believe the Sumter to belong. The authorities, from the Governor down, I believe to
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 1: The Opening Battles. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), Engagements of the Civil War with losses on both sides December, 1860-August, 1862 (search)
. Confed. 18 killed, 45 wounded, 200 captured. November 10, 1861: Guyandotte, W. Va. Union, 9th Va. Vols. Confed., Jenkins' Cav. Losses: Union 7 killed, 20 wounded. Confed. 3 killed, 10 wounded. November 12, 1861: Occoquan River and Pohick Church, Va. Union, 2d, 3d, 5th Mich., 37th N. Y., 4th Me., 2 cos. 1st N. Y. Cav., Randolph's and Thompson's Batteries U. S. Art. Confed., outposts of Gen. Beauregard's command. Losses: Union 3 killed, 1 wounded. November 23, 1861: Ft. Pickens, Pensacola, Fla. Union, Cos. C and E 3d U. S. Inft., Cos. G and 16th N. Y., Batteries A, F, and L 1st U. S. Artil., and C, H, and K 2d U. S. Artil. Confed., Gen. Braxton Bragg's command in Fort McRee and numerous shore batteries. Losses: Union 5 killed, 7 wounded. Confed. 5 killed, 93 wounded. November 26, 1861: Drainesville, Va. Union, 1st Pa. Cav. Confed., Stuart's Va. Cav. Losses: Union 1 wounded. Confed. 2 killed, 4 captured. Decembe
great war. The organization of this three months regiment was reluctantly authorized by the War Department in Washington. These are the Seventh New York Cavalry, the Black horse, organized at Troy, mustered in November 6, 1861, and mustered out March 31, 1862. They were designated by the State authorities Second Regiment Cavalry on November 18, 1861, but the designation was changed by the War Department to the Seventh New York Cavalry. The seven companies left for Washington, D. C., November 23, 1861, and remained on duty there till the following March. The regiment was honorably discharged, and many of its members saw real service later. General I. N. Palmer, appears in the foreground with his staff, third from the left. Cavalry of the Civil War its evolution and influence Theo. F. Rodenbough, Brigadier-General, United States Army (Retired) It may surprise non-military readers to learn that the United States, unprepared as it is for war, and unmilitary as are its peop
wounds received in the battle of Gettysburg), Lieutenant William H. Johnson (wounded at Gettysburg and mortally wounded at Winchester), and Lieutenant Theodore Atkins, sunstruck during the fierce cannonade at Gettysburg, July 3, 1863, and incapacitated for further service in the army. Private Henry Hiser, in charge of the officers' mess at the time, is leaning against the tent-pole. The first Independent Battery of Light Artillery from New York was organized at Auburn and mustered in November 23, 1861. It was on duty in the defenses of Washington until March, 1862, when it moved to the Peninsula by way of Fortress Monroe. Its first action was at Lee's Mills, April 5, 1861; it took part in the siege of Yorktown, and fought at Lee's Mills again on April 16th. It served throughout the Peninsula campaign, and in all the big battles of the Army of the Potomac throughout the war. It helped to repulse Early's attack on Washington, and fought with Sheridan in the Shenandoah. The battery
e a Confederate water battery, Pensacola harbor, in 1861: this and the following three photographs were taken within the Confederate lines in 1861 This vivid view of great events in the making reveals the green Confederate volunteers without uniforms and still inexperienced. They show more enthusiasm than efficiency as they awkwardly handle the guns. It was not long before these quickly recruited gunners had become expert enough to give a good account of themselves. On November 22 and 23, 1861, they sustained and replied to a bombardment by the United States vessels Niagara and Richmond and by Fort Pickens and the neighboring Union batteries. Although Fort McRee was so badly injured that General Bragg entertained the idea of abandoning it, the plan of the Union commanders to take and destroy it was not executed. Time and again when the Federal blockading fleet threatened various points along the Confederate coast, requisitions were sent for these guns, but they were always need
ssas, and Chantilly and was placed in command of the Ninth Corps, September 3, 1862. He was killed at South Mountain on the 14th. His commission of major-general of volunteers was dated July 18, 1862. Major-General John Grubb Parke (U. S. M. A. 1849) was born in Chester County, Pennsylvania, September 22, 1827, and entered the Corps of Topographical Engineers. He was first lieutenant when the Civil War broke out, and his commission of brigadier-general of volunteers was dated November 23, 1861. He commanded a brigade in Burnside's expedition to North Carolina, and later had a division in the Ninth Corps. As major-general of volunteers he was Burnside's chief-of-staff at Antietam and Fredericksburg. He went with the corps to the West as its commander, fought through the Vicksburg campaign, and was at the siege of Knoxville. He also commanded the corps after August, 1864, in the operations around Petersburg. He was in command of the Twenty-second Army Corps and at Alexand
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Parke, John Grubb 1827- (search)
Parke, John Grubb 1827- Military officer; born in Chester county, Pa., Sept. 22, 1827; graduated at West Point in 1849. Entering the engineer corps, he became brigadiergeneral of volunteers Nov. 23, 1861. He commanded a brigade under Burnside in his operations on the North Carolina coast early in 1862, and with him joined the Army of the Potomac. He served in McClellan's campaigns, and when Burnside became its commander he was that general's chief of staff. In the campaign against Vicksburg he was a conspicuous actor. He was with Sherman, commanding the left wing of his army after the fall of Vicksburg. He was also engaged in the defence of Knoxville; and in the Richmond campaign, in 1864, he commanded the 9th Corps, and continued to do so until the surrender of Lee, in April, 1865. In 1865 he was brevetted major-general U. S. A., and in 1889 was retired.
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