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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1. 2 2 Browse Search
John G. Nicolay, A Short Life of Abraham Lincoln, condensed from Nicolay and Hayes' Abraham Lincoln: A History 2 2 Browse Search
Alfred Roman, The military operations of General Beauregard in the war between the states, 1861 to 1865 2 2 Browse Search
George Meade, The Life and Letters of George Gordon Meade, Major-General United States Army (ed. George Gordon Meade) 2 2 Browse Search
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 1. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.) 2 2 Browse Search
Jefferson Davis, The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government 2 2 Browse Search
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Index (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 2 2 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 36. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 2 2 Browse Search
Hon. J. L. M. Curry , LL.D., William Robertson Garrett , A. M. , Ph.D., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 1.1, Legal Justification of the South in secession, The South as a factor in the territorial expansion of the United States (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 2 2 Browse Search
James D. Porter, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 7.1, Tennessee (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 2 2 Browse Search
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ld back from the Mississippi so as not to embarrass the movements of Grant and the gunboats. Of this unattached cavalry of the Army of the Ohio were the men in the first picture--Company D, Fourth Kentucky Volunteers, enlisted at Louisville, December, 1861. Company D, Fourth Kentucky Volunteers, enlisted at Louisville, December, 1861. Officers of the Fourth Kentucky Cavalry General Beauregard made his headquarters. Hour after hour the columns in blue and gray surged to and fro, firstDecember, 1861. Officers of the Fourth Kentucky Cavalry General Beauregard made his headquarters. Hour after hour the columns in blue and gray surged to and fro, first one then the other gaining the advantage and presently losing it. At times the smoke of burning powder enveloped the whole field and hid both armies from view. The interesting incidents of this day of blood would fill a volume. General Hindman of the Southern side had a novel experience. His horse was struck by a bursting shell and torn to a thousand fragments. The general, thrown ten feet high, fell to the ground, but leaped to his feet unhurt and asked for another horse. Early in the a
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 1: The Opening Battles. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), Engagements of the Civil War with losses on both sides December, 1860-August, 1862 (search)
23, 1861: Ft. Pickens, Pensacola, Fla. Union, Cos. C and E 3d U. S. Inft., Cos. G and 16th N. Y., Batteries A, F, and L 1st U. S. Artil., and C, H, and K 2d U. S. Artil. Confed., Gen. Braxton Bragg's command in Fort McRee and numerous shore batteries. Losses: Union 5 killed, 7 wounded. Confed. 5 killed, 93 wounded. November 26, 1861: Drainesville, Va. Union, 1st Pa. Cav. Confed., Stuart's Va. Cav. Losses: Union 1 wounded. Confed. 2 killed, 4 captured. December, 1861. December 3, 1861: Salem, Mo. Union, 1st Battalion Mo. Cav. Confed., Freeman's and Turner's Cav. Losses: Union 3 killed, 9 wounded. Confed. 16 killed, 20 wounded. December 4, 1861: Anandale, Va. Union, 45th N. Y. Confed., Va. Cav. Losses: Union 1 killed, 14 missing. Confed. 3 killed, 2 missing. December 13, 1861: Camp Allegheny or Buffalo Mountain, W. Va. Union 9th and 13th Ind., 25th and 32d Ohio, 2d W. Va., Confed., 12th Ga., 25th, 31st and
nd politicians as military advisers, captains of the pen rather than of the sword, and blind leading the blind. Mr. Lincoln found himself American lancers — the sixth Pennsylvania Few people have heard that there was an American regiment of lancers in 1861-1863. Colonel Richard Rush's regiment, the Sixth Pennsylvania, attempted to fight in this European fashion during the great conflict in which so much was discovered about the art of war. The Pennsylvanians carried the lance from December, 1861, until May, 1863, when it was discarded for the carbine, as being unsuited to the wooded country of Virginia through which the command operated. The regiment was organized in Philadelphia by Colonel Richard H. Rush, August to October, 1861, and was composed of the best blood in that aristocratic city. The usual armament of Federal volunteer cavalry regiments at the outset of the war consisted of a saber and a revolver. At least two squadrons, consisting of four troops of from eighty-t
ys ready for issue. rounds of ammunition. This was followed by an inquiry made of the chief of ordnance to ascertain whether the same ammunition could be manufactured in the Government arsenals, for issue to the troops armed with the Enfield. Necessarily, the answer was No, and the chief of ordnance, on June 17, 1861, reported to the Secretary of War that the issue of fancy arms to troops about to be mustered into the service of the United States was highly undesirable. By the end of December, 1861, however, it was found that the capacity of the various arsenals of the Government was not equal to the great output necessary, and that the practice of buying by contract had to be recognized to a great extent. The States had already sent troops for service armed with numerous patterns of rifles, and it was impracticable to rearm all of them. On January 25, 1862, the chief of ordnance reported to Secretary Stanton that, under the administration of his predecessor, Secretary Cameron,
James Barnes, author of David G. Farragut, Naval Actions of 1812, Yank ee Ships and Yankee Sailors, Commodore Bainbridge , The Blockaders, and other naval and historical works, The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 6: The Navy. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), Naval chronology 1861-1865: important naval engagements of the Civil war March, 1861-June, 1865 (search)
s of this magnificent frigate were merely auxiliary; she yet depended upon her towering canvas when on a cruise. Her armament was almost identically that of the Minnesota, although her tonnage was some-what less. She mounted two 10-inch smooth-bores, twenty-eight 9-inch guns on her gundeck, fourteen 8-inch on her spar deck, and two 12-pounders. At the time this picture was taken she was flagship of the South Atlantic squadron, flying the broad pennant of Admiral Samuel F. Du Pont. December, 1861. December 4, 1861. Proclamation of Gen. Phelps, attached to Gen. Butler's expedition, on occupation of Ship Island, Mississippi Sound. December 17, 1861. Entrance to the harbor at Savannah, Ga., blocked by sinking 7 vessels laden with stone. December 20, 1861. The main ship-channel at Charleston Harbor was obstructed by sinking 16 vessels of the Stone fleet. December 31, 1861. Two boats under Acting-Masters A. Allen and H. L. Sturges, from the U. S. S. Mou
sion Hall, Charleston—1865 Three months before Holmes' poem, South Carolinians had cast the die of separation in Secession Hall. It appears to the right of the Circular Church, across the narrow graveyard, its walls blasted by the fire of December, 1861. Here the vote was taken on December 20, 1860, declaring that ‘the union now subsisting between South Carolina and the other States under the name of the United States of America is hereby dissolved.’ The secession convention was composed ofthe fire apparatus until all the fires were extinguished. But some of the fairest sections of Charleston were already in ruins. ‘In vain is the strife’ The Roman Catholic Cathedral of St. John and St. Finbar, destroyed by the fire of December, 1861—most of the able bodied citizens were serving as soldiers, and the flames raged unchecked. They may fight till the buzzards are gorged with their spoil,— Till the harvest grows black as it rots in the soil, Till the wolves and the cat
The Pinckney house in Charleston, South Carolina Here lived from 1769 the noted Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, after his return from school at Westminster and Oxford. When the Revolution began he discontinued his practice of law and led a provincial regiment. For two years he was one of Washingon's aidesde-camp. In 1780 his wife was evicted from the mansion by British troops when Sir Henry Clinton and Lord Cornwallis occupied the town. The history of his dwelling-place terminated in December, 1861. A fire began on a wharf by the Cooper River, where some Negroes were cooking their supper. It was blown into a hay store near by; it then spread swiftly before the gale to the banks of the Ashley, leaving behind nothing but a smoking wilderness of ruins. The Pinckney mansion stood in its path. The able-bodied men of the town were in service or drilling in the camps at the race-course, and little could be done to check its course till it reached the Ashley River. may perpetuate itse
adier-general of volunteers, and in March, 1862, major-general of volunteers. He organized an expeditionary corps in December, 1861, and this was merged in the Department of North Carolina, of which Burnside was the head from January to July, 1862. gress. He was made brigadier-general of volunteers in May, 1861, and was commander of the Army of the Southwest from December, 1861, to August, 1862. He conducted an active campaign against Van Dorn and Price, during which he won the battle of Pea , February 15, 1905. Ninth Army Corps The troops that Major-General Burnside took with him to North Carolina in December, 1861, which were then known as Burnside's Expeditionary Corps and which made a record for themselves at Roanoke Island, Nember to November, 1861, he was at the head of the Department of the Ohio, and had a division in the Army of the Ohio, December, 1861, to July, 1862, during which he made a brilliant expedition into Alabama, and won promotion to major-general of volun
was appointed a brigadier-general from Louisiana in September, 1861. He had a brigade at Pensacola, and was in temporary command of the Army of Pensacola in December, 1861, and was given command of a brigade in the Second Corps, Army of the Mississippi. He was mortally wounded at Shiloh April 6, 1862. Major-General Samuel Jo in two divisions with a reserve, and a third division, under Brigadier-General John B. Floyd, was added later on. Major-General Hardee had temporary command, December, 1861-February, 1862. On March 29, 1862, the Central Army of Kentucky, whose strength was about twenty-three thousand, was consolidated with the Army of the Missisgiven command of Fort Morgan, Mobile Bay, in March, and later, as major-general, was transferred to the Central Army of Kentucky, of which he had command from December, 1861, to February, 1862. He was given the Second Corps in the Army of the Mississippi and led the advance at Shiloh. He took part with this army as corps or wing
cavalry were armed with such various weapons as they could get—sabers, horse pistols, revolvers, Sharp's carbines, musketoons, short Enfield rifles, Holt's carbines, muskets cut off, etc. Equipments were in many cases made of stout cotton domestic, stitched in triple folds and covered with paint or rubber varnish. But poor as were the arms, enough of them, such as they were, could not be obtained to arm the troops pressing forward to defend their homes and their political rights. In December, 1861, arms purchased abroad began to come in, and a good many Enfield rifles were in the hands of the troops at the battle of Shiloh. The winter of 1862 was the period when our ordnance deficiencies were most keenly felt. Powder was called for on every hand; the equipments most needed were those we were least able to supply. The abandonment of the line of the Potomac and the upper Mississippi from Columbus to Memphis did somewhat, however, reduce the pressure for heavy artillery; after th
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