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he army at Donelson surrendered the time had come when this move must begin, with as much celerity as was consistent with the preservation of morale and material of war. It must, of course, have been agreeable to him to be sustained beforehand by General Beauregard's formal approval of a retreat under much less stringent circumstances than now actually existed. The following is General Beauregard's letter: Letter from General Beauregard to General Johnston. Bowling Green, Kentucky, February 12, 1862. General: By the fall of Fort Henry the enemy having possession of the Tennessee River, which is navigable for their gunboats and transports to Florence, it becomes evident that the forces under your immediate command and those under General Polk, separated unfortunately by that river, can no longer act in concert, and will be unable to support each other until the fortune of war shall have restored the Tennessee River to our possession, or combined the movement of the two armies in
ncided with a most provoking prophecy made by Mr. C. as I set out; and I joined in a hearty laugh at my own expense, which was a real relief to my feelings. No good news from Roanoke Island. Fort Henry has fallen; that loss is treated lightly, but the enemy have turned their attention to Fort Donelson, on Cumberland River, which, if taken, would give them free access into the heart of Tennessee. Tuesday, February 11, 1862. Roanoke Island has fallen — no particulars heard. February 12th, 1862. The loss of Roanoke Island is a terrible blow. The loss of life not very great. The Richmond Blues were captured, and their Captain, the gifted and brave 0. Jennings Wise, is among the fallen. My whole heart overflows towards his family; for, though impetuous in public, he was gentle and affectionate at home, and they always seemed to look upon him with peculiar tenderness. He is a severe loss to the country. Captain Coles, of Albemarle, has also fallen. He was said to be
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 6: the Army of the Potomac.--the Trent affair.--capture of Roanoke Island. (search)
, on the following day, Feb. 11, 1862. they took possession of the place. this success was followed up by other movements for securing the control of Albemarle Sound and the adjacent country, as well as the waters through which communication was held with Norfolk. To this end, Rowan W. F. Lynch. sent Lieutenant A. Maury, with a part of his fleet, to take possession of Edenton, near the western end of the Sound. This was easily done on the day after the capture of Elizabeth City, Feb. 12, 1862. a body of flying artillery stationed there having left it precipitately without firing a shot. Maury destroyed a schooner on the stocks and eight cannon, and then passed on, capturing vessels on the Sound. On the following day, Feb. 13. Lieutenant Jeffers, with some of the fleet, proceeded to the Chesapeake and Albemarle Canal, that traverses the Dismal Swamp on its way from the Elizabeth River to the Pasquotank, for the purpose of disabling it. They found Confederates engaged in the
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 7: military operations in Missouri, New Mexico, and Eastern Kentucky--capture of Fort Henry. (search)
nsas, Colonel Gee; Fifty-first Tennessee, Colonel Browder; Alabama battalion, Major Garvin; light battery of three pieces, Captain Clare; Alabama battalion of cavalry; an independent company of horse, under Captain Milner; Captain Padgett's Spy Company, and a detachment of Rangers, commanded by Captain Melton. The heavy artillery manned the guns of the fort, and were in charge of Captain Jesse Taylor.--Report of General Tilghman to Colonel Mackall, Johnston's Assistant Adjutant-General, Feb. 12, 1862. were commanded by Brigadier-General Loyd Tilghman, a Marylander, and graduate of West Point Academy, and it was supplied with barracks and tents sufficient for an army fifteen thousand strong. Plan of Fort Henry. References.--the a's denote the position of twelve 82-pounders; B, a 24-pounder barbette gun; C, a 12-inch Columbiad; D, 24-pounder siege-gun; E E, 12-pounder siege-guns; F, flag-staff; H, draw-bridge; K, well; M, magazine; 0, Ordnance stores; P, Adjutant's quarters; Q, H
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 8: the siege and capture of Fort Donelson. (search)
nd Walker, the whole under the command of Major Cavender, chief of artillery. On the 11th, General Grant called a council of war, which was composed of his division commanders and several acting brigadiers. Shall we march on Donelson, or wait for further re-enforcements? was the question considered. Information that heavy re-enforcements were hastening toward that stronghold carried a decision in favor of an immediate march against it; and in general field orders the next morning, Feb. 12, 1862. Grant directed one of McClernand's brigades to move at once by the telegraph road directly upon Fort Donelson, and to halt within two miles of it; his other three brigades to march by the Dover Ridge road, to within the same distance, to unite with the first in forming the right wing in the investment of the fort. Two of Smith's Brigades were to follow by the Dover Road, and these were to be followed, in turn, by the troops on the left bank of the river, then occupying Fort Hieman, as
t's ---------- 26 93 -- 119 22d Illinois Grant's ---------- 23 74 -- 97 Camp Alleghany, W. Va.             Dec. 13, 1861.             25th Ohio Milroy's ---------- 6 54 6 66 Dranesville, Va.             Dec. 20, 1861.             1st Penn. Rifles McCall's ---------- 3 26 -- 29 Mill Springs, Ky.             Jan. 19, 1862.             10th Indiana Thomas's ---------- 10 75 -- 85 4th Kentucky Thomas's ---------- 8 52 -- 60 Fort Donelson, Tenn.             Feb. 12-16, 1862.             11th Illinois McClernand's ---------- 70 181 88 339 8th Illinois McClernand's ---------- 54 188 -- 242 18th Illinois McClernand's ---------- 53 157 18 228 9th Illinois C. F. Smith's ---------- 36 165 9 210 2d Iowa C. F. Smith's ---------- 33 164 -- 197 31st Illinois McClernand's ---------- 31 117 28 176 Pea Ridge, Ark.             March 6-8, 1862.             9th Iowa Carr's, E. A. --------
Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler, Chapter 7: recruiting in New England. (search)
the river. It so happened that I was a warm friend of Senator Wade, who was chairman of the Committee on the Conduct of the War. He was very anxious to have a movement, and was chafing under the inactivity very much. He asked me my opinion about the rebel force opposite Washington. He summoned me before the War Committee, and I had to give it under oath. Not only that, but I was made to give my reasons for the opinion, and I happened to have some to give. They were dated the 12th day of February, 1862, and appear in the report of the Committee on the Conduct of the War. Following is my estimate, taken from the report:-- Ewell's Brigade, consisting of--Estimated Strength. Reported.  5th regiment Alabama volunteers600    6thdo.Louisianado.600    4 guns, Walton's battery, 12 howitzers60    3 companies Virginia cavalry180         2,040  Holmes' Brigade (reinforcements added on 20th of July, as reported)--     Infantry1,265
to plant the American flag on one of the captured forts on the sea-shore. Yours respectfully, Edw. Ferrero, Col. Fifty-first Regiment N. Y.V. Colonel Lee's report. headquarters Twenty-Seventh Regt. Mass, Vols., Roanoke Island, February 12, 1862. To His Excellency John A. Andrew: dear sir: I am very sorry to be obliged to report the death of Capt, Hubbard of company I, which occurred this morning. I would recommend to fill the vacancy, First Lieut. Edward K. Wilcox; for First Ll be proud of the troops she has sent into the field. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, Col. H. C. Lee, Commanding Twenty-seventh Regiment. Colonel Kurtz's report. headquarters Twenty-Third Massachusetts, Roanoke Island, February 12, 1862. my dear General: You undoubtedly have already read the account of our trip down from Annapolis, our arrival at that worst of all places to get into — Hatteras Inlet — and now you will get an account of our passage up Pamlico Sound, in a
ril 6, 1865. Tabular statement of losses in both the Union and Confederate armies in the principal battles of the Civil War, 1861-1865, compiled from official reports by Marcus J. Wright, chief of the division of Confederate records, U. S. War Department Union ArmyConfederate Army KilledWoundedMissingTotalKilledWoundedMissingTotal Bull Run, Va., July 21, 18614811,0111,2162,7083871,582121,981 Wilson's Creek, Mo., Aug. 10, 18612237212911,235257900271,184 Fort Donelson, Tenn., Feb. 12-16, 18625002,1082242,8322,00014,62316,623 Pea Ridge, Ark., Mar. 7, 18622039802011,384600200800 Shiloh, Tenn., Apr. 6-7, 18621,7548,4082,88513,0471,7238,01295910,694 Williamsburg, Va., May 4-5, 18624561,4103732,2491,5701331,703 Fair Oaks, Va., May 31,–June 1, 18627903,5946475,0319804,7494056,134 Mechanicsville, Va., June 26, 1862492071053611,484 Gaines' Mill, Va., June 27, 18628943,1072,8366,8378,751 Peach Orchard, Savage Station, Va., June 29, 1862White Oak Swamp, Glendale, Va., June
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 10: The Armies and the Leaders. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), General officers of the Confederate Army: a full roster compiled from the official records (search)
ohn, Nov. 7, 1862. Pendleton, W. N., Mar. 26, 1862. Perrin, Abner, Sept. 10, 1863. Perry, Ed. A., Aug. 28, 1862. Perry, Wm. F., Feb. 21, 1865. Pettigrew, J. J., Feb. 26, 1862. Pettus, E. W., Sept. 18, 1863. Pike, Albert, Aug. 15, 1861. Pillow, Gideon J., July 9, 1861. Polk, Lucius E., Dec. 13, 1862. Preston, William, April 14, 1862. Pryor, Roger A., April 16, 1862. Quarles, Wm. A., Aug. 25, 1863. Rains, G. J., Sept. 23, 1861. Rains, James E., Nov. 4, 1862. Randolph, G. W., Feb. 12, 1862. Ransom, M. W., June 13, 1863. Reynolds, A. W., Sept. 14, 1863. Richardson, R. V., Dec. 1, 1863. Ripley, Roswell S., Aug. 15, 1861. Roberts, Wm. P., Feb. 21, 1865. Robertson, B. H., June 9, 1862. Robertson, J. B., Nov. 1, 1862. Roddy, Philip D., Aug. 3, 1863. Roane, John S., Nov. 20, 1862. Ross, Lawrence S., Dec. 21, 1863. Ruggles, Daniel, Aug. 9, 1861. Rust, Albert, Mar. 4, 1862. Scales, Alfred M., June 3, 1863. Scott, T. M., May 10, 1864. Scurry, Wm. R., Sept. 12, 1862.
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