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pe of this work to give a detailed account. At Perryville, at Murfreesboro, at Chickamauga, in baffling Sherman in February, 1864, and in General J. E. Johnston's retreat from North Georgia, his courage and skill made him one of the main supports of the Confederate cause in the West. Whoever was at the head, it was upon Polk and Hardee, the corps commanders, as upon two massive pillars, that the weight of organization and discipline rested. General Polk was made a lieutenant-general, October 10, 1862, and was killed by a shell aimed at him, June 14, 1864, near Marietta, Georgia, while boldly reconnoitring the enemy's position. Hon. Thomas C. Reynolds, the constitutional Lieutenant-Governor of Missouri, and, after Governor Jackson's death, its legal Governor, has given the writer his recollections of General Johnston at Columbus. Himself a gentleman of fine talents and culture, Governor Reynolds's opinions and impressions cannot fail to receive consideration: My recollectio
by mules, was sent to the depot for us. So many of us are now together that we feel more like quiet enjoyment than we have done for months. October 8th, 1862. Mr. N. joined us this morning, and we all gathered here for the day. It seemed so much like old times, that C. broke a war rule, and gave us pound-cake for supper. October 9th, 1862. A very pleasant day at S. H. The ladies all busily knitting for our soldiers-oh, that we could make them comfortable for the winter! October 10th, 1862. Bad news! The papers bring an account of the defeat of our army at Corinth. It was commanded by General Van Dorn--the Federals by Rosecranz. They fought Friday, Saturday, and Sunday. The fight said to have been very bloody-great loss on both sides. The first two days we had the advantage, but on Sunday the Yankees brought up reinforcements, and our men had to retire to Ripley. The Northern papers do not brag quite so much as usual; they say their loss was very great, particul
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., chapter 8.58 (search)
g in heavy force an interval of nearly 175 yards, which separated the right of Gregg's from the left of Thomas's brigade. For a short time Gregg's brigade, on the extreme left, was isolated from the main body of the command. But the 14th South Carolina regiment, then in reserve, with the 49th Georgia, left of Colonel Thomas, attacked the exultant enemy with vigor and drove them back across the railroad track with great slaughter. . . . General Longstreet says in his report, dated October 10th, 1862: . . . Early on the 29th [August] the columns [that had passed Thoroughfare and Hopewell Gaps] were united, and the advance to join General Jackson was resumed. The noise of battle was heard before we reached Gainesville. The march was quickened to the extent of our capacity. The excitement of battle seemed to give new life and strength to our jaded men, and the head of my column soon reached a position in rear of the enemy's left flank, and within easy cannon-shot. On app
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Bragg's invasion of Kentucky. (search)
infantry and a brigade of cavalry fought me back to near Danville, and at the same time Buell formed with his right within four miles of that place, making a feint in Bragg's immediate front on the road leading from Perryville to Harrodsburg. Buell, no doubt, hoped to cut him off from the crossing of the Dick River near Camp Dick Robinson. I sent General Bragg information of Buell's dispositions, whereupon he issued orders to his army and wrote me as follows: Harrodsburg, Ky., October 10th, 1862. Colonel Wheeler. Dear Colonel: I opened your dispatch to General Polk regarding the enemy's movements. The information you furnish is very important. It is just what I needed and I thank you for it. This information leaves no doubt as to the proper course for me to pursue. Hold the enemy firmly till to-morrow. Yours, etc., Braxton Bragg. Bragg had now determined to retreat to Knoxville by the way of Cumberland Gap. It was evident that Buell's large army would enable him to s
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 19: events in Kentucky and Northern Mississippi. (search)
, and lost 549, killed, wounded, and missing. with its commander, whose horse was shot under him, made prisoner. It was not until about this time (four o'clock in the afternoon) that Buell was aware that a battle of much account — really one of the most sanguinary battles of the war, in proportion to numbers engaged — had been in progress. It had been raging for several hours, when he received from McCook a request for re-enforcements. See General Buell's Report to General Halleck, October 10, 1862. Buell at once sent them, and also orders for Crittenden, who was approaching, to hurry forward. The latter was too late to engage decisively in the conflict, Wagner's brigade of Crittenden's corps went into action on Mitchell's right just at the close. which ended at dark, when the Confederates, who had chosen their position for battle, were repulsed at all points. So ended the destructive battle of Perryville, or Chaplin's Hills, as it is sometimes called. Buell reported his e
7 Petersburg, Va. (assault, 1864) 8 Williamsport, Md. 1 Siege of Petersburg, Va. 4 Mine Run, Va. 1 Weldon Railroad, Va. 6 Wilderness, Va. 65 White Oak Road, Va. 13 Spotsylvania, Va. 7 Five Forks, Va. 5 North Anna, Va. 2     Present, also, at Rappahannock Station; Bristoe Station; White Oak Swamp (1864); Hatcher's Run; Chapel House; Appomattox. notes.--Recruited in Oneida county, and organized at Rome, N. Y. It was mustered into the service of the United States on October 10, 1862, and proceeded immediately to Washington. In November, 1862, it joined the Army of the Potomac at Snicker's Gap, Va., where it was assigned to Warren's Brigade, Sykes's Division, Fifth Corps, a division composed mostly of regulars. It marched with them to Fredericksburg, where it participated in its first battle. When the Duryee Zouaves were mustered out, in May, 1863, the recruits of that famous regiment were transferred to the One Hundred and Forty-sixth; they numbered 283 men, and
Doc. 128.-battle of Chaplin hills, Ky. this battle is also known as the battle of Perryville. General Buell's report. Perryville, Ky., via Bardstown, Oct. 10, 1862. To Major-Gen. H. W. Halleck, Commander-in-Chief: I have already advised you of the movements of the army under my command from Louisville. More or less skirmishing has occurred daily with the enemy's cavalry since then, and it was supposed the enemy would give battle at Bardstown. By troops reached that point on the fourth, driving the enemy's rear guard of cavalry and artillery of the main body to Springfield, whither pursuit was continued. The centre corps, under General Gilbert, moved in the direct road from Springfield to Perrysville, and arrived on the seventh one mile from town, where the enemy was found to be in force. The left column, under Gen. McCook, came upon the Maxville road about ten o'clock yesterday, (the eighth.) It was ordered into position to attack, and a strong reconnoissance d
of Gov. Letcher. By the Governor of Virginia. A proclamation. Under authority of an act passed on the first day of the present month, (October,) I, John Letcher, Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia, do hereby proclaim the regulation hereto annexed as having been adopted by me, and to be obligatory upon all persons and corporations coming within their purview from the date hereof. Given under my hand as Governor and under L. S. the seal of the Commonwealth this tenth day of October, 1862, and in the eighty-seventh year of the Commonwealth. John Letcher. By the Governor. George W. Munford, Secretary of the Commonwealth. Regulations for obtaining possession of salt in this commonwealth for distribution to the people. Prescribed by the Governor under the act to provide for the production, distribution and sale of salt in this Commonwealth. Passed October first, 1862. 1. No railroad, canal, or other internal improvement company in this State shall undertake t
y misrule of treason now rampant there. With him went also Capt. S. W. Cozzens, of Texas, to be assigned to a command. Both gentlemen left this port in the Mary A. Boardman, on the night of Monday, December twenty-ninth, just six days ago. Before I relate Major Burt's experience, it is advisable to mention a few preliminary details necessary to the understanding of his story. At Galveston the position of affairs was as follows: The town, attacked and taken by Commodore Renshaw on October tenth, 1862, the rebels flying upon the appearance of the gunboats, had remained, in a comparatively deserted condition, under their control. It was held merely as a landing-place for future operations, and occupied principally by Union refugees, fugitives from the terrorism of the interior. We had barely the city and island upon which it stands, a mere sand-bank, thirty miles long, not over two in width, and connecting with the interior by a bridge of two miles in extent, built upon cedar pile
Doc. 26.-summer campaign of 1862. from the battle of Cedar Run to, and including, the battle of Sharpsburg. Report of General Longstreet. headquarters near Winchester, Va., October 10, 1862. Brigadier-General R. H. Chilton, Adjutant and Inspector-General: General: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of my command in the late campaign: In obedience to the orders of the commanding General, the command marched from Gordonsville, on the sixteenth August, crossing the Rapidan, on the twentieth, at Raccoon Ford. The next day, at Kelly's Ford, I received orders to move up the Rappahannock to Rappahannock Station. As we were withdrawing from Kelly's Ford, the enemy crossed the river and made an attack upon the rear brigade, (Featherston's.) under the command of Colonel Posey. After a sharp skirmish, Colonel Posey drove him back with considerable loss. Arriving at Rappahannock Station, General Hood, with his own and Whiting's brigade, was
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