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rful and happy. No doubt sad thoughts flit through his mind in regard to loved ones at home, but as fresh excitements are coining up every day, and as old battle scenes and incidents have to be gone over occasionally, his mind is never allowed to dwell long on those ideal pictures which have a natural tendency to produce gloominess. The rumor that, on the return of our division from Van Buren, the Army of the Frontier would move north-ward, turned out to be true. On the morning of January 2d, 1863, the First Division struck tents, left Rhea's Mills, and took up a line of march for Elm Springs, about twenty-two miles north. The General Hospitals were established at Fayetteville several days ago, and most of the sick and wounded have been removed there. It is the chief town in northwestern Arkansas, and is capable of affording much better facilities for properly caring for sick and wounded soldiers than could easily be provided at Rhea's Mills or Prairie Grove. When it is possi
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., chapter 5.67 (search)
These objections were disregarded, however. The detaching of almost a fourth of General Bragg's army to Mississippi, while of no present value to that department, was disastrous to that of Tennessee, for it caused the battle of Murfreesboro‘. General Rosecrans was, of course, soon informed of the great reduction of his antagonist's strength, and marched from Nashville to attack him. The battle, that of Murfreesboro' or Stone's River, occurred on the 31st of December, 1862, and the 2d of January, 1863, and was one of the most obstinately contested and bloody of the war, in proportion to the numbers engaged. [See articles to follow.] The result of this action compelled the Confederate army to fall back and place itself behind Duck River, at Manchester, Tullahoma, and Shelbyville. Early in December Grant projected an enterprise against Vicksburg under Sherman's command. He directed that officer to embark at Memphis with about 30,000 men, descend the river with them to the neighbo
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The battle of Stone's River. (search)
artillery played upon the enemy. Not less than one hundred shots per minute were fired. As the mass of men Position of Mendenhall's fifty-eight guns (as seen from the east bank above the Ford) which repelled the charge of Breckinridge, January 2, 1863. from a photograph taken in 1884. swarmed down the slope they were mowed down by the score. Confederates were pinioned to the earth by falling branches. For a few minutes the brave fellows held their ground, hoping to advance, but the weng. General Bragg had been promptly notified by General Joseph Wheeler of the arrival of this reinforcement to his antagonist, and says in his report: Advance of Colonel M. B. Walker's Union Brigade, at Stone's River, on the evening of January 2, 1863. from a Lithograph. Walker's position is in the cedars near the right of Rousseau's line (see map, page 616). In the right of the picture is seen the 4th Michigan Battery. The front line was composed of the 31st and 17th Ohio, and the s
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The Union left at Stone's River. (search)
The Union left at Stone's River. by Thomas L. Crittenden, Major-General, U. S. V. The battle of Stone's River, Tennessee, on the 31st of December, 1862, and the 2d of January, 1863, was one of the most fiercely contested and bloody conflicts of the war. The two armies that met in this conflict were made up of soldiers who, for the most part, had been disciplined by capable instructors and hardened by service in the field, both having made many long marches, and neither having been strangers to the perils of the battle-field. Moreover, these armies were ably commanded by graduates of the Military Academy at West Point — a military school, I think, not surpassed, if equaled, anywhere else. The duration of the battle, and the long list of the killed and wounded, show the stuff of which the two armies were composed. I do not think that two better armies, as numerous and so nearly matched in strength, ever met in battle. I had the good fortune to command the left wing of our army
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., Cavalry operations in the West under Rosecrans and Sherman. (search)
ho at once proceeded to get the cavalry in condition for efficient service. He formed it in three brigades. The First was under Colonel R. H. G. Minty, of the 4th Michigan Cavalry; the Second under Colonel Lewis Zahm, of the 3d Ohio Cavalry; the Third he kept under his personal charge, while Colonel John Kennett was made commander of the cavalry division. Such was the organization when Rosecrans began the campaign which resulted in the Battle of Stone's River, December 31st, 1862, to January 2d, 1863. In the autumn of 1862, while Rosecrans was making his preparations at Nashville, a number of cavalry regiments were being recruited in Kentucky, and that State became a general camp of instruction for new regiments on their way to the front from other States. They were not able, however, to protect the country from the raids of the Confederate cavalry. On the 7th of December, 1862, John H. Morgan attacked the Federals at Hartsville, Tennessee, and captured the garrison. On the 9t
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 20: events West of the Mississippi and in Middle Tennessee. (search)
wagons and teams. He expected Rosecrans would attempt to fly toward Nashville during the night, and was greatly astonished in the morning to find his opponent's army not only present, but in battle order. He began to doubt his ability to conquer his foe, and moved more circumspectly. He attempted but little, and the sum of that day's operations was some heavy skirmishing and occasional artillery firing. That night both armies, alert and anxious, slept on their arms. Friday morning Jan. 2, 1863. found Rosecrans with his army well in hand, and in an advantageous position. During the preceding evening Van Cleve's division of Crittenden's corps, then commanded by Colonel Beatty, of the Nineteenth Ohio, had been thrown across Stone's River, and occupied an eminence commanding the upper ford, nearly a mile below the bridge of the Nashville turnpike. Bragg, during the night, had stealthily planted four heavy batteries to sweep the National lines, and with these he suddenly opened a
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 21: slavery and Emancipation.--affairs in the Southwest. (search)
its way to Vicksburg. preparations were made for this flank movement to begin at midnight of the 31st. Dec, 1862. a dense fog interposed. The enterprise became known to Pemberton, and it was abandoned. Rumors of Grant's retreat to Grand Junction had reached Sherman, and he resolved to return to Milliken's Bend on the Mississippi. The troops were all re-embarked, and ready for departure from the Yazoo, when the arrival of General McClernand, Sherman's senior in rank, was announced. Jan. 2, 1863. on the 4th of January that officer assumed the chief command, and the Army and navy proceeded to Milliken's Bend. The title of Sherman's force was changed to that of the Army of the Mississippi, and was divided into two corps, one of which was placed under the command of General Morgan, and the other under General Sherman. before McClernand's arrival Sherman and Porter had agreed upon a plan for attacking Fort Hindman, or Arkansas post, on the left bank, and at a sharp Bend of the Ar
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 59: (search)
na. Brig Eco. 4,281 21 1,039 35 3,246 86 New Orleans Aug. 23, 1865 Gertrude, Princess, Royal, Kanawha, Cayuga. Schooner Flash 2,485 61 1,117 18 1,368 43 New York Dec. 1, 1863 Restless, Onward. Brig Falcon 3,655 93 1,263 29 2,392 64 do Jan. 2, 1863 South Carolina. Schooner Florida 1,865 00 1,106 76 758 24 do Nov. 20, 1863 Matthew Vassar. Schooner Fairwind 2,250 00 900 93 1,349 07 Philadelphia May 19, 1863 Quaker City. Schooner Fairplay 2,208 55 1,392 02 816 53 do Oct. 19, 1863 G Massachusetts, New London. Schooner Hanna M. Johnson 2,470 26 932 81 1,537 45 do Nov. 25, 1863 Perry. Schooner Hallie Jackson 3,625 00 1,217 47 2,407 53 do July 12, 1862 Union. Schooner Henry Middleton 24,607 05 4,394 59 20,212 46 do Jan. 2, 1863 Vandalia. Schooner Hettiwan 13,455 37 1,997 52 11,457 85 do Feb. 29, 1864 Ottowa, Housatonic, Flambeau. Bark Hiawatha 269,319 27 29,615 56 239,703 71 do Feb. 6, 1864 Minnesota, Cumberland, Perry, Keystone State, Star (now called Monticel
lity that the enemy would divine, or at least suspect, what was meditated, and prepare to render the purposed assault more costly than that of the 29th. The swamp wherein our men were encamped would be drowned by the next heavy rain; there were already ominus rumors afloat, which every thing tended to confirm, that Grant had fallen back, leaving the Rebels free to concentrate 40,000 men at Vicksburg; there was no use in staying: so Sherman resolved to go; and, by sunrise next moreing, Jan. 2, 1863. he had every thing on board, and was on the point of starting for Milliken's Bend; when he was apprised by Admiral Porter that an officer, his senior in rank, had arrived; to whom he accordingly turned over the command. John A. McClernand, of Illinois,--a political General, according to the West Point classification — was the coming man. He had been for years a Democratic Representative in Congress of some note, but had hitherto won no distinction in the field. Having been dispatched
Steele's ---------- 27 107 39 173 31st Missouri Steele's ---------- 17 72 62 151 29th Missouri Steele's ---------- 19 70 61 150 58th Ohio Steele's ---------- 36 78 11 125 4th Iowa Steele's ---------- 7 105 -- 112 22d Kentucky Morgan's ---------- 9 72 26 107 6th Missouri Morgan's ---------- 14 43 -- 57 Parker's X Roads, Tenn.             Dec. 30, 1862.             122d Illinois Stanley's ---------- 16 50 15 81 Stone's River, Tenn.             Dec. 31, 1862--Jan. 2, 1863.             18th U. S. Inf., 20 Cos. Two battalions, numbering 603 officers and men in action. Rousseau's The Army of the Cumberland was then the Fourteenth Corps; and was divided into the Right Wing, Centre, and Left Wing.Fourteenth 60 224 7 291 21st Illinois Davis's Fourteenth 57 187 59 303 36th Illinois Sheridan's Fourteenth 46 151 15 212 15th Indiana Wood's Fourteenth 38 143 7 188 6th Ohio Palmer's Fourteenth 25 138 14 177 84th Illinois Palme
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