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Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1, Condensed history of regiments., Twelfth battery Massachusetts Light Artillery. (search)
rleans, Jan. 3, 1863, arriving at its destination on February 3. It was on duty at Baton Rouge, La., during the month of March, and was mounted and equipped as cavalry for a short time in April; on duty on the Atchafalaya River near Brashear City from April 17 to May 23; returning to New Orleans, it was on duty at various stations in the vicinity during the summer of 1863, and a detachment was stationed at Port Hudson during the siege. The battery was stationed at Port Hudson from October 15 until the close of its term of service. Foraging and reconnoitring expeditions took place by detachments on Dec. 31, 1863; March 16 and 26, 1864; April 26 and May 6; on the latter date a force of the enemy was met in advance on Port Hudson. Other expeditions took place on May 29, June 18 and August 24; during a part of the time detachments were mounted and equipped in service as cavalry. It suffered no loss by action during its service, but much by disease. It was mustered out July 25, 1865.
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1, Condensed history of regiments., Fifty-fourth regiment Massachusetts Infantry. (search)
men (included above) serving elsewhere within regiment.–––––––––––––– Actual total of members of regiment,— Officers,1662–––––––––––78 Enlisted men, Including non-commissioned staff.5–1301311151351161161261261301241101,364 Totals,–––––––––––––1,442 The 54th Mass. Infantry was the first regiment of colored men raised in the Northern States east of the Mississippi River. Authority for recruiting such a regiment was given Governor Andrew by the Secretary of War in an order dated Jan. 26, 1863. Capt. Robert G. Shaw of the 2d Mass. Infantry was placed in charge of the regiment during its formation, and was commissioned colonel April 17. All the commissioned officers except the chaplain were white until the muster of Lieut. S. A. Swails, May 14, 1864. Recruiting began in Boston on February 9; men were also sent from Philadelphia, but the larger part of the members were obtained through the efforts of a re