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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., The Union and Confederate navies. (search)
ix months with the question of iron-clads, that the first twenty-four hours of the Monitor's career would be so big with fate. In addition to the three vessels selected by the board of 1861, there were built or projected during the war nearly sixty iron-clads, all of which were of the Monitor type except three,--the huge ram Dunderberg, which was sold to the French Government, and afterward called the Rochambeau; the Keokuk, which sank off Charleston, immediately after the battle of April 7th, 1863, and the converted frigate Roanoke. Of the four-teen double-turreted monitors, including the Puritan, the Onondaga, the Kalamazoo class, the Monadnock class, and the Winnebago class, only six were finished in time to take part in the war. The single-turreted monitors which saw the most service were those of the Passaic class, most of which were stationed in the South Atlantic Squadron. Besides these there were the Dictator, the nine vessels of the Canonicus class, and the twenty light
Lt.-Colonel Arthur J. Fremantle, Three Months in the Southern States, April, 1863. (search)
psized on the bar. There was a great firing of guns and squibs in the afternoon, in consequence of the news of a total defeat of the French at Puebla, with a loss of 8,000 prisoners and 70 pieces of cannon. Don Pablo, who had innocently hoisted his British flag in honor of Captain Hancock, was accused by his brother merchants of making a demonstration against the French. After dinner we called on Mr. Maloney, whose house is gorgeously furnished, and who has a pretty wife. 7th April, 1863 (Tuesday). Mr. Maloney sent us his carriage to conduct Captain Hancock, Mr. Anderson, and myself to Brownsville. We first called on Colonels Luckett and Buchel; the former is a handsome man, a doctor by profession, well informed and agreeable, but most bitter against the Yankees. We sat for an hour and a half talking with these officers and drinking endless cocktails, which were rather good, and required five or six different liquids to make them. We then adjourned to Ge
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The Confederate defense of Fort Sumter. (search)
between this garrison and that of Fort Moultrie, on the opposite side of the channel, consisting of the 1st South Carolina Infantry (regulars), commanded by Colonel William Butler. The people of the State and city were proud of the two regiments; and the Charlestonians thought of no greater pleasure for their visitors than to give them an afternoon trip down the harbor to see the dress-parade and hear the band play at Fort Sumter. The fine record of this garrison, beginning with the 7th of April, 1863, when Rear-Admiral Captain Thomas A. Huguenin in the headquarters-room, Fort Sumter, December 7, 1864. from a War-time sketch. Du Pont's attack with nine iron-clad vessels was repulsed, continued until September of the same year, when the fort, silenced by Major-General Gillmore's breaching batteries, had no further use for artillerists, and was thenceforth defended mostly by infantry. One or two companies of artillerists would serve their turns of duty, but the new garrison
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., Du Pont's attack at Charleston. (search)
o close with the enemy and force his way into the harbor the next morning, the other vessels, retiring from closer action in obedience to his signal, came near, some of them within hail. The first was the Keokuk [see p. 11], riddled like a colander, the most severely mauled ship one ever saw, and on her deck the daring and able Rhind, than whom no braver man ever commanded a ship, and who came limping forward, wounded, Bombardment of Fort Sumter and adjacent forts by the Union fleet, April 7, 1863. The monitors engaged were the Weehawken, Passaic, Montauk, Catskill, Nahant, Patapsco, and Nantucket. to tell in a few emphatic words that his ship was disabled. Then followed two or three of the monitors, their captains telling the story of disabled guns or crippled turrets. The others reported by signal. Orders were at once given to the mechanics of the squadron to work all night in repairing damages, and after dark the commanding officers, having made their ships secure, came
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The army before Charleston in 1863. (search)
es, and an ample force of skilled men to serve them. When the position was evacuated by the Confederates, February 18th, 1865, 246 guns were left behind in the several works. The James Island defenses were especially strong. They had repulsed a bold and spirited assault upon them from the Stono River side, made by forces under General H. W. Benham, on the 16th of June, 1862, and had been greatly strengthened since that time. A gallant and well-directed attack upon Fort Sumter on April 7th, 1863, by a squadron composed of nine iron-clad vessels, under command of Rear-Admiral Du Pont, had signally failed, after a sharp engagement lasting about one hour. [See p. 32.] The squadron carried 15-inch and 1-inch shell guns and 150-pounder Parrott rifles. Five of the iron-clads were reported by their respective commanders to be wholly or partly disabled in their power of inflicting injury by their guns. They had been under the concentrated fire of some of the most destructive guns of
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 6: siege of Knoxville.--operations on the coasts of the Carolinas and Georgia. (search)
on Fort Sumter, without returning any fire that might be opened on Morris Island. But a thick haze that spread over land and water, just after sunrise, obscured the more distant guides for the pilots, and the squadron lay quietly within the bar, in the main ship-channel, until little past Torpedo. the upper half of this torpedo was an empty hollow cone of tin, that acted as a buoy for the lower half, which was a mine containing about twenty pounds of gunpowder. noon the next day, April 7, 1863 when it advanced in a prescribed manner of line ahead, the Weehawken, Captain Rodgers, leading, the others following in the order named in note 3, page 192. The ships will open fire on Sumter, ran Dupont's directions, when within easy range, and will take up a position to the northward and westward of that fortification, engaging its left or northwest face [its weakest side, See notice of the character of Fort Sumter on page 118, volume I.] at a distance of from one thousand to eight
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 33: (search)
iron-clads Passaic, Patapsco and Nahant attack Fort McAllister. sinking vessels on Charleston bar as obstructions. expectations of the Navy Department from the iron-clad vessels. Admiral Dupont attacks the batteries in Charleston harbor, April 7, 1863. description of the harbor of Charleston. order of Admiral Dupont previous to attacking the forts. list of iron-clads engaged in the attack. iron-clads retire before the heavy fire of the batteries. the Keokuk disabled and afterwards sun Almost everybody admitted the value of the turret-vessels as harbor defences, but many doubted their efficiency against the earthworks of Charleston. Admiral Dupont was pressed by the Navy Department to attack the batteries, and on the 7th of April, 1863, he determined to attempt what he was far from certain would be a success, in order to carry out the wishes of the government, and meet, if possible, the public expectations. To understand the harbor of Charleston, with its intricate sho
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 47: operations of South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, under Rear-admiral Dahlgren, during latter end of 1863 and in 1864. (search)
gh, Nahant. Sept. 6. Wagner and Gregg Ironsides, Weehawken, Montauk, Passaic, Patapsco, Nahant, Lehigh. Sept. 7. Batteries on Sullivan's Island Ironsides, Patapsco, Lehigh, Nahant, Montauk, Weehawken. Sept. 8. Batteries on Sullivan's Island Ironsides, Nahant, Patapsco, Lehigh, Montauk, Weehawken. Service of iron-clads: South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. Shots fired and hits received by them during operations against Morris Island: Vessels No. of shots fired. Hits. Hits Apr. 7, 1863. Hits at Ogeechee. Total hits. 15-in. 11-in. Catskill 138 425 86 20   106 Montauk 301 478 154 14 46 214 Lehigh 41 28 36     36 Passaic 119 107 90 35 9 134 Nahant 170 276 69 36   105 Patapsco 178 230 96 47 1 144 Weehawken 264 633 134 53   187 Nantucket 44 155 53 51   104 Ironsides   4439 164     164 Totals 1255 6771 882 256 56 1194   No. of shots fired. Weight of projec. fired in tons. By Ironsides 4,439 288 1/2 11-in. by Monitors 2,332 1
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 1, chapter 14 (search)
n that he had lost an opportunity, which cost him and us six months extra-hard work, for we might have captured Vicksburg from the direction of Oxford in January, quite as easily as was afterward done in July, 1863. General Grant's orders for the general movement past Vicksburg, by Richmond and Carthage, were dated April 20, 1863. McClernand was to lead off with his corps, McPherson next, and my corps (the Fifteenth) to bring up the rear. Preliminary thereto, on the night of April 16th, seven iron-clads led by Admiral Porter in person, in the Benton, with three transports, and ten barges in tow, ran the Vicksburg batteries by night. Anticipating a scene, I had four yawl-boats hauled across the swamp, to the reach of the river below Vicksburg, and manned them with soldiers, ready to pick up any of the disabled wrecks as they floated by. I was out in the stream when the fleet passed Vicksburg, and the scene was truly sublime. As soon as the rebel gunners detected the Benton, whic
Doc. 158.-bombardment of Fort Sumter, April 7, 1863. off Charleston harbor, on board flag-ship New Ironsides, Wednesday, April 8, 1863. The sun has just gone down in Charleston harbor on what it is surely on straining of terms to call tire most extraordinary contest in the annals of warfare. Distressing though it be to write tidings which will carry pain and humiliation to the heart of the nation to read, it only remains to tell you that this fleet of iron-clads has measured its strength against Fort Sumter and the works that flank the entrance to Charleston harbor, and that it has withdrawn from the contest discomfited. Estimated in the terms of time the trial was brief; but it was decisive. An ordeal of two hours served to prove that tire defensive powers of tire iron fleet were insufficient to withstand the terrible force of the offensive enginery of the works it had to assail, while the limitations in the offensive powers of the iron-clads took away all the advan
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