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The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), The Exchange of prisoners. (search)
rial, because General Orders No. 49 and No. 100 declared that if a parole was not approved, the party giving it was bound to return and surrender himself as a prisoner of war. General Order No. 49 contained also this language, to wit: His own government cannot at the same time disown his own engagement, and refuse his return as a prisoner. I then thought and still think these were honest words. The date of General Order No. 49 was February 28th, 1863, that of General Order No. 100 was April 24th, 1863, and that of General Order No. 207 was July 3d, 1863. It thus appears that the Confederate Government was willing to recede from former practice, and only insisted that the matter of paroles on both sides should be determined by the United States general order in force when the paroles were given. Was not this fair? Ought it not to have been acceptable to the United States? Yet they did not consent. It may be asked why? It was because, according to the express provision of Gene
Lt.-Colonel Arthur J. Fremantle, Three Months in the Southern States, April, 1863. (search)
up at 8.15, making a desperate effort to keep up with us, and this rivalry between Sargent and him was of great service. This was our last night of camping out, and I felt almost sorry for it, for I have enjoyed the journey in spite of the hardships. The country through which I have passed would be most fertile and productive (at least the last 150 miles), were it not for the great irregularity of the seasons. Sometimes there is hardly any rain for two and three years together. 24th April, 1863 (Friday). We made a start at 4.15 A. M., and with the assistance of McCarthy, we managed to lose our way; but at 6.15 a loud cheer from the box, of Hoorraw for h-ll! who's afraid of fire? proclaimed that Mr. Sargent had come in sight of Grey's ranch. After buying some eggs and Indian corn there, we crossed the deep bed of the river San Antonio. Its banks are very steep and picturesque. We halted immediately beyond, to allow the mules to feed for an hour. A woman was murd
September 21. Twenty-one persons, exiled for various degrees and offences of disloyalty, accompanied by nine ladies, who went by permission of the War Department to rejoin their families, permanently residing at the South, left St. Louis, Mo., in charge of Captain Edward Lawler, of the First Missouri infantry. They were sent within the rebel lines in accordance with orders of the National War Department, of April twenty-fourth, 1863.--James M. Mason, the rebel commissioner in England, informed Earl Russell, at the Court of St. James's, that his commission was at an end, and that he was ordered by Jefferson Davis to remove from the country.--the British schooner Martha Jane, was captured by the gunboat Fort Henry's tender Annie, off Bayport, Florida. The revenue steamer Hercules, while lying off the Virginia shore, was attacked by a large party of rebel guerrillas, but they were driven off after a fight of about twenty minutes, without inflicting any serious damage to the
Washington, April 24, 1863. Intelligence was received here to-day of an important arrest at Falmouth, the headquarters of the army of the Potomac. No doubt has existed for a long time that the rebels have had some secret means of knowing every thing that transpired within our lines, and that such information was instantaneously conveyed. The orders for recent movements had not reached the circumference of the military circle formed by our army before the pickets on the opposite bank were calling out, in mocking tones: How are you, Yank? An't those eight days rations mouldy yet? These facts have caused the deepest anxiety at headquarters, as, until now, the means adopted by the rebels have baffled the vigilance and labor expended to detect them. General Patrick, the Provost-Marshal of the army of the Potomac, was, however, determined that the secret should be brought to light. The guards stationed along the river-bank, and in situations favorable for signals, have been cons
it would be inadequate to meet the requirements of the public service. The urgency of the need was such, however, that, after great embarrassment, and more than three months of assiduous labor, you succeeded in framing the law of the twenty-fourth April, 1863, by which you sought to reach, so far as was practicable, every resource of the country, except the capital invested in real estate and slaves, and by means of an income-tax and a tax in kind on the product of the soil, as well as by liction of the farms, the destruction of the agricultural implements, the burning of the houses, and the plunder of every thing movable. Its whole aspect is a comment on the ethics of the general order issued by the United States on the twenty-fourth of April, 1863, comprising instructions for the government of armies of the United States in the field, and of which the following is an example: Military necessity admits of all direct destruction of life or limb of armed enemies, and of other
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 10. (ed. Frank Moore), Doc. 62.-Hoisting the Black flag — official correspondence and reports. (search)
xpect none. If you observe the rules of civilized warfare, and treat our prisoners in accordance with the laws of war, your prisoners will be treated as they ever have been, with kindness. If you depart from these principles, you may expect such retaliation as the laws of war justify. That you may know what the laws of war are, as understood by my government, I beg leave to enclose a copy of General Orders No. 100 from the War Department Adjutant-General's Office, Washington, April twenty-four, 1863. I have the honor to be, sir, Very respectfully yours, C. C. Washburn, Major-General. General Lee to General Washburn. headquarters Department Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisian, Meridian, June 28, 1864. Major-General C, C. Washburn, commanding Federal Forces at Memphis, Tennessee: General: I am in receipt of your letter of the seventeenth inst, and have also before me the rely of Major-General Forrest thereto. Though that reply is full, and is approved by m
the Department of War, which issued orders for the care of prisoners. The army regulations provided, in a general way, for the prisoners taken by the Federals, but the circulars of instruction issued from the office of the commissary-general of prisoners formed the basis for most of the rules of the separate prisons. Later, the distinguished publicist, Francis Lieber, was selected to draw up rules for the conduct of armies in the field. These were published as General Orders No. 100, April 24, 1863, and constitute a long and minute code, including regulations for prisoners. The only general legislation of the Confederate Congress during the whole period of the war was an act approved May 21, 1861. It reads as follows: An act relative to prisoners of war approved, May 21, 1861 The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, That all prisoners of war taken, whether on land or at sea, during the pending hostilities with the United States shall be transferred b
62. Beatty, John, Nov. 29, 1862. Biddle, Chas. J., Aug. 31, 1861. Bidwell, D. D., Aug. 11, 1864. Blenker, Louis, Aug. 9, 1861. Bohlen, Henry, April 28, 1862. Boyle, J. T., Nov. 4, 1861. Bragg, Edw. S., June 25, 1864. Bramlette, T. E., April 24, 1863. Briggs, Henry S., July 17, 1862. Brown, Egbert B., Nov. 29, 1862. Buckingham, C. P., July 16, 1862. Burbridge, S. G., June 9, 1862. Burnham, H., April 27, 1864. Bustee, Rich., Aug. 7, 1862. Campbell, C. T., Nov. 29 1862. Campbell, 861. Wade, M. S., Oct. 1, 1861. Wagner, Geo. D., Nov. 29, 1862. Wallace, W. H. L., Mar. 21, 1862. Ward, John H. H., Oct. 4, 1862. Weber, Max, April 28, 1862. Weed, Stephen H., June 6, 1863. Welsh, Thomas, Mar. 13, 1863. Wild, Edw. A., April 24, 1863. Williams, D. H., Nov. 29, 1862. Williams, Thos., Sept. 28, 1861. Wistar, Isaac, Nov. 29, 1862. Brigadier-generals, U. S. Volunteers (by Brevet) Abbott, Ira C., Mar. 13, 1865. Abbott, J. C., Jan. 5, 1865. Abert, Wm. S., Mar. 13, 186
ns, and of a head of a family having property worth less than five hundred dollars. An act was passed for the sequestration of the property of alien enemies, as a retaliatory measure, to offset the confiscation act of the United States. On April 24, 1863, a new act was passed relative to internal or direct taxes. It was designed to reach, as far as practicable, every resource of the country except the capital invested in real estate and slaves, and, by means of an income tax and a tax in kin property of the country would be as unfair to the owners of the remaining third as it would be inadequate to meet the requirements of the public service. The urgency of the need, however, was such that, after great embarrassment, the law of April 24, 1863, above mentioned, was framed. Still, a very large proportion of these resources was unavailable for some time, and, the intervening exigencies permitting of no delay, a resort to further issues of treasury notes became unavoidable. The fo
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Battles, Louisiana, 1863 (search)
mineMAINE--28th Infantry (Detachment). April 20: Capture of Butte la RoseU. S. Gunboats "Estrella," "Clifton," "Arizona" and "Calhoun." April 21-26: Exp. from Opelousas to Barre LandingMAINE--1st Battery Light Arty. (Section). NEW YORK----162d Infantry. LOUISIANA--1st Cavalry, Company "F." April 22: Skirmishes, Bayou Boeuf and near WashingtonLOUISIANA--1st Cavalry (Co. "F"). Union loss, 1 killed, 1 missing. Total, 2. April 22-23: Exp. to Bayou PlaquemineWISCONSIN--4th Mounted Infantry. April 24: Exp. to Lake St. Joseph(No Reports.) April 25-29: Exp. from Perkins' Plantation to Hard Times LandingILLINOIS--2d Cavalry (Detachment). INDIANA--49th Infantry (Detachment). MICHIGAN--Battery "G" 1st Light Arty. (Section). OHIO--114th Infantry (Detachment). April 26: Skirmishes, Phelps' and Clark's BayousILLINOIS--2d Cavalry (Detachment). INDIANA--49th Infantry (Detachment). MICHIGAN--Battery "G" 1st Light Arty. (Section). OHIO--114th Infantry (Detachment). April 29-30: Exp. from Opelous
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