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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 6. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 3 3 Browse Search
Capt. Calvin D. Cowles , 23d U. S. Infantry, Major George B. Davis , U. S. Army, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph W. Kirkley, The Official Military Atlas of the Civil War 3 3 Browse Search
Joseph T. Derry , A. M. , Author of School History of the United States; Story of the Confederate War, etc., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 6, Georgia (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 3 3 Browse Search
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative 3 3 Browse Search
J. William Jones, Christ in the camp, or religion in Lee's army 3 3 Browse Search
John Dimitry , A. M., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 10.1, Louisiana (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 3 3 Browse Search
James Barnes, author of David G. Farragut, Naval Actions of 1812, Yank ee Ships and Yankee Sailors, Commodore Bainbridge , The Blockaders, and other naval and historical works, The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 6: The Navy. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 2 2 Browse Search
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 5: Forts and Artillery. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 2 2 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 11. (ed. Frank Moore) 2 2 Browse Search
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3. 2 2 Browse Search
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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 8: Civil affairs in 1863.--military operations between the Mountains and the Mississippi River. (search)
ed Pennsylvania, the Government authorized the enlistment of colored troops in the Free-labor States, as we have observed. See note 1, page 91. Congress speedily authorized July 16, 1863. the President to accept them as volunteers, and prescribed that the enrollment of the militia shall in all cases include all able-bodied male citizens, &c., without distinction of color. Yet opposition to the enlistment of negro soldiers was very strong. It was illustrated by the fact that, when, in May, 1863, the Fifty-fourth (colored) Massachusetts, which performed such gallant acts at Fort Wagner under Colonel Shaw, See page 204. was ready to start for South Carolina, the Superintendent of the Police of New York declared, in answer to a question, that they could not be protected from insult in that city, if they should attempt to pass through it. So they sailed directly from Boston for Port Royal. But there was soon a change of public sentiment on the subject there, a few months later, a
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 28: passage of the fleet by Vicksburg and capture of Grand Gulf.--capture of Alexandria, etc. (search)
ed was wrong, for every gun in the fort was rendered useless by the shot and shells from the gun-boats; only one gun could be fired and that could not be trained, owing to the destruction of its carriage. Some of the guns in the lower batteries were still intact, and these opened on the fleet. In the evening, the guns were all dismounted by the sailors and laid along the levee, where they could be shipped to Cairo. The following is a copy of a report made by T. M. Farrell, U. S. N., May, 1863: These batteries mounted one 100-pounder, two 64-pounders, two 7-inch rifles, one 30-pounder Parrott, two 30-pounder Parrotts in battery, two 20-pounder Parrotts in main magazine, three 10-pounder Parrotts on the hills. Batteries engaged by the gun-boats for five hours and thirty-five minutes, the lower battery silenced in three hours, the upper battery silenced with the exception of one gun. The Lafayette laid opposite this battery and kept the people from working until dark, when
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 31: operations of Farragut's vessels on the coast of Texas, etc. (search)
o. H. Perkins. death of Commander Abner Reed. rejoicing of the Army and Navy at New Orleans on hearing of the fall of Vicksburg and Port Hudson. General remarks. While Flag-officer Farragut was engaged in the operations before Vicksburg, down to the time when he passed the batteries at Port Hudson, many events occurred in the fleet which have not been mentioned heretofore, as it could not have been done without interrupting the narrative of current events. Farragut's command up to May, 1863, included the Mississippi River as far as Vicksburg, and all its tributaries below; also the coasts of Louisiana, Florida and Texas, extending from Pensacola on the east to the mouth of the Rio Grande, including that network of bays, streams, inlets, bayous, sounds, and island groups which extends from the mouth of the Mississippi as far west as Sabine Pass, and the difficult bars and channels leading to Galveston, Matagorda and Corpus Christi, where none but the smallest vessels could ent
torney-General, he was ultimately paid in full. And, finally, it was by Congress enacted: June 15, 1864. That all persons of color who were free on the 19th day of April, 1861, and who have been enlisted and mustered into the military service of the United States, shall, from the time of their enlistment, be entitled to receive the pay, bounty, and clothing, allowed to such persons by the laws existing at the time of their enlistment. When the 54th Massachusetts were ready, in May, 1863, to proceed to the seat of war in South Carolina, application was made in their behalf to the Chief of Police of New York for advice as to the propriety of taking that city in their route, and marching down Broadway. He responded that they could not be protected from insult and probable assault if they did so. They thereupon proceeded wholly by water to their destination. Within seven or eight months thereafter, two New York regiments of Blacks, raised by voluntary efforts mainly of the
And, when every remonstrance made by our Government or its representative against the favor shown to these privateers, not only in their construction, but throughout their subsequent career, was treated as though we had asked Great Britain to aid us against tile Confederates, when we had only required that she cease to aid unwarrantably our domestic foes, the popular sense of dishonesty and wrong was with difficulty restrained from expressing itself in deeds rather than words. Early in May, 1863, the Florida, while dodging our gunboats among the innumerable straits and passages surrounding the several West Indies, captured the brig Clarence, which was fitted out as a privateer and provided with a crew, under Lt. C. W. Read, late a midshipman in our navy. This new b<*>aneer immediately steered northward, and, sweeping, up our southern coast, captured some valuable prizes; along them, when near Cape Henry, the bark Tacony, June 12, 1863. to which Read transferred his men, and st
bility and an intrepid soldier. There was another organization, in the Army of the Potomac, known as the Iron Brigade, and it was in the same division with the Iron Brigade of the West. It was composed of the Second United States Sharpshooters, the Twenty-second, Twenty-fourth, Thirtieth, and Eighty-fourth New York, forming Hatch's (1st) Brigade, First Division, First Corps. But the Twenty-second, Twenty-fourth, and Thirtieth New York were two years regiments, and were mustered out in May, 1863, thereby breaking up the organization. The Eighty-fourth New York (14th Brooklyn) was an exceptionally fine regiment, while the other regiments in the brigade made a reputation, also, as efficient commands. It seems strange that two brigades in the same division should adopt like synonyms; but, in justice to Hatch's Brigade, it should be stated that it was the original Iron Brigade, and that Gibbon's Brigade was not known by that title until after Antietam, at which time it was so design
ments. The Eighty-seventh New York was transferred entire in September, 1862; five companies of three years men from the Thirty-eighth New York were received in May, 1863 also, the reenlisted men and recruits of the Thirty-seventh, and Seventy-fourth New York Volunteers, when those regiments returned home. While on the Peninsula,n composed mostly of regulars. It marched with them to Fredericksburg, where it participated in its first battle. When the Duryee Zouaves were mustered out, in May, 1863, the recruits of that famous regiment were transferred to the One Hundred and Forty-sixth; they numbered 283 men, and were a valuable accession. In 1864, a simips were engaged. A regimental organization was not effected until January, 1863, when six companies were mustered in; the other four companies were organized by May, 1863. At Poison Springs, Ark., April, 1864, the regiment while on a forage expedition in company with the Eighteenth Iowa, one section of artillery, and a small deta
with unexpired terms, which were left at the front by the 5th, 6th, and 7th Infantry when those regiments went home, at the expiration of their term of enlistment The 2d and 10th Infantry were enlisted for two years, and were mustered out in May, 1863, just after Chancellorsville which was their last battle. The 18th Infantry became the 1st Heavy Artillery, leaving that infantry number vacant. The regiments, 16th to 20th inclusive, were organized under the second call for troops — the caanized in the State--aside from the three-months men who volunteered so promptly in April, 1861--were enlisted for two years service. All the infantry from the 1st to the 38th regiments, inclusive, were in this class, anti were mustered out in May, 1863. Hence, the losses in these regiments were smaller than in those which were recruited for a three-years term, or those which, having served their three years, reenlisted for another term and served through the war. And, yet, there were no
William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington, Chapter 15: Confederate losses — strength of the Confederate Armies--casualties in Confederate regiments — list of Confederate Generals killed — losses in the Confederate Navy. (search)
d with it a division which was merely a thing of shreds and patches. If each regiment in the preceding list had fought in no other battle than the one mentioned in connection with it, the record would still be a heroic one; but the battle mentioned was one of a score of bloody contests, in each of which the gallant command was decimated, In fact, any regiment in the American War considered itself fortunate if it could come out of a battle with no greater loss than decimation. But, in May, 1863, General Lee issued an order which has an important bearing on the subject of regimental casualties in the Confederate Army: Headquarters Army of Northern Virginia. May 14, 1863. General Orders, No. 63. The practice which prevails in the Army of including in the list of casualties those cases of slight injuries which do not incapacitate the recipients for duty, is calculated to mislead our friends, and encourage our enemies, by giving false impressions as to the extent of o
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 7 (search)
d odds of those troops, while the Federal army was crossing the Mississippi. They were thus employed in the service for which they were required, in his opinion. Lieutenant-General Pemberton says: With a moderate cavalry force at my disposal, I am firmly convinced that the Federal army under General Grant would have been unable to maintain its communications with the Mississippi; and that the attempt to reach Jackson and Vicksburg from that base would have been as signally defeated in May, 1863, as a like attempt, from another base, had, by the employment of cavalry, been defeated in December, 1862. See his report, p. 82. In its march from Bruinsburg by Port Gibson to Jackson, and thence to Vicksburg, the Federal army drew its supplies from the country; and did not in the least depend on its communications with the Mississippi. Consequently, cavalry placed on what General Pemberton regarded as its communications, would have been altogetheruseless. Major. General Van Dorn's suc
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