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The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), Morgan's Indiana and Ohio Railroad. (search)
from the six hundred thousand more who went afield in August and September, 1862. The new levies had been weeded of worthless material by a severe winter's work-guarding lines of communication, or facing the enemy under Grant, Burnside, or Rosecrans. Stone River, though a drawn battle, resulted in a considerable balance to the credit of the invader, who held the field, fortified it and kept his lines open by rail and wagon train to the Ohio river. These armies were, in short, on the 1st of June, 1863, strong in numbers, in vigorous health, full of confidence, thoroughly disciplined and splendidly equipped. Grant's Army of the Tennessee, and the Army of the Cumberland, had been reorganized into corps, and had become well used to that system. The scattered troops in Kentucky were being placed on the same basis by Burnside, who commanded the Department of the Ohio, with headquarters at Cincinnati. On the 10th of June it was announced in general orders that the army of occupation in
Lt.-Colonel Arthur J. Fremantle, Three Months in the Southern States, June, 1863. (search)
June, 1863. 1st June, 1863 (Monday). We all went to a review of General Liddell's brigade at Bellbuckle, a distance of six miles. There were three carriages full of ladies, and I rode an excellent horse, the gift of General John Morgan to General Hardee. The weather and the scenery were delightful. General Hardee asked me particularly whether Mr. Mason had been kindly received in England. I replied that I thought he had, by private individuals. I have often found the Southerners rather touchy on this point. General Liddell's brigade was composed of Arkansas troops-five very weak regiments which had suffered severely in the different battles, and they cannot be easily recruited on account of the blockade of the Mississippi. The men were good-sized, healthy, and well clothed, but without any attempt at uniformity in color or cut; but nearly all were dressed either in gray or brown coats and felt hats. I was told that even if a regiment was clothed in proper uniform by
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Army Life in a Black Regiment, chapter 14 (search)
1863; First Lt., April 16, 1863. N. G. Parker, 1st Mass. Cavalry, March, 1863; First Lt., May 5, 1863. A. H. Tirrell, 1st Mass. Cav., March 6, 1863; Resigned, July 22, 1863. A. W. Jackson, 8th Me., March 6, 1863; First Lt., Aug. 26, 1863. Henry A. Beach, 48th N. Y., April 5, 1863; First Lt., April 30, 1864. E. W. Robbins, 8th Me., April 5, 1863; First Lt., April 30, 1864. A. B. Brown, Civil Life, April 17, 1863; Resigned, Nov. 27, 1863. F. M. Gould, 3d R. I. Battery, June 1, 1863; Resigned, June 8, 1864. Asa child, 8th Me., Aug. 7, 1863; First Lt., Sept., 1865. Jerome T. Furman, 52d Pa., Aug. 30, 1863; Killed at Walhalla, S. C., Aug. 26, 1865. John W. Selvage, 48th N. Y., Sept. 10, 1863; First Lt. 36th U. S. C. T., March, 1865. Mirand W. Saxton, Civil Life, Nov. 19, 1863; Captain 128th U. S. C. T., June 25, 1864 [now Second Lt. 38th U. S. Infantry]. Nelson S. White, Dec. 22, 1863; First Lt., Sept., 1865. Edw. W. Hyde, Civil Life, May
he arrest of Vallandigham, and how Lincoln will soon make them back down. May 28, 1863. Hospital day. The wounded cheerful and doing well. I read, distributed books, and talked with them. They are always ready to be amused, or to be instructed. I have never but in one instance had an unpleasant word or look from any whom I endeavoured to treat with kindness in any way. Bible reading is always kindly received. J. J. has returned home, as usual much interested in hospital work. June 1, 1863. L. and B. went up to Mr. Marye's near Fredericksburg to-day, to visit their brother's grave. They took flowers with which to adorn it. It is a sweet, though sad office, to plant flowers on a Christian's grave. They saw my sister, who is there, nursing her wounded son. News from Vicksburg cheering. June 5th, 1863. Our household circle has been broken to-day, by Mrs. S. and her daughter B. leaving it for South Carolina. We are grieved to give them up. June 6th, 1863.
June 1, 1863. Major-General Banks, at Port Hudson, La., issued an order forbidding the passage of steamers from New York past the quarantine at New Orleans, without a special order, unless they should be mail steamers or others transporting stores for the Government. This regulation was made necessary by the continued refusal to transport the soldiers' mails, except upon inadmissible conditions. The provost-marshal was charged with the execution of the order.--an expedition into Tappahannock, Va., was made by a party of Union soldiers, who succeeded in destroying a large quantity of stores belonging to the rebels, besides carrying off a number of negroes.--Richmond Enquirer, June 6. At Philadelphia, Pa., a meeting was held to protest against the arrest of C. L. Vallandigham. Judge Ellis Lewis was appointed chairman, and speeches were made by Messrs. Bigler, Biddle, and Charles J. Ingersoll. The latter counselled obedience to the laws and the constitutional authorities, b
Doc. 57-the Yazoo expedition. Lieutenant Commanding J. G. Walker's report. United States steamer Baron De Kalb, mouth of Yazoo River, June 1, 1863. sir: I have the honor to report that I left this place on the morning of the twenty-fourth May, with the De Kalb, Forest Rose, Linden, Signal, and Petrel. I pushed up the Yazoo as speedily as possible, for the purpose of destroying the enemy's transports on that river, with the Forest Rose, Linden, and Petrel, to within about fifteen miles of Fort Pemberton, where I found the steamers John Walsh, R. J. Shankland, Golden Age, and Scotland, sunk on a bar, completely blocking it up. I remained at this point during the night, and next morning at daylight was attacked by a force of the enemy, but after a sharp fire of a few minutes they beat a hasty retreat. Our only loss was two men wounded. Returning down the Yazoo, I burned a large saw-mill, twenty-five miles above Yazoo City. At Yazoo City I landed and brought away a large
The expedition up the Yazoo. The following extracts are from a letter of an officer dated Haines's Bluff, Miss., June 1, 1863, and which to-day was received in this city: We reached here yesterday, after a week's march up between the Black and Yazoo Rivers. The object of the expedition was to destroy the resources of the country, to prevent the enemy from subsisting their armies, and to drive out any force he might have in that region, and if possible to ascertain if the enemy was concentrating in any considerable force for the purpose of raising the siege of Vicksburgh. We had six brigades, numbering something over ten thousand men. We have marched over one hundred miles in a week, during the hottest kind of weather. We destroyed all the forage, and supplies, and cotton, and drove off all the cattle, horses, and mules between the two lines for a distance of fifty miles. We met no considerable body of the enemy, and had only one or two slight skirmishes, but we ascer
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., chapter 2.15 (search)
f the weather had happened to turn cold, possibly he might have surprised Lee and gotten across the river, above Fredericks-burg, but it was a hazardous move, with the army out of confidence with its commander and the enemy elated with brilliant success. The general demoralization that had come upon us made two or three months of rest a necessity. In the course of a correspondence, relating to their several controversies with General Burnside, Franklin wrote to Halleck, under date of June 1st, 1863: I was of your opinion with regard to the honesty and integrity of purpose of General Burnside, until after his relief from the command of the Army of the Potomac. I lost all confidence in his ability at the first Fredericksburg battle. There was not a man in my command who did not believe that everything he would undertake would fail, and General Hooker informed me that that was the general feeling in his command. General Sumner's feelings were not so decided, but they were nearly so
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter V (search)
is papers with my consent, made sufficiently clear the views I then entertained upon the slavery question, and left no reasonable ground for any emancipationist to quarrel with me on that subject, however much he may have been dissatisfied with the action of the convention,—just as my letter of June 1 to the President left him no room for doubt—if, indeed, he had entertained any before—upon the question then deemed so important: headquarters, Department of the Missouri, St. Louis, June 1, 1863. J. E. Williams, Esq., Pres't Metropolitan Bank, New York. my dear Sir: Professor Bartlett has informed me of the interest you have manifested in my promotion and connection with this department, and, above all, that you have done me the kindness to assert my soundness on the important question of the day. You are right in saying that I was an anti-slavery man, though not an abolitionist, before the war. These terms have greatly changed their relative meaning since the rebellion b<
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Index (search)
Fort Monroe, 530; the struggles of his administration, 539, 540. Correspondence with: Drake, C. D., Oct. 5, 1863, 70, 71; Schofield, J. M., May 27, 1863, 68, 69; June 1, 69; June 20, 75, 76; June 22, 76; Aug. 27, 77; Aug. 28, 77-79; Sept. 30, 93; Oct. 1, 58, 88, 91-93, 98; Oct. 2, 93; Oct. 3, 94; Oct. 4, 94; Oct. 25, 101; Oct. 281-214, 217, 218; Nov. 30, 187, 220-225; Dec. 15, 265, 281; Dec. 16, 247: Thomas, J. L., Nov. 1, 1863, 102: War Department, Aug. 19, 1865, 383: Williams, J. E., June 1, 1863, 74, 75: Wilson, J. H., Nov. 29, 1864, 212; Dec. 16, 263-265 Science in the art of war, 457-460 Scott, Lieut.-Gen., Winfield, S.'s first meeting and subs Wilder, A. C., heads faction against Gen. Ewing, 80 Williams, Col., denies rumor of expulsion of Union families, 93 Williams, J. E., letter from S. to, June 1, 1863, 74, 75 Williamsport, Tenn., proposal to obstruct roads at, 211; troops ordered to Franklin from, 217 Will's Valley, military movements via, 317 Wilmi
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