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The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), The Exchange of prisoners. (search)
e Federal authorities intended to do, they were forced into the absurd position that General Order No. 207, which recognized neither paroles or a return into captivity, should be deemed to be in force before it had any existence. As an illustration in this connection of what strange things are done in time of war, I refer to a Court of Inquiry, the official proceedings of which are found in the Army and Navy official Gazette, under date of July 14th, 1863. The court was convened on June 30th, 1863, to determine whether Major Duane and Captain Michler, who had been captured and paroled on the 28th of June, 1863, by General Stuart, should be placed on duty without exchange, or be returned to the enemy as prisoners of war. The general order then in force, in its 131st paragraph, declared that if the government does not approve of the parole, the paroled officer must return into captivity. Yet the court found that the government was free to place those officers on duty without havi
Lt.-Colonel Arthur J. Fremantle, Three Months in the Southern States, June, 1863. (search)
General Pickett commands one of the divisions in Longstreet's corps. McLaws, Hood, and Pickett, are the three divisional com-manders or major-generals in Longstreet's corps d'armee. He wears his hair in long ringlets, and is altogether rather a desperate looking character. He is the officer who, as Captain Pickett of the U. S. army, figured in the difficulty between the British. and United States in the San Juan Island affair, under General Harney, four or five years ago. 30th June, 1863 (Tuesday). This morning, before marching from Chambersburg, General Longstreet introduced me to the Commander-in-chief. General Lee is, almost without exception, the handsomest man of his age I ever saw. He is fifty-six years old, tall, broad-shouldered, very well made, well set up-a thorough soldier in appearance; and his manners are most courteous and full of dignity. He is a perfect gentleman in every respect. I imagine no man has so few enemies, or is so universally esteemed.
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 5. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), A review of the First two days operations at Gettysburg and a reply to General Longstreet by General Fitz. Lee. (search)
ving each left a brigade at Emmettsburg. General Humphreys, in a private letter to me, says Birney reached Gettysburg about sunset the first day, leaving one brigade at Emmettsburg — with Birney there were probably 4,500, and at Emmettsburg 1,500. My division (Second division Third corps) reached the ground towards midnight of July 1st, leaving one brigade at Emmettsburg — with me there were about 4,000, and at Emmettsburg about 1,200. The return of the Third corps for the 30th of June, 1863, gives officers and enlisted men, infantry, present for duty 11,942; but there were less than 11,000 present at the battle. My impression is that the corps did not exceed 10,000 present on the ground. These four brigades of the Third corps lay a little west of the crest of the ridge. The crest proper was held by Geary's division of the Twelfth corps from the night before, but about this time they began to move over to Culp's Hill, where they formed on a prolongation of Wadsworth'
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 5. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Colonel Taylor's reply to the Count of Paris. (search)
fficers and enlisted men, present for duty. Compare our 67,000 to their 100,000 or 105,000, or compare our 74,000 to their 115,000; but do not compare our maximum 74,000 with their minimum 95,000. Yours, truly, W. H. Taylor. P. S. In an article contributed to the Weekly Times of Philadelphia, March 10th, General Humphreys, U. S. A., rather confirms my estimate of the strength of the Army of the Potomac at Gettysburg. According to his statement, the return of that army on the 30th June, 1863, showed present for duty, officers and enlisted men, 99,475. He further states that Stannard's brigade, of five regiments, and Lockwood's brigade, of two regiments, coming from the Department of Washington andi the Middle Department, joined the Army of the Potomac on the morning of the 2d of July, and consequently they were not on the return of the 30th June. Two regiments of Stannard's brigade went to the main trains, and three joined the First Corps. His regiments are stated on good
Doc. 11.-evacuation of Winchester. Major-General Milroy's report. Baltimore, June 30, 1863. Colonel: I have been compelled by the exigencies of public duties connected with my late command to defer until this time a report of the recent operations about Winchester. Having no reports from brigade commanders and not even an opportunity of conferring with them, I am still unable to give a detailed report. A sense of duty to myself and to the officers and soldiers which I had the honor to command requires that I should submit some general statements. I occupied Winchester with my command on the twenty-fifth of December last, and continued in its occupancy until Monday morning, the fifteenth instant, when, for reasons which will appear in the sequel of this report, I was compelled to evacuate it. When I first occupied Winchester, the valley of the Shenandoah, from Staunton to Strasburgh, was occupied by the rebel General Jones, with a force variously estimated at from fi
ed must be our apology, if any be needed, for saying that we fully concur in this reply, and believe it to be in entire harmony with the views and sentiments of the meeting referred to. We are, with great respect, very truly yours, Albany, June 30, 1863. Erastus Corning, President. Eli Perry, John Tayler Cooper, Peter Monteath, Peter Gansevoort, Wm. S. Paddock, James B. Sanders, H. W. Mcclellan, L. M. Rodgers, Alanson Sumner John Niblock, John I. Burton, B. P. Staats, James D. Wasson, Stephef it cannot with approval. We are, sir, with great respect, yours very truly, John V. L. Pruyn, Chairman of Committees. James Kidd, Gilber C. Davidson, J. V. P. Quackenbush, Wm. A. Fassett, O. M. Hungerford, John Hogan, Henry Lansing, S. Hand, M. K. Cohen, John Cutler, C. Van Benthuysen, George H. Thacher, C. W. Armstrong, William Doyle, Franklin Townsend, Wm. Appleton, B. R. Spilman, James McKown, A. H. Tremain, Daniel Shaw, W. Simon, A. E. Stimson, Isaac Lederer. Albany, June 30, 1863.
oil. Let no one refuse to arm who will not be able to justify himself before man and God in sight of a desolated hearth or of a dishonored family. Alexander Henry, Mayor of Philadelphia. Exploit at McConnellsburgh McConnellsburgh, June 30, 1863. I take advantage of to-day's mail (the first that has gone north for many days, and perhaps the last that will go for many more) to inform you of the particulars of the brilliant affair that came off in our streets yesterday. Captain Jonankees were concealed in the houses, and ordered them all to be searched; but, finding themselves mistaken, they returned to their camp, feeling very little better than they had in the morning. W. General early's address. York, Pa., June 30, 1863. To the Citizens of York: I have abstained from burning the railroad buildings and car-shops in your town, because after examination I am satisfied that the safety of the town would be endangered, and, acting in the spirit of humanity whic
Doc. 86.-martial law in Baltimore. General Sohenck's Proclamation. headquarters Middle Department, Eighth army corps, Baltimore, June 30, 1863. the immediate presence of a rebel army within this Department and in the State of Maryland requires, as a military necessity, a resort to all the proper and usual means of defence and security. This security is to be provided against known hostilities, and opposition to the lawful and National Government, from every quarter and in every fmal condition of a country at peace, and a Government sustained by a united and loyal people. Robert C. Schenck, Major-General Commanding. Orders under martial law. headquarters Middle Department, Eighth army corps, Baltimore, Md., June 30, 1863. Orders.--Until further orders, no arms or ammunition shall be sold by any dealer or other person within the city and county of Baltimore without a permit from the General commanding the Military Deparment, or from such officer as shall be
Doc. 88.-General Willcox's order against secret societies. Headquarters District of Indiana and Michigan, Department of the Ohio, Indianapolis, June 30, 1863. the peace of Indiana has lately been disturbed by violence, murder, and other acts contrary to law, and having their origin in certain secret political societies, clubs, or leagues. The common safety now demands that all such associations should be discontinued, no matter to what political party they may belong. They are a constant source of dread and mistrust — they divide and provoke hostility between neighbors, weaken the dignity and power of courts of justice, expose the country to martial law, and discourage the people from enlisting in defence of the nation. No matter how honest or worthy may have been the reason for such societies in the beginning, their very secrecy and the oaths they impose do enable wicked men to use them unto unlawful ends, and pervert them into public nuisances. All good objects
judgment beforehand. The great and free people of the North, East, and West will not stand this humbugging any longer! You must conquer Lee or resign! Do you hear this? The people have given you all the guns, ammunition, ships, and money that you can use. They expect and require that you will concentrate all the troops within five hundred miles of Lee's army within the next ten days (as you easily can) and plunge them at Lee on a given day, and the work is done. Unless you do this, you and the nation are undone. P. S.--If you had hung Vallandigham (as you ought to have done) and sent him to be Governor of the copperheads in the infernal regions, you would not have been troubled by the traitorous, cowardly, miserable sneaks and poltroons, who are boring you about him; and who, when they visit Washington, should be impressed into the service of the Government, which they are endeavoring to overthrow — and all the people would say, Amen! one of the people. New-York, June 30, 1863
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