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lemen of Ohio to so define their position as to be of immense value to the army, thus more than compensating for the consequences of any mistake in allowing Mr. Vallandigham to return, so that on the whole the public safety will not have suffered by it. Still, in regard to Mr. Vallandigham and all others, I must hereafter, as heretofore, do so much as the public safety may seem to require. I have the honor to be respectfully yours, etc. A. Lincoln. The Rejoinder. New-York City, July 1, 1863. To His Excellency the President of the United States: sir: Your answer to the application of the undersigned for a revocation of the order of banishment of Clement L. Vallandigham requires a reply, which they proceed, with as little delay as practicable, to make. They are not able to appreciate the force of the distinction you make between the Constitution and the application of the Constitution, whereby you assume that powers are delegated to the President at the time of invasion
Rebel letters written on Northern soil. Hanover, Pa., July 1, 1863.--The rebel cavalry left this vicinity last evening or this morning, and passed on by the way of Duke's Mill, Jefferson, and Seven Valleys. The following correspondence from rebel soldiers to their friends in Dixie was captured this morning: York, Pa., June 20, 1863. --I arrived here yesterday, about eight P. M., finding General Early with his headquarters at the Court-House. York was surrendered by the authorities without a struggle, and ere this reaches you we expect to witness the fall of Harrisburgh. There was a small fight at or this side of Columbia Bridge yesterday, which resulted in driving the Yankees across the river, when they fired the bridge and burned it. The boys are a jovial set of fellows, confident of being able to take Philadelphia. York, Pa., June 29, 1863. --The rebels arrived here yesterday and took possession, and now hold this place. I, by strategic movements, brought up the
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Lee's right wing at Gettysburg. (search)
our counsel even on the 3d, and had moved around the Federal left, how different all might have been. The only thing Pickett said of his charge was that he was distressed at the loss of his command. He thought he should have had two of his brigades that had been left in Virginia; with them he felt that he would have broken the line. While I was trying to persuade General Lee to turn the Federal left on the 1st of July, Halleck telegraphed Meade as follows: Washington, D. C., July 1st, 1863. The movements of the enemy yesterday indicate his intention to either turn your left, or to cover himself by the South Mountain and occupy Cumberland Valley. Do not let him draw you too far to the east. Again on the same day: . . . Your tactical arrangements for battle seem good, so far as I can judge from my knowledge of the character of the country; but in a strategic view, are you not too far east, and may not Lee attempt to turn your left and cut you off from Frederick?
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The great charge and artillery fighting at Gettysburg. (search)
r-General, C. S. A. The Reserve Artillery of Longstreet's corps, in the Gettysburg campaign, consisted of the Washington Artillery of New Orleans, then under Major Eshleman, nine guns, and my own battalion of twenty-six guns. Besides these, the artillery of the corps comprised Cabell's, Henry's, and Dearing's battalions of eighteen guns each. The latter battalions were usually attached, on the march, respectively to McLaws's, Hood's, and Pickett's divisions of infantry. On the first of July, 1863, the Reserve Artillery was encamped near Greenwood, and we had no idea that the great battle of the campaign had already opened about eighteen miles away. Early in the night, however, rumors reached us that Hill's corps had been heavily engaged, and that Ewell's had come to his assistance; that the enemy had been driven some distance, but had finally made a stand in a very strong position. These rumors were soon followed by orders for the artillery to march at 1 o'clock for the front
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The opposing forces at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1st-3d, 1863. (search)
The opposing forces at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1st-3d, 1863. The composition, losses, and strength of each army as here stated give the gist of all the data obtainable in the Official Records. K stands for killed; w for wounded; m w for mortally wounded; m for captured or missing; c for captured. The Union army. Army of the Potomac--Major-General George G. Meade. Staff loss: w, 4. Command of the Provost Marshal General, Brig.-Gen. Marsena R. Patrick: 93d N. Y., At Taneytown and not engaged in the battle. Lieut.-Col. Benjamin C. Butler; 8th U. S., At Taneytown and not engaged in the battle. Capt. Edwin W. H. Read: 2d Pa. Cav., Col. R. Butler Price; E and I, 6th Pa. Cav., Capt. James Starr; Detachments 1st, 2d, 5th and 6th, U. S, Cav. Guards and Orderlies: Oneida (N. Y.) Cav., Capt. Daniel P. Mann. Artillery, See artillery brigades attached to army corps and the reserve. Brig.-Gen. Henry J. Hunt. U. S. Engineer Battalion, Capt. George H. Mendell. First Army
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 2: Lee's invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania. (search)
the Chambersburg turnpike, west of Gettysburg, and Ewell was marching down from Carlisle, on the North. at the hour when Reynolds was ordered to move on Gettysburg, the advance divisions of Hill were lying within a few miles of that town, after a reconnoitering party had ventured to the crest of Seminary or Oak Ridge, only half a mile northwest of the village. That night, Buford, with six thousand cavalry, lay between Hill and Gettysburg, and, at about nine o'clock the next morning, July 1, 1863. he met the van of the Confederates, under General H. Heth, Hill's Corps consisted of the divisions of Heth, Pender, and Anderson, the First two containing 10,000 men each, and the last, 15,000. Longstreet's Corps followed, with McLaws's division, 12,000, in advance; Hood's, 12,000; and Pickett's, 7,000; the latter having the wagon-trains of the Confederates in charge. Two divisions of Ewell's Corps (Rodes's, 10,000 strong, and Early's, 9,000) had encamped the previous night at Heidl
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 7: the siege of Charleston to the close of 1863.--operations in Missouri, Arkansas, and Texas. (search)
ve miles from the fort, where Phillips attacked him with energy. The Confederates fled across the river with their booty, and escaped with a loss of about sixty men. Phillips's loss was about the same. Four weeks later, a train of three hundred wagons, on the way from Kansas with supplies for Fort Blunt, under a convoy of ten cavalry companies, the First Kansas (colored), Colonel J. M. Williams, eight hundred in number, and about\five hundred Indians led by Major Forman, was attacked July 1, 1863. at the crossing of the Cabin Creek, in the Indian Territory, by seven hundred Texans and some Creeks, led by a Confederate Indian chief named Standwatie. The assailants were repulsed, and fled in haste, leaving forty of their dead and nine wounded on the field. The Union loss was twenty-three. The train pressed forward, and reached Fort Blunt in safety, followed immediately afterward by General Blunt, who arrived there from Fort Scott, July 16. one hundred and, seventy-five miles dis
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 8: Civil affairs in 1863.--military operations between the Mountains and the Mississippi River. (search)
on account of greatly increased expenditures, there remained a balance of disbursements to the amount of nearly two hundred and seventy-seven million dollars, for which provision must be made; and he asked for an additional sum to meet the estimated expenditures of the Government to the close of the fiscal year, at the end of June, 1864, which would make the whole sum to be provided for, for the next eighteen months, more than nine hundred million dollars. The National debt on the first of July, 1863, was $1,098,798,181. It was estimated that at the same period In 1864 it would be $1,686,956,190. The average rate of interest on the whole debt, without regard to the varying margin between coin and notes, had been reduced from 4386 per cent., on the first of July, 1862, to 377 per cent. The important question, How is this vast sum to be provided? had to be met. The able Minister of Finance was ready with an answer. Keeping in mind the four objects in view which had controlled his a
examined the rolls of each regiment which fought at Gettysburg, and picked off, name by name, the number of those who were killed or died of wounds in that greatest of historic battles. As a result, it appears that 5,291 men lost their lives, fighting for the Union on that field. To the recapitulation of losses, as published by Mr. Kirkley in 1886, I have attached here the number of killed, as increased by those who died of wounds, three-fourths of whom died within a week. Gettysburg, July 1-3, 1863.   Killed. Wounded. Captured or Missing. Total. Killed and Died of Wounds. General Headquarters ---- 4 ---- 4 ---- 1st Army Corps 593 3,209 2,222 6,024 1,098 2d Army Corps 796 3,186 368 4,350 1,238 3d Army Corps 578 3,026 606 4,210 1,050 5th Army Corps 365 1,611 211 2,187 593 6th Army Corps 27 185 30 242 46 11th Army Corps 368 1,922 1,511 3,801 724 12th Army Corps 204 810 67 1,081 320 Cavalry Corps 90 352 407 849 152 Reserve Artillery 42 187 13 242 7
ender of Lee's Army. The cavalry were a conspicuous and attractive feature of the Grand Review at Washington, after the close of the war. Soon after that event, most of the regiments were mustered out of service. Among the heavy losses of the cavalry the following casualties are worthy of note; they indicate clearly the hard fighting done by this arm of the service.   Killed. Wounded. Captured and Missing. Total. Beverly Ford, Va., June 9, 1863 81 403 382 866 Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-4, 1863 90 352 407 849 Gettysburg campaign, June 12--July 24, not including Gettysburg 219 866 1,471 2,556 Brandy Station, Va., Aug. 1, 1863 21 104 20 145 Mine Run, Va., Nov. 26--Dec. 2, 1863 28 119 77 224 Wilderness, Va., May 5-7, 1864 97 416 197 710 Hawes' Shop, Old Church, Ashland, Aenon Church, Va., etc., May 25-30, 1864 110 450 96 656 Cold Harbor, Va., May 31--June 6, 1864 51 328 70 449 Sheridan's First Expedition, Va., May 9-24, 1864, Beaver Dam Station, Yellow Tav
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