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Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 10. (ed. Frank Moore) 5 5 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: July 20, 1863., [Electronic resource] 4 4 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 30. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 4 4 Browse Search
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 9: Poetry and Eloquence. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 3 3 Browse Search
George Meade, The Life and Letters of George Gordon Meade, Major-General United States Army (ed. George Gordon Meade) 3 3 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 21. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 3 3 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 24. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 3 3 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 32. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 3 3 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume II. 3 3 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 13. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 3 3 Browse Search
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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., General Hancock and the artillery at Gettysburg. (search)
en how demoralizing it is to endure artillery fire without reply. Now, on the question thus raised, who was the better judge, General Hunt or General Hancock? Had Henry J. Hunt taken command of a brigade of infantry in 1861, had he for nearly two years lived with the infantry, marching with them, camping among them, commanding them in numerous actions, keeping close watch of their temper and spirit, observing their behavior under varying conditions and trials, I believe that by the 3d of July, 1863, he would have become one of the most capable and judicious corps commanders of the army. But in so doing he would necessarily have forfeited nearly all of that special experience which combined with his high intelligence and great spirit to make him one of the best artillerists whom the history of war has known. Certainly a service almost wholly in the artillery could not yield that intimate knowledge of the temper of troops which should qualify him, equally with Hancock, to judge wh
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The opposing forces at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1st-3d, 1863. (search)
The opposing forces at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1st-3d, 1863. The composition, losses, and strength of each army as here stated give the gist of all the data obtainable in the Official Records. K stands for killed; w for wounded; m w for mortally wounded; m for captured or missing; c for captured. The Union army. Army of the Potomac--Major-General George G. Meade. Staff loss: w, 4. Command of the Provost Marshal General, Brig.-Gen. Marsena R. Patrick: 93d N. Y., At Taneytown and not engaged in the battle. Lieut.-Col. Benjamin C. Butler; 8th U. S., At Taneytown and not engaged in the battle. Capt. Edwin W. H. Read: 2d Pa. Cav., Col. R. Butler Price; E and I, 6th Pa. Cav., Capt. James Starr; Detachments 1st, 2d, 5th and 6th, U. S, Cav. Guards and Orderlies: Oneida (N. Y.) Cav., Capt. Daniel P. Mann. Artillery, See artillery brigades attached to army corps and the reserve. Brig.-Gen. Henry J. Hunt. U. S. Engineer Battalion, Capt. George H. Mendell. First Army
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., chapter 5.69 (search)
while Bowen suggested that the Confederate army should be allowed to march out, with the honors of war, carrying their small-arms and field-artillery. This was promptly and unceremoniously rejected. The interview here ended, I agreeing, however, to send a letter giving final terms by 10 o'clock that night. I had sent word to Admiral Porter soon after the correspondence with Pemberton had commenced, so that hostilities might be stopped on First conference between Grant and Pemberton, July 3, 1863. from a sketch made at the time. Grant and Pemberton met near the tree and went aside to the earth-work, where they sat in conference. To their right is a group of four, including General John S. Bowen, C. S. A., General A. J. Smith, General James B. McPherson, and Colonel L. M. Montgomery. Under the tree are Chief-of-Staff John A. Rawlins, Assistant Secretary of War Charles A. Dana, and Theodore R. Davis, special artist, who made the above and many other sketches of the Vicksburg s
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The terms of surrender. (search)
--editors. Philadelphia, June 12, 1875. Dear Sir — I give you with pleasure my version of the interview between General Grant and myself on the afternoon of July 3, 1863, in front of the Confederate lines at Vicksburg. If you will refer to the first volume of Badeau's life of U. S. Grant, you will find a marked discrepancy bo the council and approved, was sent to General Grant under a flag of truce by the hands of Major-General J. S. Bowen, on the morning of the 3d: Vicksburg, July 3d, 1863. Major-General Grant, Commanding United States Forces near Vicksburg, Mississippi. General: I have the honor to propose to you an armistice of------hours, wit Pemberton, Lieutenant-General Commanding. In due time the following reply was handed to me: headquarters, Department of the Tennessee, near Vicksburg, July 3d, 1863. Lieutenant-General John C. Pemberton, Commanding Confederate Forces, etc. General: Your note of this date is just received, proposing an armistice for several
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 36: operations of the South Atlantic Squadron under Rear-Admiral Dahlgren, 1863.--operations in Charleston harbor, etc. (search)
second attack was preparing against the forts in Charleston harbor, and that its success required the military occupation of Morris Island, and the establishment of land batteries on that island, to assist in the reduction of Sumter, and, as this was a task requiring engineering skill of the highest ability, Brigadier-General Q. A. Gillmore was assigned to the command of the Department. General Gillmore commenced his advance upon Charleston by the movement of troops to Folly Island on July 3d, 1863, where they remained concealed as much as possible, and erected batteries to command those of the enemy on the south end of Morris Island. With the foregoing explanations, we will proceed to relate what followed, namely, the attack on the enemy's works by the Army and Navy. At 4 A. M. of July 10th, 1863, four iron-clads — the Catskill, Commander George W. Rodgers, Montauk, Commander Donald McN. Fairfax, Nahant, Commander John Downes, and the Weehawken, Commander E. R. Colhoun, pas
Owen Wister, Ulysses S. Grant, V. (search)
who have perilled their lives to open the Mississippi River for their benefit cannot be imposed upon with impunity. So Pemberton surrendered Vicksburg to Grant in a sulky temper, and proceeded to write articles proving Johnston was to blame. On the day before, the noble and defeated Lee was saying to a Confederate brother, Never mind, general, all this has been my fault: it is I that have lost this fight, and you must help me out of it the best way you can. For on the preceding day, July 3, 1863, the Union had won Gettysburg. On this day of Vicksburg's surrender, Lee began his retreat. Had two separate nations been at war, here they would have stopped. But one piece of a nation was trying to separate itself from the rest; and the rest had to follow it, and wholly crush it. This necessity was clearly seen then by no one so much as by General Grant. Off in the West by himself, his clear, strong mind had grasped it; and every blow he struck was to this end, and every counsel tha
wer before night; hostilities to remain suspended meantime. Accordingly, after conferring with his Major-Generals, Grant sent by Gen. Logan and Lt.-Col. Wilson the following letter: headquarters, Department of Tennessee, near Vicksburg, July 3, 1863. Lt.-Gen. J. C. Pemberton, commanding Confederate forces, Vicksburg, Miss.: General: In conformity with the agreement of this afternoon, I will submit the following propositions for the surrender of the city of Vicksburg, public stores, etned, however, whilst officer's are present authorized to sign the roll of prisoners. I am, General, very respectfully, Your obedient servant, U. S. Grant, Major-General. Pemberton responded as follows: headquarters, Vicksburg, July 3, 1863. Maj.-Gen. Grant, com'ding U. S. forces: General: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your communication of this (late, proposing terms for the surrender of this garrison and post. In the main, your terms are accepted; but, in j
r's ditto the Draft Riots in New York arson, devastation, and murder Gov. Seymour's speech he demands a stoppage of the Draft President Lincoln's reply the Autumn Elections the Draft adjudged valid the Government sustained by the people. unquestionably, the darkest hours of the National cause were those which separated Burnside's and Sherman's bloody repulses, at Fredericksburg Dec. 13, 1862. and Vicksburg Dec. 28. respectively from the triumphs of Meade at Gettysburg, July 3, 1863. Grant in the fall of Vicksburg, July 4. and Banks in the surrender of Port Hudson. July 9. Our intermediate and subordinate reverses at Galveston, Jan. 1, 1863. and at Chancellorsville, May 3-5, 1863. also tended strongly to sicken the hearts of Unionists and strengthen into confidence the hopes of the Rebels and those who, whether in the loyal States or in foreign lands, were in sympathy, if not also in act, their virtual allies. No one in Europe but those who ardently desi
d the rolls of each regiment which fought at Gettysburg, and picked off, name by name, the number of those who were killed or died of wounds in that greatest of historic battles. As a result, it appears that 5,291 men lost their lives, fighting for the Union on that field. To the recapitulation of losses, as published by Mr. Kirkley in 1886, I have attached here the number of killed, as increased by those who died of wounds, three-fourths of whom died within a week. Gettysburg, July 1-3, 1863.   Killed. Wounded. Captured or Missing. Total. Killed and Died of Wounds. General Headquarters ---- 4 ---- 4 ---- 1st Army Corps 593 3,209 2,222 6,024 1,098 2d Army Corps 796 3,186 368 4,350 1,238 3d Army Corps 578 3,026 606 4,210 1,050 5th Army Corps 365 1,611 211 2,187 593 6th Army Corps 27 185 30 242 46 11th Army Corps 368 1,922 1,511 3,801 724 12th Army Corps 204 810 67 1,081 320 Cavalry Corps 90 352 407 849 152 Reserve Artillery 42 187 13 242 70  
hat the number of killed is large in proportion to the number enrolled, and so credits tie regiment with a percentage of loss which tells better than any flight of rhetoric how often and how well they faced the enemy's fire. The story of the muster-out-roll is, at best, but a sad one. One is carried back to the war and surrounded by its sad pictures. In scanning the remarks attached to the names there are the ever recurring phrases which recall vividly its thrilling scenes. Killed, July 3, 1863, at Gettysburg; and one thinks of Pickett's charge, or other incidents of that historic field. Killed, May 3, 1863, at Marye's Heights; and the compiler lays down his pencil to dream again of that fierce charge which swept upward over the sloping fields of Fredericksburg. Wounded and missing, May 6, 1864, at the Wilderness, suggests a nameless grave marked, if at all, by a Government headstone bearing the short, sad epitaph, Unknown. Killed at Malvern Hill, July 11 1862; and ther
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