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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., Going to the front: recollections of a private — I. (search)
en fierce and uncompromising toward the ex-Confederates since the war. From the first I did not believe the trouble would blow over in sixty days ; Mr. Seward, speaking in New York two days after the secession of South Carolina, said: Sixty days more suns will give you a much brighter and more cheerful atmosphere. nor did I consider eleven dollars a month, The monthly pay of Union privates was: cavalry , artillery and infantry ; from August 6th, 1861, for all arms, and from May 1st, 1864, . Confederate privates received: in the cavalry and light batteries ; in the artillery and infantry ; increased June 9th, 1864, to and per month for a period of one year from that date.--editors. and the promised glory, large pay for the services of an able-bodied young man. It was the news that the 6th Massachusetts regiment had been mobbed by roughs on their passage through Baltimore which gave me the war fever. Concerning this encounter Colonel Edward F. Jones, of the 6th Mass
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), The Dalton-Atlanta operations. (search)
The Dalton-Atlanta operations. General Joseph E. Johnston. It is stated on page 24 of General Sherman's Memoirs volume II, that on the 1st of May, 1864, the strength of the three armies — of the Cumberland, of the Tennessee, and of the Ohio — with which General Sherman was about to invade Georgia, was ninety-eight thousand, seven hundred and ninety-seven men of all arms present for duty, with two hundred and fifty-four field-pieces. As the forces of the three departments furnishing these troops amounted at the time to two hundred and twenty-nine thousand, five hundred and twenty-four men present for duty (see Secretary of War's report, 1865, page 5), the strength of the invading army could have been doubled without leaving its communications insufficiently guarded. Therefore, General Sherman must have regarded the forces he assembled as ample for his object. That object was (see General Grant's letter, on page 26) to move against Johnston's army, to break it up, and to get in
if not confident; calm, if conscious of the portentous clouds lowering upon her horizon. Meanwhile, Grant, elevated to a lieutenant-generalcy, had been transferred to the Potomac frontier; and men, money, supplieswithout stint or limit-had been placed at his disposal. On the 1st February, Mr. Lincoln had called for 500,000 men; and on the 14th March for 200,000 more! General Grant, himself, testified to the absolute control given him, in a letter to Mr. Lincoln, under date of 1st May, 1864-from Culpeper C. H., which concludes: I have been astonished at the readiness with which everything asked for has been granted without any explanation being asked. Should my success be less than I desire and expect, the least I can say is, that the fault is not with you. With these unlimited resources, he was given almost unlimited power; and the jubilant North crowed as loudly as it had before Manassas, the Seven Days, or Fredericksburg. In Richmond all was quiet. The Governmen
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 31: from the Rapidan to the James. (search)
treet's corps were encamped in the rear, near Gordonsville. Grant's army (composed of the Army of the Potomac under Meade, and the 9th corps under Burnside) occupied the north banks of the Rapidan and Robinson rivers; the main body being encamped in Culpeper County and on the Rappahannock River. I am satisfied that General Lee's army did not exceed 50,000 effective men of all arms. The report of the Federal Secretary of War, Stanton, shows that the available force present for duty, May 1st, 1864, in Grant's army, was 141,166, to-wit: In the Army of the Potomac 120,386, and in the 9th corps 20,780. The draft in the United States was being energetically enforced, and volunteering had been greatly stimulated by high bounties. The Northwestern States had tendered large bodies of troops to serve one hundred days, in order to relieve other troops on garrison and local duty, and this enabled Grant to put in the field a large number of troops which had been employed on that kind of du
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 44: retreat to Fisher's Hill. (search)
s in the department of which the Middle Military division was composed the following available force present for duty May 1st, 1864, to wit: Department of Washington42,124 Department of West Virginia30,782 Department of the Susquehanna2,970 Milry from Grant's army. The infantry of the Army of the Potomac was composed of the 2nd, 5th, and 6th corps, on the 1st of May, 1864, and Stanton says the available force present for duty in that army, on that day, was 120,386 men. Allowing 30,000 f infantry; and it is fair to assume that the 6th corps numbered one-third of the infantry, that is 30,000 men on the 1st of May, 1864. If the losses of the Army of the Potomac had been such as to reduce the 6th corps to less than 10,000 men, notwps of the 6th corps and of the Department of West Virginia, alone, without counting the 19th corps, numbered on the 1st of May, 1864, 60,784. If with the 19th corps Sheridan did not have 35,000 infantry remaining from this force, what had become of
The Atlanta (Georgia) Campaign: May 1 - September 8, 1864., Part I: General Report. (ed. Maj. George B. Davis, Mr. Leslie J. Perry, Mr. Joseph W. Kirkley), chapter 3 (search)
Summary of the principal events. of some of the minor events noted in this summary no circumstantial reports are on file. All such are designated in the index. May 1, 1864.Skirmish at Stone Church. May 2, 1864.Skirmish at Lee's Cross-Roads, near Tunnel Hill. Skirmish near Ringgold Gap. May 3, 1864.Skirmish at Catoosa Springs. Skirmish at Red Clay. Skirmish at Chickamauga Creek. May 4, 1864.Maj. Gen. Frank P. Blair, jr., assumes command of the Seventeenth Army Corps. Skirmish on the Varnell's Station Road. May 5, 1864.Skirmish near Tunnel Hill. May 6-7, 1864.Skirmishes at Tunnel Hill. May 7, 1864.Skirmish at Varnell's Station. Skirmish near Nickajack Gap. May 8-11, 1864.Demonstration against Rocky Face Ridge, with combats at Buzzard Roost or Mill Creek Gap, and Dug Gap. May 8-13, 1864.Demonstration against Resaca, with combats at Snake Creek Gap, Sugar Valley, and near Resaca. May 9-13, 1864.Demonstration against Dalton, with combats near Varnell's Station (
The Atlanta (Georgia) Campaign: May 1 - September 8, 1864., Part I: General Report. (ed. Maj. George B. Davis, Mr. Leslie J. Perry, Mr. Joseph W. Kirkley), chapter 7 (search)
ficers, and the foresight displayed in providing for the necessities of service. The commissary department is instructed to provide all the antiscorbutics for which we have the means of transportation. This report will be forwarded to the War Department, along with my official report of the campaign of Atlanta. W. T. Sherman, Major-General, Commanding. Inclosure. Tabular statement of sick and wounded in the Military Division of the Mississippi for the period embraced between May 1 and September 6, 1864. Command.Received in Hospital. Total. Sent to the rear. Returned to duty. Died from— Sick. Wounded. Disease. Wounds. Army of the Cumberland: Fourth Army Corps13,4565,85219,3088,71610,30117416 Fourteenth Army Corps7,4613,97311,4347,1963,03188250 Twentieth Army Corps15,6115,37520,9868,75611,10663374 Cavalry6,6253596,9841,5165,4253927 Army of the Tennessee: Fifteenth Army Corps3,3463,3126,6585,06292844251 Sixteenth Army Corps4,2331,2035,4362,5152,43424181
The Atlanta (Georgia) Campaign: May 1 - September 8, 1864., Part I: General Report. (ed. Maj. George B. Davis, Mr. Leslie J. Perry, Mr. Joseph W. Kirkley), chapter 12 (search)
ave seen little, if any, service in the field. Accompanying this I transmit the classified returns of wounds and injuries, and the reports of the corps directors. The list of wounded will be forwarded as soon as finished. Geo. E. Cooper, Surgeon, U. S. Army, Medical Director. Asst. Adjt. Gen., Dept. of the Cumberland. Hdqrs. Department of the Cumberland, medical Director's office, Atlanta, Ga., September 15, 1864. Maj. Gen. G. H. Thomas, Comdg. Department of the Cumberland: Sir: Herewith I forward a tabular statement of casualties in the Army of the Cumberland--from May 1, 1864, to September 6, 1864. Respectfully, your obedient servant, Geo. E. Cooper, Surgeon, U. S. Army, Medical Director. Inclosure. Tabular statement of number and disposition of sick and wounded in the Army of the Cumberland, from May 1 to September 6, 1864. Zzz Geo. E. Cooper, Surg., U. S. Army, Medical Director, Dept. of the Cumberland. Atlanta, Ga., September 15, 1864.
The Atlanta (Georgia) Campaign: May 1 - September 8, 1864., Part I: General Report. (ed. Maj. George B. Davis, Mr. Leslie J. Perry, Mr. Joseph W. Kirkley), chapter 42 (search)
No. 38. report of Capt. Thomas J. Bryan, Seventy-fourth Illinois Infantry. Hdqrs. Seventy-Fourth Regt. Illinois Vol. Infty., Atlanta, Ga., September--, 1864. Colonel: In compliance with orders I have the honor to transmit the following report of the part taken by this regiment in the campaign which has just closed: The regiment, under command of Col. Jason Marsh, 384 strong, marched from Columbus, Tenn., on the 1st of May, 1864, and joined the brigade, then commanded by Col. F. T. Sherman, at Cleveland, Tenn., the following day. On the 3d of May, at 12 m., marched toward Dalton, in the course of the day passing through Red Clay, and bivouacking for the night at 6 p. m. near the Georgia line. May 4, marched at 8 a. m., camping at 4 p. m. near Catoosa Springs, where we lay until the 7th, when we marched at 5 a. m. During the day there was constant skirmishing in the advance, and little progress was made. At 1 p. m. camped near Tunnel Hill. May 8, marched at 11 a. m., a
The Atlanta (Georgia) Campaign: May 1 - September 8, 1864., Part I: General Report. (ed. Maj. George B. Davis, Mr. Leslie J. Perry, Mr. Joseph W. Kirkley), chapter 102 (search)
ose shooting, which forced the enemy to keep under cover of his works until dark, when we withdrew; lost 13 men killed and 33 wounded. At 8 a. m., May 15, were placed in second line. The enemy evacuated on the night of the 15th; moved in pursuit on the 16th. Found the enemy near Dallas, May 26. Were placed in front and skirmished with the enemy until June 2. On the night of June 5 the enemy withdrew to Lost Mountain. We were not in the front until June 17. Near Kenesaw Mountain, June 21, 1 man wounded on skirmish line; 9 p. m., were placed in second line of works. June 22, artillery firing heavy; 1 commissioned officer and 6 men wounded by shell from. the enemy's guns. July 1, 1 man killed by rebel sharpshooter. During the night of July 2 the enemy evacuated his position and retreated four miles below Marietta. The night of July 9 the enemy again withdrew across the Chattahoochee River. Camped on the opposite side of river from the enemy until July 17, when we moved acr
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