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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The treatment of prisoners during the war between the States. (search)
cartel that all prisoners should be delivered within ten days was practically nullified. The deliveries which were afterwards made were the results of special agreements. The Confederate authorities adhered to their position until the 10th of August, 1864, when, moved by the sufferings of the men in the prisons of each belligerent, they determined to abate their just demand. Accordingly, on the last named day, I addressed the following communication to Brigadier-General John E. Mulford (then Major), Assistant Agent of Exchange: Richmond, August 10, 1864. Major John E. Mulford, Assistant Agent of Exchange: Sir — You have several times proposed to me to exchange the prisoners respectively held by the two belligerents — officer for officer and man for man. The same offer has also been made by other officials having charge of matters connected with the exchange of prisoners. This proposal has heretofore been declined by the Confederate authorities, they insisting upon th
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The treatment of prisoners during the war between the States. (search)
even in the face of official insolence, until the order from the Commissary General of Prisoners, dated Washington, August 10th, 1864, cut the prisoners off from the outside world, and all hope of assistance. No more food from friends; no more flout we are strictly prohibited by circular No. 4, dated Office of Commissary General of Prisoners, Washington, D. C., August 10th, 1864, from receiving, by purchase or otherwise, vegetables or other provisions, in consequence scurvy is prevalent and oConfederate Commissioner, of course, indignantly rejected this proposition, and the subsequent correspondence until August 10th, 1864, abounds in earnest efforts on the part of Judge Ould to induce the Federal authorities to return to the cartel, ansioners. Our cause suffered nothing in the hands of our able and high-minded commissioner, Judge Ould. On the 10th of August, 1864, seeing the hopelessness of effecting further exchanges on any fair terms, Judge Ould wrote the letter (which we g
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), The Exchange of prisoners. (search)
exchanges failed, so anxious were the Confederate authorities to have some plan of relief adopted, that they instructed me to abate our just demands and accede to the offer more than once made by the Federal Agent of Exchange, to exchange officer for officer, and man for man. As the United States held the majority, this plan of operation would have released all the Federal prisoners, while a large number of Confederates would still have remained in captivity. Accordingly, on the 10th of August, 1864, I addressed the following letter to General Mulford, Assistant Agent of Exchange: You have several times proposed to me to exchange the prisoners respectively held by the two belligerents, officer for officer, and man for man. The same offer has also been made by other officials having charge of matters connected with the exchange of prisoners. This proposal has heretofore been declined by the Confederate authorities, they insisting upon the terms of the cartel, which required
to Halltown alarm in the North over the retrograde movement Renewing the advance up the Valley General Anderson's attempt to return to Petersburg strength of the armies. For a clear understanding of the operations which preceded the victories that resulted in almost annihilating General Early's army in the Shenandoah Valley, it is necessary to describe in considerable detail the events that took place prior to the 19th of September. My army marched from Harper's Ferry on the 10th of August, 1864, General Torbert with Merritt's division of cavalry moving in advance through Berryville, going into position near White Post. The Sixth Corps, under General Wright, moved by way of Charlestown and Summit Point to Clifton; General Emory, with Dwight's division of the Nineteenth Corps, marched along the Berryville pike through Berryville to the left of the position of the Sixth Corps at Clifton; General Crook's command, moving on the Kabletown road, passed through Kabletown to the vic
Robert Stiles, Four years under Marse Robert, Chapter 24: fatal mistake of the Confederate military authorities (search)
attempt was embodied in an Act of the Congress of the Confederate States, approved October 13, 1862, and several orders of the Adjutant and Inspector-General's office: No. 93, of November 22, 1862; No. 31, of October 3, 1863, and No. 64, of August 10, 1864-all to be found in War Records, Series I., Vol. XXX., Part 2, Reports, pages 532 and 533. The title of the Act is promising, and is as follows: An Act to authorize the grant of medals and badges of distinction, as a reward for courage aire scheme had been delayed a year or more because of the difficulty or expense of procuring the medals and badges, and an elective Roll of honor was the ingenious substituted device of someone to bridge over the difficulty. In the order of August 10, 1864, it was provided that: Should more than one soldier hereafter be selected by a company as equal in merit, the name to be entered upon the roll will be determined by lot. The imagination staggers at the task of picturing the scene where two
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., General Grant on the siege of Petersburg. (search)
erful Confederate battery Dansler completely commanded Trent Reach — a wide, shallow part of the James River on the north flank of the contending lines. This barred all approach toward Richmond on the part of the United States war vessels. General Butler, conceiving the idea of cutting a canal through the narrow neck of land, known as Dutch Gap, for the passage of the monitors, directed me to report on the practicability of this project. The report being favorable, ground was broken August 10th, 1864. The canal, cutting off 4 3/4 miles of river navigation, was only 174 yards long — the excavation being 43 yards wide at the top, 27 yards at water-level, and 13.5 yards at a depth of 15 feet below water-level; 31 yards deep at the north-west end and nearly 12 yards at the south-east end; the total excavation being very nearly 67,000 cubic yards. While no serious civil-engineering difficulties occurred, the troops employed were constantly subjected to a severe continuous fire, first
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 22: prisoners.-benevolent operations during the War.--readjustment of National affairs.--conclusion. (search)
have taken it. --Lee's testimony before the Joint Committee on Reconstruction. See Report, page 134. What General Lee was so ignorant of, the Confederate authorities, and everybody else were familiar with, as ample testimony shows. When the starvation plan had accomplished its work, and in all the Confederate prisons, the Union captives were generally no better for service than dead men — an army of forty thousand skeletons-Ould, the rebel Commissioner, proposed to General Butler, Aug. 10, 1864. a resumption of an exchange, man for man. The Conspirators knew how well their men had been fed in Northern prisons, and how strong and effective they were for service, It was within the province of the Committee of the United States Sanitary Commission to ascertain the condition of the Confederate prisoners in the hands of the Government. This they did, and reported uniform good treatment, ample shelter, and abundant and wholesome food everywhere. The Conspirators, to parry the te
he body while lying under his horse; he would not surrender. Thirty-seventh Wisconsin, Company C:--Sergeant William H. Green; recommended for promotion for gallantry in action, Petersburg, Va., June 17, 1864, where he was wounded in both legs, after receiving which he crawled from the field, dragging his colors with his teeth; died July 17, 1864, of wounds. Twenty-fifth Wisconsin, Company B:--Capt. W. H. Bennett; wounded and prisoner, July 22, 1864; leg amputated three times; died August 10, 1864 at Macon, Ga., of wounds. First New Jersey, Company A:---Jordan Silvers; killed on picket near Alexandria, Va., October 15, 1861. Fifth New Hampshire, Company G:--John Velon; shot for desertion near Petersburg, Va., October 28, 1864. Fifth Wisconsin, Company A:--Francis Lee; first man of regiment to reach enemy's works in assault on Petersburg, April 2, 1865. One Hundred and Twelfth Illinois, Company A:--Lorenzo Brown; kicked to death by a mule at Somerset, Ky., April 23, 18
coal-heaver performed their respective duties in a highly satisfactory manner. Respectfully, your obedient servant, G. T. Kutz, Chief Engineer. Commander J. H. strong, Commanding U. S. S. Monongahela. U. S. S. Monongahela, Mobile Bay, Aug. 10, 1864. sir: The following persons, wounded in the action of the fifth instant, were sent to the Naval Hospital at Pensacola. Lieutenant R. Prentiss, both legs, left one amputated. Michael Smith, boy, scalp. Wm. Feeney, private marine, cd of the action. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, P. Drayton, Captain. Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy, Washington, D. C. Additional report of Captain T. A. Jenkins. U. S. S. S. Richmond, inside of Mobile Bay, August 10, 1864. sir: In my report of the fifth instant, I expressed my great admiration of, and thanks for, the cool and courageous conduct of every officer and of every man serving on board of this ship, in the terrible conflict with the rebel batterie
land forces under Gen. D. H. Maury. Losses: Union, 145 killed, 170 wounded; Confed., 12 killed, 20 wounded, 280 captured. August 7, 1864: Moorefield, Va. Union, 14th Penna., 8th Ohio, 1st and 3d W. Va., and 1st N. Y. Cav.; Confed., McCausland's and Bradley T. Johnson's Cav. Losses: Union, 9 killed, 22 wounded; Confed., 100 killed and wounded, 400 missing. August 9, 1864: explosion of ammunition at city Point, Va. Losses: Union, 70 killed, 130 wounded. August 10-11, 1864: Berryville pike, Sulphur Springs bridge and White Post, Va. Union, Torbert's Cav.; Confed., Gen. Early's command. Losses: Union, 30 killed, 70 wounded, 200 missing. August 13, 1864: near Snicker's Gap, Va. Union, 144th and 149th Ohio; Confed., Gen. R. H. Anderson's command. Losses: Union, 4 killed, 10 wounded, 200 missing; Confed., 2 killed, 3 wounded. August 14-18, 1864: Strawberry plains, Va. Union, Second and Tenth Corps and Gregg's Cav.;
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