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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The treatment of prisoners during the war between the States. (search)
a pleasant sound to many who felt that their troubles were nearly ended; it seemed a prelude to the melody that awaited them in a better land. But to those who could not die, whose vitality doomed them to suffer, what a mockery the sound seemed to them; what rebellious thoughts of God's injustice took possession of their souls, and would not down while tortured with the cravings of hunger. I have realized these things. I have noted one day that I tasted no food. It was Sunday the 18th September, 1864. I was recovering from a severe attack of dysentery. I was very hungry. The church bells were ringing as I eagerly watched the great gate of the prison hoping it would open, and the bread wagon would come in, but hour after hour passed away, and there was no sign, evening came on and I gave up all hope. I had lingered near that gate all day. Hunger is delirium, and the gospel is not for the famished body. The good men who sometimes preached for us had had their breakfasts. The G
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 14: siege of Petersburg. (search)
nd of colors, nine guns and ten caissons, thirty-one hundred stand of small arms, and twenty-one hundred and fifty prisoners. General Lee's labors were incessant; as soon as one attempt on his lines failed another began. His power of endurance was great, but anxiety, fatigue, and loss of rest must make inroads. Mrs. Lee, growing uneasy for fear the great strain upon him would be too heavy, remonstrated and begged him to look more to his comfort and health. From Camp Petersburg, September 18, 1864, he replies: But what care can a man give to himself in time of war? It is from no desire of exposure or hazard that I live in a tent, but from necessity. I must be where I can speedily at all times attend to the duties of my position, and be near or accessible to the officers with whom I have to act. I have been offered rooms in the houses of our citizens, but I could not turn the dwellings of my kind hosts into a barrack, where officers, couriers, distressed women, etc., would be e
d indulge them freely. Next morning he returned to his command, after a leave-taking in which the feelings expressed by all parties evinced more of the friendship of years than the acquaintance of hours. It seems strange indeed that this scene, so similar to that of the burial of the lamented Captain Latane, should have occurred at the same place. But who could relate, who could number the sad scenes of this war? Many such have probably occurred in various parts of the country. September 18th, 1864. Nothing yet from Mr.-- about our rooms. All the furnished rooms that I have seen, except those, would cost us from $100 to $110 per month for each room, which, of course, we cannot pay; but we will try and not be anxious overmuch, for the Lord has never let us want comforts since we left our own dear home, and if we use the means which He has given us properly and in His fear, He will not desert us now. I went with Mr.--as usual this morning to the Officers' hospital, where h
The Atlanta (Georgia) Campaign: May 1 - September 8, 1864., Part I: General Report. (ed. Maj. George B. Davis, Mr. Leslie J. Perry, Mr. Joseph W. Kirkley), chapter 9 (search)
No. 5. report of Capt. Thomas G. Baylor, ordnance Corps, U. S. Army, Chief of ordnance. Hdqrs. Military Division of the Mississippi, office of Chief of ordnance, Atlanta, Ga., September 18, 1864. Sir: I have the honor to inclose herewith a list of ordnance and ordnance stores captured by and from the enemy, together with a list of ammunition expended in the campaign, from May 4 to September 8, 1864. The expenditures of ammunition were quite large, still at no time during the campaign, notwithstanding the several interruptions of our railroad communications, were we without a good supply. Great credit is due Lieut. Col. G. W. Schofield, chief of ordnance, Army of the Ohio; Capt. D. H. Buel, chief of ordnance, Army of the Tennessee; Lieut. O. E. Michaelis, acting chief of ordnance, Army of the Cumberland, and Capts. E. F. Townsend, S. H. Hogan, and S. W. Armstrong, in charge of ordnance depots, for zeal and efficiency in the discharge of their duties. Capt. D. H. Bue
The Atlanta (Georgia) Campaign: May 1 - September 8, 1864., Part I: General Report. (ed. Maj. George B. Davis, Mr. Leslie J. Perry, Mr. Joseph W. Kirkley), chapter 15 (search)
No. 11. report of Maj. Gen. Oliver O. Howard, U. S. Army, commanding Fourth Army Corps, of operations May 1-July 27, 1864. Hdqrs. Department and Army of the Tennessee, September 18, 1864. General: Having been assigned by the President of the United States, I assumed command of the Fourth Army Corps April 10, 1864. One division, Major-General Stanley's, was stationed, two brigades at Blue Springs, and one at Ooltewah; the Second Division, then under command of Brigadier-General Wagner, was at Loudon, and the Third Division, General Wood's, was still in the Department of the Ohio, near Knoxville. My first duty was to concentrate the corps near Cleveland. This was effected by the 25th of April. About one week's time was given to refit and prepare for the field. A portion of the command had just completed a trying winter campaign in East Tennessee, and was quite badly off in many respects, from shortness of transportation, clothing, and other supplies. The animals, in Ge
The Atlanta (Georgia) Campaign: May 1 - September 8, 1864., Part I: General Report. (ed. Maj. George B. Davis, Mr. Leslie J. Perry, Mr. Joseph W. Kirkley), chapter 17 (search)
No. 13. report of Surg. J. Theodore heard, U. S. Army, medical Director. headquarters Fourth Army Corps, medical Director's office, September 18, 1864. Sir: I have the honor to submit the following brief report of such points as relate to the operations of the medical department of this corps during the recent campaign : The Fourth Army Corps participated in all the movements, skirmishes, and battles in which the Army of the Cumberland was engaged. It moved from Cleveland, Tenn., on the 3d day of May, and on the 4th of that month encountered the cavalry pickets of the rebel army near Catoosa Springs, and formed connection with the other corps of the Army of the Cumberland at that point. From that time until the 7th of the present month it was engaged in a series of skirmishes and battles, the most prominent of which are Tunnel Hill, Buzzard Roost, Resaca, Calhoun, Adairsville, Kingston, Dallas, Kenesaw, and Atlanta. The system of brigade hospitals was abolished at
The Atlanta (Georgia) Campaign: May 1 - September 8, 1864., Part I: General Report. (ed. Maj. George B. Davis, Mr. Leslie J. Perry, Mr. Joseph W. Kirkley), chapter 61 (search)
No. 57. report of Lieut. Col. James M. Graham, Eighth Kansas Infantry, of operations June 28-September 8. Hdqrs. Eighth Kansas Volunteer Infantry, Near Atlanta, Ga., September 18, 1864. Sir: In accordance with circular orders dated headquarters First Brigade, Third Division, Fourth Army Corps, September 9, 1864, I have the honor to make the following report of the part taken by the Eighth Regiment Kansas Veteran Volunteers in the Date campaign against Atlanta: The regiment returned from veteran furlough and joined the brigade at Kenesaw Mountain June 28, 1864, and was with the brigade during all the marches, skirmishing, and fighting from that time until the end of the campaign. The regiment did no special service during the campaign, but with the Lrigade did its regular turns of skirmishing, picketing, fatigue, and such other duties as were required of it. The regiment assisted the brigade in building nine lines of breast-works during the campaign, and was fifty-nine d
The Atlanta (Georgia) Campaign: May 1 - September 8, 1864., Part I: General Report. (ed. Maj. George B. Davis, Mr. Leslie J. Perry, Mr. Joseph W. Kirkley), chapter 109 (search)
No. 105. reports of Capt. Robert P Barry, Sixteenth U. S. Infantry. camp Sixteenth U. S. Infantry, Atlanta, Ga., September 18, 1864. Captain: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of the Sixteenth U. S. Infantry during the Atlanta campaign, 1864: The command-consisting of the First Battalion, commanded by Captain Stanton, and the Second, Captain Barry-left Graysville, Ga., May 3, about 500 strong, all under command of Captain Stanton, and proceeded to Ringgold, Ga., leaving that place the 7th and marching to Buzzard Roost, Ga., where forty-five recruits and four officers joined us. Took part in the action of that place, losing only a few men. On the 12th May we moved through Snake Creek Gap, and on the advance from there left the knapsacks of the men, an unfortunate act, as it was the cause of much future suffering from exposure by the men. Took part in the movements on Resaca May 14, 15, and 16, and on its evacuation marched to Kingston
The Atlanta (Georgia) Campaign: May 1 - September 8, 1864., Part I: General Report. (ed. Maj. George B. Davis, Mr. Leslie J. Perry, Mr. Joseph W. Kirkley), chapter 112 (search)
by Lieutenant Bisbee, adjutant detachment), and marked D Omitted.; fifth, report of casualties among commissioned officers and enlisted men, by name, during the campaign, and marked E. Omitted. All which is respectfully submitted. R. B. Hull, Captain, Eighteenth U. S. Infantry, Comdg. Detachment. Capt. William J. Fetterman, Actg. Asst. Adjt. Gen., 2d Brig., 1st Div., 14th Army Corps. supplemental report. Hdqrs. detachment Eighteenth Infantry, Camp near Atlanta, Ga., September 18, 1864. The surgeons who served with the detachment Eighteenth Infantry during the campaign were Edward J. Darken, assistant surgeon, U. S. Army, and William T. Sherwood, acting assistant surgeon, U. S. Army. Dr. Darken served with the First Battalion until relieved, July 16. Dr. Sherwood served with Second Battalion until July 16, and from that time was the only surgeon with the detachment. He served during the whole campaign. Both surgeons remained with the troops while on the march,
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 4. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Leading Confederates on the battle of Gettysburg. (search)
acked and been compelled to withdraw. I am very far from intending to reflect in the slightest degree on General Rodes, of whom I had a very high appreciation as a man and a soldier, and to whose skill, gallantry and efficiency I have borne the fullest testimony when speaking of his unfortunate death in a most brilliant charge, under my command, against vastly superior numbers. He was new in his position of division commander at Gettysburg, but when killed at Winchester, on the 18th of September, 1864, he had learned to be less sensitive about his flanks, and would not at that day have given such an explanation of his failure to co-operate in an attack similar to that made by Johnson and myself at Gettysburg. When Ewell's order was received I prepared for the attack by issuing the necessary orders to my brigades which were already in position, and I saw that they started promptly at the signal, and Professor Bates is not far wrong when he says they moved with the steadiness an
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