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Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, The Passing of the Armies: The Last Campaign of the Armies., Chapter 1: the situation. (search)
, not less than 57,000. The accuracy of this is undoubted. The striking fact is thus established that we had more men killed and wounded in the first six months of Grant's campaign, than Lee had at any one period of it in his whole army. The hammering business had been hard on the hammer. If these conclusions seem to rest too much on estimates (although in every case inductions from unquestioned fact), let me offer the solid testimony of General Grant in his official report of November 1, 1864. He gives the casualties in the Army of the Potomac from May 5th to October 30th as: killed 10,572; wounded, 53,975; missing, 23,858;--an aggregate of 88,405, a result far more striking than those adduced, and more than confirming the statement of our losses as by far exceeding the whole number of men in Lee's army at any time in this last campaign. Rebellion Records, Serial 67, p. 193. I offer no apology for this long survey of figures. There is abundant reason for it for the
Chapter 15: the Presidential election. False Promises of exchange. searching for acquaintances. Presidential election. the result Any one can see by my description of Camp Lawton, that it was a better place than Andersonville. Still it lacked a good deal of being a fit place in which to spend the winter. When Tom and I entered, about the first of November, 1864, there were about ten thousand men there. They were all corralled on the west side of the creek, and were without shelter, except such miserable apologies as we saw in Andersonville. Nearly all the men in the prison were from that horrid pen-taken out on promise of exchange, only to keep them docile and tractable till they could get them to a safer place. It is mean to raise hopes and dash them down, and the effect was plainly seen here in the large number in which hope was dead, and who were anxious to be dead literally, as the only way to escape from woes that had become unbearable. Tom an
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., chapter 11.81 (search)
es with its right on or near the Jerusalem plank-road, extending across the open field and bending back toward the front of the cemetery. Field's division, of about equal strength, came in some two hours after Kershaw's. It had not yet been assigned to its place on the line when Lee in person arrived at 11:30 o'clock A. M. on that day. When, early in the morning, the enemy was pushed forward to make the grand attack ordered for 4 A. M. on the 18th, General Meade's report, dated November 1st, 1864.--G. T. B. the retirement of our forces on the previous night from their first positions to the new line of defenses selected by me, as already explained, had so much surprised the assaulting columns as to induce their immediate commanders to additional prudence in their advance and to a complete halt in their operations. On that morning the troops arrayed against us consisted of Hancock's, Burnside's, and Warren's corps, with the larger portion of Smith's under General Martindale,
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 13: invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania-operations before Petersburg and in the Shenandoah Valley. (search)
occupied the two log-houses seen in the front, and his staff some of the smaller ones near. The mansion is seen in the rear of Headquarters. General Butler established his Headquarters at the mansion of a farm about two miles from Aiken's Landing, and one from Dutch Gap. Professor Coppee, author of Grant and his Campaigns, was furnished, by an officer of the Lieutenant-General's staff, with the following tabular statement of casualties in the Army of the Potomac, from May 5 to November 1, 1864. battles. Dates. killed. wounded. missing. aggregate. Officers. Enl'ed men. Officers. Enl'ed men. Officers. Enl'ed men. WildernessMay 5 to 122693,0191,01718,2611776,66729,410 SpottsylvaniaMay 12 to 211142,0322597,6993124810,381 North AnnaMay 21 to 3112138671,06333241,607 Cool ArborJune 1 to 101441,5614218,621512,35513,153 PetersburgJune 10 to 20851,1133616,492461,5689,665 DittoJune 20 to July 30295761202,3741082,1095,316 DittoJuly 30473721241,555911,8194,008 TrenchesAug. 1 t
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 16: career of the Anglo-Confederate pirates.--closing of the Port of Mobile — political affairs. (search)
That election was waited for with the greatest anxiety by millions of men. A thousand hopes and fears were excited. Vast interests hung upon the verdict; and for awhile in our country every thing connected with trade and manufactures seemed to be stupefied by suspense. Gold, the delicate barometer of commercial thought, fluttered amazingly, as the hour of decision drew nigh. The following notice of the fluctuations in the price of gold during the space of a few hours, in one day (November 1, 1864), was given in an evening newspaper of that date:-- The fluctuations in gold, as bulletined at Gilpin's Merchants' Exchange to-day, have been as follows: 10 A. M., 230; 10.20, 233; 10.25, 240; 10.35, 236; 10.40, 235 3/4; 11.15,237<*>; 11.35, 238; 12, 237 1/4; 12.15, P. M., 287 1/3; 12.40, 286 1/4; 12.50, 2345/6; 1.10, 285 1/2; 1.25, 286; 1.35, 238 1/2; 1.45, 238; 1.55, 239 1/2; 2.10, 288 1/4; 2.20, 239 1/4; 2.45, 240 1/4; 2.55, 2405/6; 3.00, 241; 3.25, 2397/8; 4, 239 1/2; 4.15, 241.
age 181. A reconnoissance, pushed down to Gadsden to-day, reveals the fact that the rebel Army is not there, and the chances are it has moved west. If it turns up at Guntersville, I will be after it. He writes in his Memoirs :t There is no doubt that the month of October closed to us looking decidedly squally, but, somehow, I was sustained in the belief that in a very few days the tide would turn. Upon the same page I find the following telegram from General Grant: City Point, November 1st, 1864, 6 p. m. Major General Sherman. Do you not think it advisable, now Hood has gone so far north, to entirely ruin him before starting on your proposed campaign? With Hood's Army destroyed, you can go where you please with impunity. I believed and still believe, if you had started south while Hood was in the neighborhood of you, he would have been forced to go after you. Now that he is far away, he might look upon the chase as useless, and he will go on in one direction while you ar
two years ago, in Louisville, he informed me that he had been impressed by the small number of desertions reported to him during the campaigns to the rear of Sherman, and into Tennessee. Notwithstanding my request as early as the 9th of October that the railroad to Decatur be repaired, nothing had been done on the 1st of November towards the accomplishment of this important object, as the following dispatch from the super-intendent of the road will show: Corinth, Mississippi, November 1st, 1864. General G. T. Beauregard. I fear you have greatly over-estimated the capacity and condition of this railroad to transport the supplies for General Hood's Army. Most of the bridges between here and Okolona were destroyed and recently only patched up to pass a few trains of supplies for General Forrest, and are liable to be swept away by freshets which we may soon expect. The cross-ties are so much decayed that three trains ran off yesterday, and the track will be still worse in
attention, and this at considerable cost. Here ended, practically, for the year 1864, Grant's determined, persistent, sanguinary campaign against Lee's army and Richmond: and the following tabular statement of the losses endured by the Army of the Potomac, having been furnished by one of Gen. Grant's staff to the author of Grant and his campaigns, can not be plausibly suspected of exaggerating them: Tabular Statement of Casualties in the Army of the Potomac, from May 5, 1864, to November 1, 1864. battles.dates.killed.wounded.missing.Aggregate. Officers.Enlisted Men.Officers.Enlisted Men.Officers.Enlisted Men. WildernessMay 5 to 122698,0191,01718,2611776,66729,410 SpottsylvaniaMay 12 to 211142,0322597,6973124810,881 North AnnaMay 21 to 3112138671,06333241,607 Cold HarborJune 1 to 101441,5614218,621512,35518,158 PetersburgJune 10 to 20851,1183616,492461,5689,665 DittoJune 20 to July 30295761202,3741082,1095,316 DittoJuly 30473721241,555911,8194,008 TrenchesAugust
f a tremendous gunpowder explosion at Erith, England, whereby destructive effects had been produced at a considerable distance; and he had conceived the project of running a vessel filled with gunpowder under the sea-wall of Fort Fisher, and there exploding it; trusting that, at least, the garrison would be so paralyzed by the resulting earthquake as to facilitate a prompt seizure of the fort by its expectant besiegers. Delays in preparation occurred, as usual; Gen. Butler was ordered Nov. 1 1864. by telegraph to New York, to keep the peace there during the Presidential election; and, when he returned, Nov. 16. the powder experiment had been resolved on and preparation for it partially made. But Gen. Grant now left the front for a flying visit to his family in New Jersey, devolving on Gen. Butler the chief command; and, when he returned, of the 250 tons of powder required, 100 tons were still wanting, and did not arrive at Fortress Monroe till December: thus the expedition did
ls 8 94 102 5 185 190 2,502 battles. K. & M. W. battles. K. & M. W. battles. K. & M. W. Lebanon, Tenn., May 5, 1862 4 Unionville, Tenn., March 6, 1863 3 Lovejoy's Station, Aug. 20, 1864 10 McMinnville, Tenn., July 6. 1862 1 Snow Hill, Tenn., April 3, 1863 2 Vining's Station, Sept. 2, 1864 1 Murfreesboro, Tenn., July 13, 1862 11 Shelbyville, Tenn., June 27, 1863 9 Rome, Ga., Oct. 13, 1864 2 Verbilla, Tenn., Aug. 9, 1862 1 Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 18, 1863 6 Lead's X Roads, Nov. 1, 1864 2 Gallatin, Tenn., Aug. 21, 1862 2 Mission Ridge, Tenn., Sept. 21, 1863 2 Bardstown Ky., Dec. 29, 1864 2 Fayetteville, Tenn., Sept., 9. 1862. 1 Cumberland Mountains, Oct. 4, ‘63 1 Selma, Ala., April 2, 1865 7 Brentwood, Tenn., Sept. 19, 1862 1 Dallas, Ga., May 27, 1864 5 Columbus, Ga., April 16, 1865 2 Bear Wallow, Ky., Sept. 20, 1862 1 Big Shanty, Ga., June 9, 1864 2 Ncar Macon, Ga., May 5, 1865 2 Lavergne, Tenn., Oct. 8, 1862 1 McAfee's X Roads, June 11, 1864 2 Picket Dut
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