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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 17: Sherman's March through the Carolinas.--the capture of Fort Fisher. (search)
machinery, useful in war to an enemy, but to spare all dwellings, colleges, schools, asylums, and harmless private property. General Sherman's Report, dated April 4, 1865. The commanding general was the first to cross the pontoon bridge, and, in company with General Howard, rode into the city. It was already in possession of Gen; and the left wing was not within two miles of it at any time. His troops, by great exertions, partially subdued the flames. See General Sherman's Report, April 4, 1865. They broke out again, with greater intensity, that night; and the, beautiful capital of South Carolina--the destined seat of Government of the prospective ind that Sherman, After having completed, as far as possible, the destruction of Columbia, continued his march northward. General Sherman, in his Report, dated April 4, 1865, says: Before one single building had been fired by order, the smoldering fires, set by Hampton's order, were rekindled by the wind and communicated to the bui
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 18: capture of Fort Fisher, Wilmington, and Goldsboroa.--Sherman's March through the Carolinas.--Stoneman's last raid. (search)
our massed artillery drove them back almost before they reached the fire of the infantry, who were burning to avenge the morning's disaster. The National forces received, Sherman said, six distinct assaults by the combined forces of Hoke, Hardee, and Cheatham, under the immediate command of General Johnston himself, without giving an inch of ground, and doing good execution on the enemy's ranks, especially with our artillery, the enemy having little or none. General Sherman's Report, April 4, 1865. With the coming of darkness ended the conflict known as the battle of Bentonsville, The aggregate loss of the National army near Bentonsville was reported by Sherman at 1,648, of which nearly 1,200 were from the divisions of Carlin aid Morgan, of the Fourteenth Corps. which numbered between 10,000 and 12,000 men. The loss of the confederates was never report ted. It must have been heavy. The Nationals captured 1,625 of their men, and buried 267 of their dead. Johnston's force
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 21: closing events of the War.--assassination of the President. (search)
upid officer obeyed, but took with him all the supplies that were to be left at Amelia Court-House for the use of Lee's army on its retreat, and these were among the things destroyed by the conflagration. When Lee arrived at the Court-House April 4, 1865. and discovered the calamity, hope forsook him. He knew that Grant, for the sake of celerity in pursuit, would break up his army in detachments; and Lee intended, with a bountifully supplied force kept well in hand, to fall upon these fragmenal-in-chief, at the front, receiving dispatches from him and transmitting them instantly to the Secretary of War, whence they were diffused over the country, by the telegraph. On the day after Richmond was evacuated, he went up to that city April 4, 1865. in Admiral Porter's flag-ship, the Malvern. Captain Ralph Chandler, with the Sangamon, several tugs, and thirty small boats, with about three hundred men, had already cleared the channel of the river of torpedoes, and made the navigation com
Accordingly, as I was en route for the Trans-Mississippi Department, under orders to bring to the support of General Lee all the troops that would follow me, I received, at Chester, South Carolina, the following telegram: Smithfield, April 4th, 1865. Lieutenant General J. B. Hood. After reading your report, as submitted, I informed General Cooper, by telegraph, that I should prefer charges against you as soon as I have leisure to do so, and desired him to give you the information. J. E. Johnston. I replied as follows: Chester, South Carolina, April 4th, 1865. General J. E. Johnston, Smithfield, N. C. Your telegram of this date received, informing me that you intended, as soon as you had leisure, to prefer charges against me. I am under orders for the Trans-Mississippi Department. I shall inquire of General Cooper whether I am to await my trial or proceed as ordered. I will be ready to meet any charges you may prefer. J. B. Hood. On the following day I
ond Raid, Va., May--, 1864 2 Chamberlain's Creek, March 31, ‘65 1 Cedar Mountain, Va., Aug. 9, 1862 2 Hanovertown, Va., May 26, 1864 1 Burke's Station, Va., April 4, 1865 2 Brandy Station, Va., Aug. 20, 1862 1 Hawes's Shop, Va., May 28, 1864 21 Amelia Springs, Va., April 5, 1865 3 Rappahannock, Va., Aug. 21, 1862 1 Trevili63 1 Berryville, Va., Aug. 19, 1864 15 Five Forks, Va., April 1, 1865 1 James City, Va., Oct. 10, 1863 2 Shepherdstown, Va., Aug. 26, 1864 4 Pursuit of Lee, April 4, 1865 2 Brandy Station, Va., Oct. 12, 1863 6 Smithfield, Va., Aug. 29, 1864 4 On Picket, Va. 1 Buckland's Mills, Va., Oct. 19, 1863 5 Summit, Va., Sept. 5, 186863 1 Hawes's Shop, Va., May 28, 1864 18 Five Forks, Va., April 1, 1865 1 Boonsboro, Md., July 8, 1863 3 Cold Harbor, Va., June 1, 1864 2 Beaver Mills, Va., April 4, 1865 2 Falling Waters, Md., July 14, 1863 28 Trevilian Sta'n, Va., June 11, 1864 18 High Bridge, Va., April 6, 1865 2 Newby's Cross Roads, July 24, 1863 3 Win
Colonel Theodore Lyman, With Grant and Meade from the Wilderness to Appomattox (ed. George R. Agassiz), chapter 9 (search)
tumn and winter for so goodly an event! Returning through the town, we stopped at the handsome house of Mr. Wallace, where was Grant and his Staff, and where we learned the death of Lieutenant-General A. P. Hill, who was killed by one of our stragglers whom he tried to capture. Crowds of nigs came about us to sell Confederate money, for which they would take anything we chose to give. At noon we left the town, and, going on the river road, camped that night near Sutherland's Station. April 4, 1865 We had camped last night round about Sutherland's Station, as I told you. The fields there were covered with waggons that had parked ready to follow the army. Here too was the scene of Miles's fight of the 2d, and the Rebel breastworks, with scattered ammunition and dead artillery horses, still marked the spot. Grant had camped Namozine road to Jetersville there, too, and had confirmed the rumor that Richmond was in our hands; also had stated that Sheridan, in his pursuit toward
ery was used, so that they could be easily cleared. At Castle Thunder there was but little besides tobacco with which to feed either the prisoners or their captors. When the Federal troops finally occupied the city, they found the warehouses full of tobacco and gleefully helped themselves to it. Not a single source of supply of food was to be found within the town. Rations from the Federal stores were issued to a large number of the needy and hungry inhabitants. Castle thunder on April 4, 1865—a Petersburg tobacco factory used as a prison Inside the prison yard set to work to build frame barracks which would be adequate to shelter the multitude, but General Winder, after inspection, pronounced the place unfit for a prison and declared that the prisoners should shortly be moved. All work was thereupon suspended, though the prisoners were not moved, and the greatest suffering occurred after this time. An organization and a tributary territory sufficient for two thousand p
his desperate attempt to liberate the Union prisoners in Libby prison. The fourth is J. H. Emerick, who was complimented for distinguished services in reporting Pleasonton's cavalry operations in 1863, and became cipher operator in Richmond in 1865. Through Emerick's foresight and activity the Union telegraph lines were carried into Richmond the night after its capture. Samuel H. Beckwith was the faithful cipher operator who accompanied Lincoln from City Point on his visit to Richmond April 4, 1865. In his account of this visit, published in Lincoln in the Telegraph Office, by David Homer Bates, he tells how the President immediately repaired to his accustomed desk in Colonel Bowers' tent, next to the telegraph office, upon his return to City Point. Beckwith found a number of cipher messages for the President awaiting translation, doubtless in regard to Grant's closing in about the exhausted forces of Lee. tain method seemed to be by tapping the wires along the Chattanooga rail
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 7. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Report of the battle of Averysboroa, North Carolina, by General W. B. Taliaferro. (search)
Report of the battle of Averysboroa, North Carolina, by General W. B. Taliaferro. [We are indebted to our gallant friend General Taliaferro, for his original report of this important battle. So far as we are able to ascertain this is the only copy extant.] headquarters Taliaferro's division, camp near Smithfield, N. C., April 4th, 1865. Lieutenant-Colonel T. B. Roy, A. A. General: Colonel — I have the honor to make a brief report of the operations of my division on the 15th and 16th ultimo, near Averysboroa, North Carolina: On the morning of the 15th, Rhett's brigade was encamped near Smith's house, at the intersection of the Fayetteville and Raleigh road with the road leading to Smith's ferry, on the Cape Fear river, and Elliott's brigade half a mile higher up, at another cross road leading to the same ferry. On the previous evening the enemy, who had advanced as far as Silver run, were reported by the cavalry to have retired a distance of four miles below that poi
William Boynton, Sherman's Historical Raid, Chapter 16: (search)
Goldsboro. The heaviest fighting at Bentonville was on the first day, viz.: the 19th, when Johnston's army struck the head of Slocum's column, knocking back Carlin's division. But as soon as General Slocum had brought up the rest of the Fourteenth Corps into line, and afterward the Twentieth on his left, he received and repulsed all attacks, and held his ground, as ordered, to await the coming back of the right wing. General Sherman's formal report of this battle, dated Goldsboro, April 4, 1865, contains the following very contradictory statements concerning the attack: All the signs induced me to believe that the enemy would make no further opposition to our progress, and would not attempt to strike us in flank while in motion. A few paragraphs below, in the same report, he again refers to the matter, as follows: Johnston had moved, by night, from Smithfield, with great rapidity, and without unnecessary wheels, intending to overwhelm my left flank before it could
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