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e universal and profound admiration of the world, having done all that skill and valour could accomplish. The scenes at the surrender were noble and touching. General Grant's bearing was profoundly respectful; General Lee's as courtly and lofty as the purest chivalry could require. The terms, so honourable to all parties, being complied with to the letter, our arms were laid down with breaking hearts, and tears such as stoutest warriors may shed. Woe worth the day! Tuesday night, April 18, 1865. I try to dwell as little as possible on public events. I only feel that we have no country, no government, no future. I cannot, like some others, look with hope on Johnston's army. He will do what he can; but ah, what can he do? Our anxiety now is that our President and other public men may get off in safety. O God! have mercy upon them and help them! For ourselves, like the rest of the refugees, we are striving to get from the city. The stereotyped question when we meet is,
Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 2, Chapter 63: the journey to Greensborough.—the surrender of Johnston. (search)
a conference with Sherman. Johnston left for his army headquarters, and I, expecting that he would soon take up his line of retreat, which his superiority in cavalry would protect from harassing pursuit, proceeded with my Cabinet and staff to Charlotte, N. C. On the way, a despatch was received from him, stating that Sherman had agreed to a conference, and asking that the Secretary of War, General Breckinridge, should return to co-operate in it. When we arrived at Charlotte, on April 18, 1865, we received a telegram announcing the assassination of President Lincoln. A vindictive policy was speedily substituted for his, which avowedly was to procure a surrender of our forces in the field upon any terms, to stop the further effusion of blood. On the same day, Sherman and Johnston united on a basis of agreement, which contained the following provisions: That both of the contending parties should maintain their status quo until either of the Commanding Generals should
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 21: closing events of the War.--assassination of the President. (search)
any days after the assassination. We went down the Chesapeake to Fortress Monroe on Sunday night, where we met the gallant Captain Ainsworth, See page 497. who took us in his tug to the double-turreted monitor Monadnoc, to visit Rear-Admiral Radford. We found him in another vessel, when he gave an order for a tug to take us to City Point, but finding better accommodations on a transport, we went up the river in that ship. We arrived at Headquarters at evening, and the next morning April 18, 1865. went up to Richmond in the mail steamer Trumpet, thridding our way among nests of torpedoes, indicated by the floats and flags placed there by Captain Chandler. See page 561. We found the ruins of Richmond yet smoking. In that city we remained several days, gathering up materials for history, the recipient of kind attentions from General Ord (who was in command there), and other officers. We visited and sketched the Capitol, Libby Prison, Castle Thunder, Belle Isle, and other p
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 59: (search)
ars Waiting for prize lists of Mohican, Potomska, and Pocahontas. 5,942 62 1,734 75 4,207 87 do   Mohican, Potomska, Pocahontas. Schooner Island Belle 10,717 30 1,865 31 8,851 99 do Nov. 17, 1864 Augusta. Steamer Ida     35,237 06 do April 18, 1865 Sonoma. Schooner John and Nathaniel Taylor 1,700 00 294 85 1,405 15 New York   Commodore Perry, Underwriter, Whitehead. Schooner J. W. Wilder 24,618 44 3,431 26 21,187 18 do Dec. 1, 1863 R. R. Cuyler. Schooner Joana Ward 7,503 00 1,908 71 3,697 86 Key West Mar. 22, 1865 Roebuck. Schooner Miriam 2,869 15 367 78 2,501 37 do Mar. 22, 1865 Honeysuckle. Sloop Mary 9,550 89 1,007 89 8,543 00 do Mar. 22, 1865 Roebuck. Brig Minnie 6,409 29 1,261 75 5,147 54 Philadelphia April 18, 1865 Lodona. Schooner Mary Ann 2,971 81 837 99 2,133 82 New Orleans April 22, 1865 Itasca. Sloop Mary Ellen 3,875 35 444 82 3,430 53 Key West April 26, 1865 San Jacinto. Schooner Minnie 3,362 16 296 76 3,065 40 do April 26, 1865 Beauregar
Fort Blakely and Appomattox, still, some minor affairs occurred afterwards. Upton's Division of Cavalry, while on the Wilson Raid, had a sharp fight at Columbus, Ga., on the 16th of April, 1865, and other divisions in Wilson's Corps were engaged at West Point, Ga., on the same date; also at Macon, Ga., on the 20th of April; and at Talladega, Ala., on the 22d. In South Carolina, a provisional division under command of General E. E. Potter was engaged, with some loss of life, on the 18th of April, 1865, at Boykin's Mills. Some fighting also occurred at Palmetto Ranch, Texas, on May 13th, 1865. But the war ended, substantially, at Appomattox, April 9, 1865. Fort Blakely, Ala., fell the same day, carried by a bloody assault. The war commenced on the 19th of April, 1861, and was officially declared as ended, August 20, 1866. casualties in Light Artillery. The following list of remarkable casualties in the light artillery is given in a separate class, as the small number of
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 2, chapter 25 (search)
positive, were Generals Logan and Blair, urged me to accept the terms, without reference at all to Washington, but I preferred the latter course: headquarters military division of the Mississippi, in the field, Raleigh, North Carolina, April 18, 1865. General H. W. Halleck, Chief of Staff, Washington, D. C. General: I received your dispatch describing the man Clark, detailed to assassinate me. He had better be in a hurry, or he will be too late. The news of Mr. Lincoln's death produve that, the Confederate armies once dispersed, we can adjust all else fairly and well. I am, yours, etc., W. T. Sherman, Major General commanding. headquarters military division of the Mississippi, in the field, Raleigh, North Carolina, April 18, 1865. Lieutenant-General U. S. Grant, or Major-General Halleck, Washington, D. C. General: I inclose herewith a copy of an agreement made this day between General Joseph E. Johnston and myself, which, if approved by the President of the United
Wm. G., Mar. 13, 1865. Mann, Orrin L., Mar. 13, 1865. Manning, S. H., Mar. 13, 1865. Mansfield, John, Mar. 13, 1865. Markoe, John, Mar. 13, 1865. Marple, Wm. W., Mar. 13, 1865. Marshall, W. R., Mar. 13, 1865. Martin, Jas. S., Feb. 28, 1865. Martin, John A., Mar. 13, 1865. Martin, Wm. H., June 8, 1865. Mason, Ed. C., June 3, 1865. Mather, T. S., Sept. 28, 1865. Matthews, J. A., April 2, 1865. Matthews, Sol. S., Mar. 13, 1865. Mattocks, C. P., Mar. 13, 1865. Maxwell, N. J., April 18, 1865. Maxwell, O. C., Mar. 13, 1865. May, Dwight, Mar. 13, 1865. Mehringer, John, Mar. 13, 1865. Merrill, Lewis, Mar. 13, 1865. Mersey, August, Mar. 13, 1865. Messer, John, Mar. 13, 1865. Meyers, Edw. S., Mar. 13, 1865. Michie, Peter S., Jan. 1, 1865. Miller, A. O., Mar. 13, 1865. Miller, Madison, Mar. 13, 1865. Mills, Jas. K., Mar. 13, 1865. Mintzer, Wm. M., Mar. 13, 1865. Mitchell, G. M., Aug. 22, 1865. Mitchell, W. G., Mar. 13, 1865. Mix, Elisha, Mar. 13, 1865. Mizner, H. R
William Boynton, Sherman's Historical Raid, Chapter 19: (search)
cials should pass through the hands of the intermediate generals, in order that they may never be ignorant of any thing that concerns their command. This has always been considered sound doctrine in the army, and yet General Sherman's records show that he constantly corresponded directly with General Halleck, on matters intimately affecting the whole army, without sending the letters through his own superiors. Now he writes: I don't believe in a chief-of-staff at all. But up to the 18th of April, 1865, he sustained most intimate, cordial, and confidential relations with General Halleck as chief-of-staff, and on that date, as has been seen, wrote, asking him to influence the President, if possible, not to vary the first terms made with Johnston at all. So close were these relations as to suggest the idea that his present non-belief in a chief-of-staff dates from a few days later, when, in addressing General Grant after his terms had been rejected, he wrote: It now becomes my dut
sing pursuit, proceeded with my Cabinet and staff toward Charlotte, North Carolina. While on the way, a dispatch was received from General Johnston announcing that General Sherman had agreed to a conference, and asking that the Secretary of War, General J. C. Breckinridge, should return to cooperate in it. The application was complied with, and the Postmaster General, John H. Reagan, also went at my request. He, however, was not admitted to the conference. We arrived at Charlotte on April 18, 1865, and I there received, at the moment of dismounting, a telegram from General Breckinridge announcing, on information received from General Sherman, that President Lincoln had been assassinated. An influential citizen of the town, who had come to welcome me, was standing near me, and, after remarking to him in a low voice that I had received sad intelligence, I handed the telegram to him. Some troopers encamped in the vicinity had collected to see me; they called to the gentleman who ha
George Meade, The Life and Letters of George Gordon Meade, Major-General United States Army (ed. George Gordon Meade), chapter 6 (search)
o his poor wife and the dear children. Your mother also, at her time of life, will necessarily feel it deeply. Yesterday we were shocked by the announcement of the assassination of the President, Secretary and Assistant Secretary of State. I cannot imagine the motives of the perpetrators of these foul deeds, or what they expect to gain. The whole affair is a mystery. Let us pray God to have mercy on our country and bring us through these trials. Headquarters army of the Potomac, April 18, 1865. Day before yesterday I sent Captain Emory to Richmond to see after his relatives. I have to-day a telegram from him, stating he had reached Richmond and found our friends all well. I have heard nothing from General Grant since he left here, and am in complete ignorance of what is going to be done with this army. I note what you say about public opinion in Philadelphia and New York, but if you saw the Herald of the 14th, you ought to be satisfied with what is there said of the fe
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