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Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 20: a brave officer's mortification.--history set right. (search)
s he never knew; he was a proud man, and his heart almost broke at the idea that he was suspected of making a false report. The truth came to the Department a month or two afterwards, but Bailey only benefitted by it so far that his story was believed. Farragut received a vote of thanks, but Bailey was left out except on the general vote which included all the officers and men. This event was not generally known in the service; or, if known, not fully understood, and it was not until 1869, seven years after the action, that the whole matter was rectified. Then the correspondence which took place between Farragut and Bailey became part of the records of the Navy Department, and as it is due to both those officers that this correspondence should be fully known, and as it is a part of the history of the war, it should appear in this narrative. The reader will see at a glance that Captain Bailey was a clear-headed writer as he was a clearheaded fighter, and places himself clea
William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington, Chapter 5: casualties compared with those of European wars — loss in each arm of the service — deaths from disease — classification of deaths by causes. (search)
2 who died of wounds while in the enemy's bands, and 3,218 others who died from various causes, known and unknown. As to what proportion of these 24,866 deaths was due to harsh treatment, instead of disease, it would be difficult to say. In the Northern military prisons, where the inmates were furnished with good food and quarters, the death rate was nearly the same; 30,152 Confederates died in Northern prisons. Congressional Documents: Report of House Committee on treatment of prisoners, 1869, page 231. (But this number, 30,152, does not include the deaths at Johnson's Island and some other places of confinement; neither does it include deaths from wounds in field hospitals.) But these pages have nothing to do with the prison question other than the statistics. The principal place of confinement for Union soldiers was at Andersonville, Ga. Out of 45,613 prisoners confined there, 12,912 died — or, 28 per cent. The greatest number present at any time was 33,114--on August 8, 1864
which every man would have been six feet or more in height. Over 80,000 Indiana soldiers, however, were enlisted without preserving any record of their age and height. These figures approximate closely the ages and heights of the American volunteers of the same classes. Dr. Gould, however, thinks that the figures show that the Indiana men are the tallest of all natives of the United States, and these latter the tallest of all civilized countries. Report Adjutant-General of Indiana, 1869; vol. 1, p. 110. Illinois.--This State sent six regiments to the Mexican war, and when the Illinois Legislature passed the law, in April, 1861, authorizing the acceptance of regiments, it was provided in the Act that, in token of respect to the Illinois regiments in Mexico, these new organizations should receive numbers commencing with the 7th. The first six regiments which were organized under this Act--7th to 12th Infantry, inclusive — were sworn in for three months service, at the e
, adjourned without delay, and went home in happiness, at the bright prospect of lasting peace. Another event happened on that same 11th day of April, which showed how little the legislature of Massachusetts knew of the condition of the country, and of the determination of the South to make war. The rebels opened fire on Fort Sumter. Gen. William Schouler, who was the first adjutant-general appointed by Governor Andrew, and who remained in that office during the war, published a book in 1869, entitled The history of Massachusetts in the civil War, in which he relates with great particularity, all that he claims was done in Massachusetts to prepare her to take her illustrious part in the contest, which was begun on the 11th of April, 1861. It is well known that an unfortunate variance of opinion occurred between Governor Andrew and myself, arising out of an offer of the services of myself and troops to Governor Hicks, of Maryland, on the 21st day of April, 1861, when at the capit
Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler, Chapter 10: the woman order, Mumford's execution, etc. (search)
rascals south of Mason and Dixon's line, including Jefferson Davis. Mumford's wife and family were declared to be the sacred trust of the people, and his children the wards of the Confederacy. Subscription papers were immediately called for, and very considerable sums were raised to support them thereafter in comfort. The reader may be interested to know how well this was carried out. I heard and thought nothing more upon the subject, except as a passing reflection, until about the year 1869, the date not recollected, when I received a letter from a lady in Malden, Massachusetts. She wrote me in very dignified and proper terms that she was somehow interested in Mrs. Mumford, who was then in the greatest distress. Mrs. Mumford had written to her that at the time of the execution of her husband I had told her that if ever I could soften her troubles I would be glad to help her, and she asked her Massachusetts friend to send to me to ascertain if I would see her. I immediately
Henry Morton Stanley, Dorothy Stanley, The Autobiography of Sir Henry Morton Stanley, part 2.13, chapter 2.17 (search)
is steps north and west to gather the clues to the riverine labyrinth, until he is, perforce, halted by utter exhaustion of his means. He meets an Arab, begs a loan for mere subsistence; and, on that account, must needs march whither the Arab goes. Hearing of a caravan bound coastward, he writes a letter to Zanzibar in 1867, and directs that goods should be sent to him at Ujiji; and, bidding his soul possess itself with patience, he wanders with the Arab merchant for a whole year, and, in 1869, arrives at Ujiji. There is nothing there for him; but a draft on Zanzibar suffices to purchase, at an extortionate charge, a few bags of beads and a few bales of cloth, with which he proposes to march due west to strike that great river discovered two years before so far south. This is loyalty to a friend with a vengeance! The friend to whom he had given his promise, had he but known to what desperate straits the old man was reduced, would long ago have absolved him. Livingstone was now
South was called to Richmond. Numerous earthworks soon made their appearance along the roads and in the fields about the Confederate capital, giving the city the appearance of a fortified camp. The new commander in an address to the troops said that the army had made its last retreat. Meanwhile, with the spires of Richmond in view, the Army of the Potomac was acclimating itself to a Virginia summer. The whole face of the country for weeks had been a Johnston and Lee — a photograph of 1869. These men look enough alike to be brothers. They were so in arms, at West Point, in Mexico and throughout the war. General Joseph E. Johnston (on the left), who had led the Confederate forces since Bull Run, was wounded at Fair Oaks. That wound gave Robert E. Lee (on the right) his opportunity to act as leader. After Fair Oaks, Johnston retired from the command of the army defending Richmond. The new commander immediately grasped the possibilities of the situation which confronted him
as made colonel, and in 1861 he was made brigadier-general. He served with great credit at Shiloh, and was made major-general of volunteers for gallant conduct at Perryville. He commanded the Fifth Division of the Army of the Cumberland at Stone River and at Chickamauga, and in 1864 made a cavalry raid into Alabama. In the Nashville campaign he had command of Fort Rosecrans under General Thomas, and did his share in achieving the notable results of that battle. At the time of his death in 1869 he was commander of the Department of the Gulf. for a time in Cuba as Commander of the District of Havana, and was made brigadier-general in the regular army, where he served with distinction until he was retired. General Joseph Wheeler One of the most versatile soldiers of the Civil War was Joseph Wheeler, Lieutenant-General, C. S. A., Brigadier-General, U. S. A., and in the opinion of General R. E. Lee one of the two ablest cavalry officers which the war developed. President Davi
ttempt at Harper's Ferry, the people of the border states began to form military companies in almost every county and to uniform, arm, and drill them. In the beginning, each of these companies bore some designation instead of a company letter. There were various Guards, Grays, and Rifles— the last a ludicrous misnomer, the rifles being mostly represented by flint-lock muskets, dating from the War of 1812, resurrected from State arsenals and carrying the old buck and ball ammunition, caliber 1869. On this and the following illustration page are shown some members of Company G, Eighteenth Virginia Regiment, first called Nottaway Rifle Guards and afterward Nottaway Grays. The company was organized on the 12th of January, 1861. Its original roll was signed by fifty men. April 13, 1861, its services were tendered to Governor Letcher to repel every hostile demonstration, either upon Virginia or the Confederate States. This sentiment of home defense animated the Confederate armies to he
paper—a sheet a foot square, entitled The St. Thomas Register, for which he wrote all the articles, set all the type, and performed all the press-work. As a member of Landis's Philadelphia battery, he enlisted for the emergency campaign of the summer of 1863, and took part in the defense of Carlisle, Pennsylvania, when Lee made the invasion of the North ending at Gettysburg. His long editorial career began the next year, when he joined the staff of the Newark Advertiser, of Newark, N. J. In 1869 he became editor of Hours at home. When it was absorbed by the old Scribner's Monthly, Doctor J. G. Holland retained young Gilder as managing editor. Thus at twenty-six he had attained high literary influence. On the death of Doctor Holland, in 1881, Gilder became editor-in-chief of the same magazine, re-named The century. His many poems, chiefly lyrical, gave him distinguished standing among American poets. But his interests exceeded the bounds of literature. All kinds of civic progress
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