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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Arthur, Chester Alan, 1830-1886 (search)
, was admitted to the bar in 1854; and became a successful practitioner. He gained much celebrity in a suit which involved the freedom of some slaves, known as the Lemmon case. He procured the admission of colored persons to the street-cars of New York City by gaining a suit against a railway company in 1856. Mr. Arthur did efficient service during the Civil War as quartermaster-general of the State of New York. In 1872 he was appointed collector of the port of New York, and was removed in 1878. In 1880, he was elected Vice-President, and on the death of President Garfield, Sept, 19, 1881, he became President. He died in New York City, Nov. 18, 1886. Veto of Chinese immigration bill. On April 4, 1882, President Arthur sent the following veto message to the Senate: To the Senate,--After a careful consideration of Senate Bill No. 71, entitled An act to execute certain treaty stipulations relating to Chinese. I herewith return it to the Senate, in which it originated, wit
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Badeau, Adam, 1831-1895 (search)
Badeau, Adam, 1831-1895 Military officer; born in New York, Dec. 29, 1831; served on the staff of General Sherman early in the Civil War; was severely wounded at Port Hudson; joined General Grant, and became his military secretary, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, in January, 1864; and was made aide-de-camp to the general of the army, with the title of colonel, in March, 1865; and retired in 1869, holding the rank of captain, U. S. C., and brevet brigadier-general, U. S. V. He was consul-general in London in 1870-81; accompanied General Grant on his journey around the world in 1877-78; and was consul-general in Havana in 1882-84. After General Grant's death Badeau lost a suit against the heirs for compensation for alleged services in the preparation of General Grant's Memoirs. He published Military history of Ulysscs S. Grant; Grant in peace, and several romances. He died in Ridgewood, N. J., March 19, 1895.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Baird, Spencer Fullerton, 1823-1887 (search)
Baird, Spencer Fullerton, 1823-1887 Scientist; born in Reading, Pa., Feb. 3, 1823; was graduated at Dickinson College in 1840. In 1850 he was appointed assistant secretary to the Smithsonian Institution. He held that office until the death of Prof. Joseph Henry (q. v.) in 1878, when he succeeded to the office of secretary, which he held until his death, on Aug. 19, 1887, Professor Baird published several works on natural history. In 1871 he was placed at the head of the United States Fish Commission. He died in Wood's Holl, Mass., Aug. 19, 1887.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Balch, George Beall, 1821- (search)
Balch, George Beall, 1821- Naval officer; born in Tennessee, Jan. 3, 1821. He entered the navy in 1837: engaged in the war against Mexico, and was wounded in a naval engagement at Shanghai, China. He was engaged actively and successfully in the South Atlantic blockading squadrons and in other naval operations. He became rear-admiral in 1878, and retired in 1883.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Barker, Wharton, 1846- (search)
Barker, Wharton, 1846- Banker; born in Philadelphia, Pa., May 1, 1846; was graduated at the University of Pennsylvania in 1866, after having served in the Union army in the Civil War; founded the banking firm of Barker Brothers & Co., which in 1878 was appointed financial agent in the United States of the Russian government, and supervisor of the building of four cruisers for its navy; and was the Presidential nominee of the Middle-of-the-Road or Anti-Fusion People's party, in 1900.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bell, James Franklin, 1857- (search)
Bell, James Franklin, 1857- Military officer; born in Lexington, Ky., in 1857; was graduated at the United States Military Academy in 1878; promoted to second lieutenant in the 9th Cavalry the same year, first lieutenant in the 7th Cavalry in 1890, and captain in 1899. In the volunteer army he was commissioned major of engineers May 17, 1898; major and assistant adjutant-general, April 17, 1899, and colonel of the 36th United States Infantry, July 5, 1899. In May, 1898, he was ordered to duty to Manila, where he was placed in charge of the Bureau of Information (or secret-service department of the army in the Philippines). In February, 1899, when operations were begun against the Filipino insurgents, he attached himself to the staff of General MacArthur, and rendered important service in scouting. On Sept. 9, for most distinguished gallantry in action near Porac. Luzon, President McKinley directed that a congressional medal of honor should be presented to him. On Nov. 12, Colo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bonneville, Benjamin L. E., 1795-1878 (search)
Bonneville, Benjamin L. E., 1795-1878 Explorer; born in France about 1795; was graduated at West Point in 1815; engaged in explorations in the Rocky Mountains in 1831-36. Washington Irving edited his journal entitled Adventures of Captain Bonneville, U. S. A., in the Rocky Mountains and the far West. He served throughout the Mexican War, and was wounded at the battle of Churubusco. In 1865 he was brevetted brigadier-general for long and faithful service. He died at Fort Smith, Ark., June 12, 1878.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Booth, William, 1829- (search)
Booth, William, 1829- Clergyman born in Nottingham, England, April 10, 1829; was educated in Nottingham, and in 1850-61 served as a minister of the Methodist New Connection. In 1865 he organized the Christian Mission to reach the lower classes in the East End of London. In 1878 when this mission had grown to be a large organization, he changed it into a religious military body, and it became known as the Salvation Army, with himself as leader or general. His entire family were mustered into the service of the army, his son, Ballington, being especially set apart for the work in the United States. In 1896, when a division occurred in the American branch of the army, and Ballington was engaged in organizing the volunteers of America (q. v.) on lines more in harmony with American institutions than the original army, General Booth visited New York and made unavailing efforts to prevent a disruption. His chief publication is In darkest England.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bouton, Nathaniel, 1797-1878 (search)
Bouton, Nathaniel, 1797-1878 Clergyman; born in Norwalk, Conn., June 29, 1797; graduated at Yale College in 1821; ordained a minister of the Congregational Church in 1825, and was appointed State historian of New Hampshire in 1867. Among his writings are a History of education in New Hampshire; The fathers of the New Hampshire ministry; History of Concord, N. H.; Collections of the New Hampshire Historical Society; and many volumes of provincial records. He died in Concord, N. H., June 6, 1878.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bowles, Samuel, 1826-1878 (search)
Bowles, Samuel, 1826-1878 Journalist; born in Springfield, Mass., Feb. 9, 1826; entered the printing-office of the Springfield Republican while a boy. and soon became the general manager of the paper. On the death of his father in 1851 the entire management devolved on him. The paper acquired the largest circulation of any daily paper in New England outside of Boston, and exerted a large influence not only throughout New England but in the country at large. In 1872 the Republican became an independent paper and supported Mr. Greeley. He died in Springfield, Mass., Jan. 16, 1878.
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