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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Aldrich, Thomas Bailey, 1836- (search)
Aldrich, Thomas Bailey, 1836- Author and editor; born in Portsmouth, N. H., Nov. 11, 1836; entered upon mercantile life at an early age, and at the same time engaged in writing verses for the New York journals. The first collection of his poems was published, under the name of The bells, in 1855, when he was nineteen years of age. His most successful poem, Babie Bell, was published in 1856, and soon afterwards he abandoned mercantile for literary pursuits. In 1856 he joined the staff of the Home journal, published by Morris and Willis, in New York. He edited Every Saturday from its foundation. and from time to time contributed largely to periodical publications. From 1881 to 1890 he was the editor of the Atlantic monthly.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Alexandria, (search)
Alexandria, City, port of entry, and county seat of Alexandria county, Va.; on the Potomac River, here a mile wide and providing an excellent harbor, and 6 miles below Washington, D. C. The city contains a number of high-grade educational institutions, and has important manufacturing industries. In 1890 the population was 14,339; in 1900, 14,528. In August, 1814, while the British were making their way across Maryland towards Washington, a portion of the British fleet, consisting of two frigates of thirty-six guns and thirty-eight guns, two rocket-ships of eighteen guns, two bomb-vessels of eight guns, and one schooner of two guns, sailed up the Potomac under the charge of Commodore Gordon, of the Sea Horse, and easily passed the guns of Fort Washington, the defenses of which the government a neglected. The British squadron appeared before the fort (Aug. 27), when the commander blew up the magazine and fled. The squadron passed and anchored in front of Alexandria, prepared t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Alger, Russell Alexander, 1836- (search)
Alger, Russell Alexander, 1836- Secretary of War: born in Lafayette, O., Feb. 27, 1836; worked on a farm for years earning Russell A. Alger. money to defray the expenses of his education. He was admitted to the bar in 1859, but was forced by ill health to give up practice. When the Civil War broke out he entered the Union army as a captain, and rose to brevet brigadier-general of volunteers. After the war he entered the lumber business, in which he acquired a large fortune. He was governor of Michigan in 1885-87; was a candidate for the Republican Presidential nomination in 1888; was commander-in-chief of the Grand Army of the Republic in 1889-90; and became Secretary of War under President McKinley in 1897. During almost all of the American-Spanish War in 1898 he was subjected to much public censure on account of alleged shortcomings in the various bureaus of the War Department. He resigned his office in 1899, and wrote a history of the war with Spain.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Allen, Ethan, 1737- (search)
lature of Vermont, and as a delegate in Congress, he secured the great object of his efforts — namely, the ultimate recognition of Vermont as an independent State. He removed to Burlington before the close of the war, and died there Feb. 13, 1780. In 1894 the United States government established a new military post 5 miles from Burlington and named it after him. See Ethan Allen. Fort. lawyer; born in Monmouth county, N. J., May 12, 1832; was graduated at Brown University in 1860. At the beginning of the Civil War he raised a brigade of troops, but did not enter the service. In 1861-69 he was deputy United States attorney for the Southern District of New York; in 1870-90 practised law in New York City; and in the Presidential campaign of 1872 was chairman of the National Liberal Republican Committee. Subsequently he was president of the Cuban League of the United States. He is the author of Washington, or the Revolution, a history of the American Revolution in dramatic for
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Allen, Joel Asaph, 1838- (search)
Allen, Joel Asaph, 1838- Zoologist; born in Springfield, Mass., July 19, 1838; studied zoology at the Lawrence Scientific School. In 1865-71 he was a member of scientific expeditions to Brazil, the Rocky Mountains, and Florida: in 1870-85 was assistant in ornithology at the Museum of Comparative Zoology in Cambridge. He was president of the American Ornithologists' Union in 1883-90, and since 1885, has been curator of the department of vertebrate zoology in the American Museum of Natural History in New York. Professor Allen edited the Bulletin of the Nuttall Ornithological Club, and was author of Monographs of North American Rodents (with Elliott Coues); History of North American Pinnipeds, etc.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), American protective Association, (search)
had little or no following in the South, and as the Democratic party in the North was too closely affiliated with the Papist vote. the result was that the majority of the nominees of the association were nominally Republican, Prohibition, or Populist, although numberless instances might be cited where worthy Democrats were singled out of a slate that was unworthy as a whole, and elected to offices of trust by the enormous majorities which the A. P. A. vote gave. Although between the years 1890 and 1893 the initiated membership of the order never exceeded 70,000, and was scattered but sparsely through less than twenty States, it was a period of undoubted health and usefulness from the fact that affiliation with the order was rather a disadvantage than an advantage, as it attracted to its ranks the disinterested almost exclusively. The year 1893, however, showed such remarkable success for the order in the political field that the conditions changed and the ambitions politician sudd
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ammidown, Edward Holmes, 1820- (search)
Ammidown, Edward Holmes, 1820- Merchant; born in Southbridge, Mass., Oct. 28, 1820; was graduated at Harvard College in 1853. After travelling for several years in the United States and Europe he engaged in mercantile business in New York City in 1860; later became a director in several banks, insurance companies, etc. In 1881 he was elected president of the American Protective Tariff League: and in 1882 chairman of the Metropolitan Industrial League. In 1890 President Harrison appointed him a commissioner for the World's Columbian Exposition, but he declined the post. He is the author of numerous political articles, including National illiteracy; Capital and labor; etc.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Andrade, Jose, (search)
Andrade, Jose, Diplomatist; born in Merida, Venezuela, in 1838; studied law in Columbia College; was successively treasurer, secretary, and governor of the state of Zulia in 1880-84; representative for the same state in the National House of Representatives in 1884-88; and was appointed plenipotentiary to settle the claims of France against Venezuela in 1888. In 1889-90 he represented Venezuela in Washington, D. C., as a member of the Venezuelan and Marine Commissions; was also a delegate to the International Maritime Conference, and to the Pan-American Congress; in 1893 served in the National Assembly which framed the new constitution of Venezuela and in the same year was appointed minister to the United States. In 1895 he was a member of the United States and Venezuela Claims Commission in Washington. On Feb. 2, 1897, he signed the treaty of arbitration between Venezuela and England to arrange the boundary dispute: the same year was a delegate to the Universal Postal Congress
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Annapolis, (search)
Annapolis, City. county seat of Anne Arundel county, and capital of the State of Maryland: on the Severn River, 20 miles south by east of Baltimore: is the seat of the United States Naval Academy and of St. John's College; population in 1890, 7,604; 1900, 8,402. Puritan refugees from Massachusetts, led by Durand, a ruling elder, settled on the site of Annapolis in 1649, and, in imitation of Roger Williams, called the place Providence. The next year a commissioner of Lord Baltimore organized there the county of Anne Arundel, so named in compliment to Lady Baltimore, and Providence was called Anne Arundel Town. A few years later it again bore the name of Providence, and became the seat of Protestant influence and of a Protestant government, disputing the legislative authority with the Roman Catholic government at the ancient capital, St. Mary's. In 1694 the latter was abandoned as the capital of the province, and the seat of government was established on the Severn. The village
Apia, The principal town and commercial port of the Samoan Islands, in the South Pacific Ocean, situated on the north coast of the island of Upolu. The harbor is small, but, ordinarily, a safe one. In March, 1889, the island and harbor were swept by a terrific hurricane, which wrecked the United States ships Trenton (flag-ship) and Vandalia, and the German men-of-war EbZZZr, Adler, and Olga, and drove ashore the United States steamer Nipsic. the Calliope (British) was the only man-of-war in the harbor that succeeded in escaping to sea. The town and its vicinity were the scene, in 1890, of a series of fatal riots, growing out of the claims of Mataafa and Malietoa. Tanus to the king-ship. Several American and British naval officers were killed or wounded, April 1, in subduing the native mob.
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