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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Brazil. (search)
n the American model, and Fonseca was the first President. Brazil was included in the reciprocity arrangements of the Harrison administration. Peixoto succeeded as President in 1891, but the new republic has been disturbed by internal troubles. Most serious of these outbreaks was the revolt of the fleet under Admiral Mello in the summer of 1893, followed by the blockade of Rio de Janeiro by the insurgents. To supply the loss of vessels, the Brazilian government purchased a powerful merchantman, El Cid, plying between New York and New Orleans, transformed it in New York Harbor into the dynamite cruiser Nictheroy, and despatched it at the end of 1893 to the scene of action. Other vessels were purchased to cope with the strong naval force of Mello. The rebellion was not ended until June, 1895. M. de Moraes, who had meanwhile been elected President, granted full amnesty to all concerned in the revolt. In 1896 Brazil entered into a reciprocity treaty for trade with the United States.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Brooklyn, (search)
ack by the British. In the Civil War the citizens of Brooklyn contributed largely to the support of the Union cause in every way. The fair held here for the benefit of the United States Sanitary Commission yielded the sum of $402,943. Brooklyn was incorporated a village in April, 1816, and became a chartered city in 1834. Williamsburg and (Greenpoint were annexed to it in 1855; the towns of Flatbush, New Utrecht, and Gravesend, in 1894; and the town of Flatlands became a ward of the city in 1896. The bridge across the East River, connecting New York and Brooklyn, was designed by John A. Roebling (q. v.). It was begun in 1870 and finished in 1883. The steel cables by which it is suspended were made at Wilmington, Del.. and are supported on stone piers, 272 feet above high tide. The total length of the bridge is 5,989 feet. and the carriage-way is 135 feet above the water. The cost was $15,000,000, of which the city of Brooklyn paid $10,000,000 and New York City $5,000,000. The
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bryan, William Jennings, 1860- (search)
83. He practised in Jacksonville, Ill., from 1883 till 1887, then removed to Lincoln, Neb., and was elected to Congress as a Democrat, serving in 1891-95. In 1894-96 he was editor of the Omaha World-Herald, and in the latter year a delegate to the National Democratic Convention at Chicago. He there made a notable speech advocatlar and 292 electoral votes; for the Democratic candidates, 6,357.853 popular and 155 electoral votes; showing an increase in the Republican plurality over that of 1896 of 246,025. Immediately after the result of the election was known, Mr. Bryan and President McKinley exchanged telegrams of personal esteem, and Mr. Bryan soon af weekly newspaper for the purpose of continuing his efforts in behalf of free silver. The cross of gold. At the National Democratic Convention in Chicago, in 1896, Mr. Bryan delivered the following speech in the debate on the party platform: Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Convention.--I would be presumptuous, indeed, t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bryce, Lloyd, 1851- (search)
Bryce, Lloyd, 1851- Author; born in Flushing, Long Island, N. Y., Sept. 20, 1851: was graduated at Oxford University and studied law in the Columbia Law School, New York: was a Democratic member of Congress in 1887-89. In the latter year he received a large interest in the North American review, which he edited till 1896.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cannon, (search)
ant for gunmaking at the Watervliet arsenal, West Troy, 1889. Manufacture of heavy ordnance begun at the Washington navy-yard, 1890. Hotchkiss gun, English make, five barrels, revolving around a common axis, placed upon block weighing about 386 tons, fires thirty rounds a minute; adopted by the United States in 1891. Automatic rapid-firing gun, invented by John and Matthew Browning, of Ogden, Utah; firing 400 shots in one minute and forty-nine seconds; adopted by the United States in 1896. Zalinski's dynamite gun, calibre 15 ins.; throws 500 lbs. of explosive gelatine 2,100 yds.; also discharges smaller shells. Three of the guns of this class were used with tremendous effect by the United States dynamite cruiser Vesuvius at the bombardment of Santiago de Cuba in 1898, and larger ones have been installed at Fort Warren, Boston; Fort Schuyler, N. Y.; Fort Hancock, N. J., and at San Francisco. Graydon dynamite gun, calibre 15 ins.; using 3,000 lbs. of compressed air to the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chaffee, Adna Romanza 1842- (search)
almost continuous service against the Indians in the Southwest, where he proved himself a brave and stubborn fighter. For his gallantry in various actions he was, in March, 1868, brevetted major, and Feb. 27, 1890, lieutenant-colonel. Meanwhile, on July 7, 1888, he had been promoted to major, and assigned to the 9th Cavalry, one of the two regiments of regular cavalry composed of colored men. Major Chaffee was instructor in cavalry tactics at the Fort Leavenworth school for officers in 1894-96. On June 1, 1897, he was promoted to lieutenant-colonel of the 3d Cavalry, and made commandant of the Cavalry School of Instruction at Fort Riley, which post he held at the opening of the war with Spain, in 1898. He was appointed a brigadier-general of volunteers, May 4, 1898; promoted to major-general, July 8, following; honorably discharged from the volunteer service and reappointed a brigadier-general, April 13, 1899. From December, 1898 he served as chief-of-staff to the governor-genera
, and in January, 1892, the President despatched a protest to the Chilean government, and on Jan. 25 sent a message to Congress. Meantime at Valparaiso an inquiry was held on the riot, and three Chileans were sentenced to penal servitude. President Montt, who had now been inducted into office, directed the minister of foreign affairs to withdraw the Matta note and also the request for Minister Egan's recall, and Chile paid an indemnity of $75,000. The affair was variously interpreted in the United States: by enemies of the administration as the bullying of a weaker power; by the administration's friends as an instance of a vigorous national policy. During 1893 and 1894 Chile was shaken by several domestic revolutions, during which much American property was destroyed. In November, 1895, Señor Barros, a liberal, formed a cabinet and paid to the United States $250,000 for damage done during the revolutions. In 1896 Chile concluded peace treaties with all her neighbors. China
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cockran, William Bourke 1854- (search)
Cockran, William Bourke 1854- Lawyer; born in Ireland, Feb. 28, 1854; became prominent in New York politics as an adherent of Tammany Hall, for which he was frequently spokesman. In 1896, being an advocate of the gold standard, he left his party and made speeches for the Republican party.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Coffin, Charles Carleton 1823-1896 (search)
Coffin, Charles Carleton 1823-1896 (pen-name Carleton), author; born in Boscawen, N. H., July 26, 1823; during the Civil War was war correspondent of the Boston Journal. His publications include Days and nights on the battle-field; Following the flag; Four years of fighting; Caleb Krinkle, a story of American life; Story of liberty; Old times in the colonies; Life of Garfield, etc. He died in Brookline, Mass., March 2, 1896.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Columbia University, (search)
Columbia University, One of the higher institutions of learning established in the English-American colonies; originally named King's College; afterwards Columbia College; and in 1896 Columbia University. In 1746 an act was passed by the colonial Assembly of New York for raising £ 2,250, by lottery, for the encouragement of learning and towards the founding of a college. The sum was increased in 1751, and intrusted to ten trustees, one of whom was a Presbyterian, two were of the Dutch Reformed Church, and seven were Episcopalians. Rev. Samuel Johnson, of Stratford, Conn., was invited, in 1753, to become president of the proposed institution, and a royal charter constituting King's College was granted Oct. 31, 1754. The organization was effected in May, 1755. The persons named in the charter as governors of the college were the Archbishop of Canterbury, the principal civil officers of the colony, the principal clergymen of the five denominations of Christians in the city of
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