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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 6 6 Browse Search
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 5 5 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 1 1 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: September 8, 1863., [Electronic resource] 1 1 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, AELIA ATHENAIS, DOMUS (search)
AELIA ATHENAIS, DOMUS on the Esquiline, just south of and within the porta Esquilina (?); only known from a lead pipe of the middle of the third century A.D. found in the Via dello Statuto (LF 23), on which she is called h(onesta) f(emina) (CIL xv. 7377).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, GENUCIUS MARINIANUS, DOMUS (search)
GENUCIUS MARINIANUS, DOMUS just south-east of S. Maria Maggiore (?), known only from a lead pipe of the middle of the third century A.D. (CIL xv. 7464).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, TESTACEUS MONS (search)
circumference. It is composed entirely of fragments of earthen jars (amphorae, dolia) in which corn, wine, and produce of various kinds had been brought to the horrea from Africa, Spain, and Gaul. Many of these jars were inscribed on the neck or handle, and a large number of these inscriptions have been recovered (CIL xv. pp. 491-659). They date from 140 to 251 A.D., but it is certain that the dumping of debris on this spot began as early as the time of Augustus, and that the hill had reached its present height by the middle of the second century. The distribution of the debris shows that the hill rose in the midst of the horrea. Under one of its sides the tomb of the RUSTICELII (q.v.) was found (HJ 177-178; Ann. d. Inst. 1878, 118-192; 1885, 232-234; CIL xv. pp. 491-492, 560-565; BC 1911, 246-260; 1915, 41-46, 279, 291; 1914, 241-250; 1915, 41-46, 279-290; Mem. Soc. Nat. Ant. France, 1915, '53; D. Orano, II Testaccio; il monte ed il quartiere dalle origini al 1910, Pescara, 1910).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, THERMAE ANTONINIANAE (CARACALLAE) (search)
ken to refer to the peribolus. Hulsen, who had already pointed out that not a single brick-stamp is to be found in the peribolus (Hulsen-Iwanoff, op. cit. 57--an observation which is confirmed by the excavations of 1912), is inclined to accept this statement: for, as is well known, the practice of stamping bricks went out of use after the reign of Caracalla until the time of Diocletian. See also p. 531, n. I. For a catalogue of the works of art which the baths contained about the middle of the third century, The restoration 'Herculem G[lycon]is' (the Hercules now at Naples, 1. 6) is almost certain (cf. p. 32). Cf. also the list in Iwanoff-Hiilsen, op. cit. infra, 72-80. cf. Nicole, Un Catalogue d'ceuvres d'art conserves a Rome a l'epoque imperiale (Geneva, 1906). Some porticoes connected with the baths (whatever is meant) were destroyed or damaged by fire, and repaired under Aurelian (Chron. 148: porticus Thermarum Antoninarum arserunt et fabricatum est). A brick-stamp of the time o
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, TRIA FATA (search)
TRIA FATA statues of the three Fates on the north side of the Rostra, close to the Curia (Procop. BG i. 25. 9). They were said to have been set up by Tarquinius Priscus, and two of them were restored in the Augustan period (Plin. NH xxxiv. 22, 29). When the name, tria Fata, first came into use is not known, but its first occurrence is in 250 A.D. (Cyprian, Epist. 21, Hartel 231), where it means that part of the forum about the curia. This usage continued and is found in several later documents (Procop. loc. cit.; S. Adriano in tribus fatis Cf. HCh xcvii., 260; SS. Cosma e Damiano and S. Martina also had the same name (ib. 242, 381). vit. Honor. 6, LPD i. 34; vit. Stephani III. I, LPD i. 471: aggregans in tribus fatis sacerdotes; ib. i. 501, 508; Jord. i. 2, 258, 349; ii. 482; Thedenat 21, 69, 101; HC 26, 28, 136; cf. also RE vi. 2050; Rosch. v. 1099 and reff.).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
2-223Repairs to Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum) completed, 6. 227Thermae Neronianae rebuilt, 531. 238The Three Gordians: restore Thermae Suranae, 533. Arch in Castra Praetoria (?), 108. Balinea, 69. Gordian III continues repairs to Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum), 6, and builds a Porticus (?), 422. 247Naumachia of Philippus Arabs, 358. Theatre Qf Pompey burnt, 517. Hecatostylon burnt, 251. 248(ca.). Holovitreum (?), 258. 249-251Reign of Decius: he builds Porticus, 421. 250Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum) restored after a fire, 6. 252Thermae Decianae, 526. 253-268Reign of Gallienus: he plans a Porticus, 422. 262Arch of Gallienus, 39. Horti Liciniani, 268. 270-275Reign of Aurelian: he extends Pomerium, 393; plans Thermae, 524: builds Castra Urbana, 108; increases height of Castra Praetoria, 107. 270Balineum Antiochiani, 68. 272(before). The Walls of Aurelian, 348. Porta Nomentana, 410. 273Temple of the Sun, 491. 276-282Reign of P
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
proselyte, secured his rapid elevation. In A. D. 247 he was raised to the rank of a presbyter, and in the course of the following year the bishopric of Carthage was forced upon his reluctant acceptance by a large majority of the African clergy, not without strenuous opposition, however, from a small party headed by Novatus [NOVATUS] and Felicissimus, whose obstinate resistance and contumacy subsequently gave rise to much disorder and violence. When the persecution of Decius burst forth (A. D. 250), Cyprian, being one of the first marked out as a victim, fled from the storm, in obedience, as he tells us (Epist. xiv.), to an intimation from heaven that thus he might best discharge his duty, and remained in retirement until after Easter of the following year. (A. D. 251.) During the whole of this period he kept up an active correspondence with his clergy concerning various matters of discipline, much of his attention being occupied, as the violence of the persecution began to abate, b
e martyrdom of our Hippolytus is doubtful. Alexander Severus, under whom it has been commonly placed, was not a persecutor; and if we suppose, with some of the best critics, that the Exhortatorius ad Severinam, enumerated among the writings of Hippolytus, is the work noticed by Theodoret as addressed pro\s *Basili/da tina/ " to a certain queen " or " empress, " and that Severina was the wife of the emperor Philip the Arabian, we must bring his death down to the persecution of Decius (about A. D. 250), if not later; in which case Hippolytus, if a disciple of Irenaeus, who died in or near A. D. 190, must have been a very old man. The place of his martyrdom was probably near Rome, perhaps the mouth of the Tiber or the adjacent sea, and the mode drowning, with a stone round his neck. In this case he must have left the East and come to Rome; and there may be some truth in the statement of Peter Damiani, cardinal bishop of Ostia, near Rome, a writer of the eleventh century (Opera, vol. iii.
of the Roman laity at a. period when the author had, apparently, withdrawn from the fury of the Decian persecution (A. D. 249-257), probably towards the close of A. D. 250. If composed under these circumstances, as maintained by Jackson, it refutes in a most satisfactory manner the charges brought by Cornelius in reference to the ctrongly recommends moderation and strict abstinence from flesh offered to idols. III. Epistolae. Two letters, of which the first is certainly genuine, written A. D. 250, in the name of the Roman clergy to Cyprian, when a vacancy occurred in the papal see in consequence of the martyrdom of Fabianus, on the 13th of February, A. D.A. D. 250. Editions The two best editions of the collected works of Novatianus are those of Welchman (8vo. Oxon. 1724), and of Jackson (8vo. Lond. 1728). The latter is in every respect superior, presenting us with an excellent text, very useful prolegomena, notes and indices. The tracts De Trinitate and De Cibis Judaicis will be fo
rs to a water-raising machine of this kind, used to supply the garrison of the Memphite Babylon, on the Nile, and worked by 150 men. It was also used as a draining pump by the Turdetani of Iberia in the time of Strabo. This was the country of the Guadalquiver. See screw, Archimedean. Ar′chi-tecture. The classic orders are five: Doric, Ionic and Corinthian (Greek); Tuscan and Composite (Roman). The more modern is Gothic, which has several varieties: Anglo-Roman, B. C. 55 to A. D. 250; Anglo-Saxon, A. D. 800 to 1066; Anglo-Norman, 1066 to 1135; Early English or Pointed, 1135 to 1272; Pure Gothic, 1272 to 1377; Florid, 1377 to 1509; Elizabethan, 1509 to 1625. The subject is copiously and admirably treated in many excellent works. Its interest in a work of this character is not as an art, but as requiring machinery to hew and shape the stones, construct the foundations and the roof, and also calling for ingenuity in providing the building with its material accessories for
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