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Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 22 22 Browse Search
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Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 2 2 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
C. Suetonius Tranquillus, The Lives of the Caesars (ed. Alexander Thomson) 1 1 Browse Search
Charles A. Nelson , A. M., Waltham, past, present and its industries, with an historical sketch of Watertown from its settlement in 1630 to the incorporation of Waltham, January 15, 1739. 1 1 Browse Search
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Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XIII, Chapter 35 (search)
granted Roman citizenship.Cicero (Cic. ad Att. 14.12), writing in April, 43 B.C., states that this was an act of Antony, based upon a law of Caesar's presumably passed by the Roman people. Nothing can have come of it, since Sextus Pompeius held the island by late 43 B.C. and lost it to Augustus, who showed no interest in extending Roman citizenship to the provinces on such a wholesale scale. Pliny in his sketch of Sicily (3.88-91) lists, shortly before A.D. 79, several different degrees of civic status for the cities of the island. Accordingly, when in later times laws were framed for the Syracusans by CephalusIn 339 B.C.; cp. Book 16.82. in the time of Timoleon and by Polydorus in the time of King Hiero,Hiero was given the title of "King" in 270 B.C. and probably bore it until his death in 216. they called neither one of these men a "lawgiver," but rather an "interpreter of the lawgiver," since men found the laws of
C. Suetonius Tranquillus, Divus Titus (ed. Alexander Thomson), chapter 8 (search)
hing, and very frankly encouraged them to ask what they pleased. Espousing the cause of the Thracian party among the gladiators, he frequently joined in the popular demonstrations in their favour, but without compromising his dignity or doing injustice. To omit no opportunity of acquiring popularity, he sometimes made use himself of the baths he had erected, without excluding the common people. There happened in his reign some dreadful accidents; an enrption of mount Vesuvius, A. U. C. 832, A. D. 79. It is hardly necessary to refer to the well-known Epistles of Pliny the younger, vi. 16 and 20, giving an account of the first eruption of Vesuvius, in which Pliny, the historian, perished. And see hereafter, p. 499. in Campania, and a fire in Rome, which continued three days and three nights;The great fire at Rome happened in the second year of the reign of Titus. It consumed a large portion of the city, and among the public buildings destroyed were the temples of Serapis and Isis, that
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.), BOOK III. AN ACCOUNT OF COUNTRIES, NATIONS, SEAS, TOWNS, HAVENS, MOUNTAINS, RIVERS, DISTANCES, AND PEOPLES WHO NOW EXIST OR FORMERLY EXISTED., CHAP. 9.—THE FIRST REGION OF ITALYThe First Region extended from the Tiber to the Gulf of Salernum, being bounded in the interior by the Apennines. It consisted of ancient Latium and Campania, comprising the modern Campagna di Roma, and the provinces of the kingdom of Naples.; THE TIBER; ROME. (search)
ands nearly on its site., also a colony of the Chalcidians, and called Parthenope from the tomb there of one of the Sirens, HerculaneumSaid to have been founded by Hercules. It was on the occasion of its destruction by an eruption of Vesuvius, A.D. 79, that our author unfortunately met his death, a martyr to his thirst for knowledge. Its closer proximity to Vesuvius caused it to be buried under a more solid body of materials ejected from the mountain than was the case with Pompeii; which seems tæThis was an ancient town between Pompeii and Surrentum. After its overthrow, as mentioned by Pliny, it was in some measure rebuilt, possibly after this passage was penned. It was finally destroyed by the great eruption of Vesuvius in the year A.D. 79, and it was here that our author breathed his last., until the consulship of Cneius Pompeius and L. Cato, when, on the day before the calends of May [30th of April], it was destroyed in the Social War by L. Sulla the legatus, and all that now stand
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, AMPHITHEATRUM FLAVIUM (search)
transferred to the amphitheatre until after 1000 A.D. (HCh 265, 380, 394, 426; HFP 52; BC 1926, 53-64). built by Vespasian, in the depression between the Velia, the Esquiline and the Caelian, a site previously occupied by the stagnum of Nero's domus Aurea(Suet. Vesp. 9; Mart. de spect. 2. 5; Aur. Vict. Caes. 9. 7). Vespasian carried the structure to the top of the second arcade of the outer wall and of the maenianum secundum of the cavea (see below), and dedicated it before his death in 79 A.D. (Chronogr. a. 354, P. 146). Titus added the third and fourth stories The word used is 'gradus,' which applies to the interior; Vespasian may, Hulsen thinks, have completed a great part of the Corinthian order of the exterior. (ib.), and celebrated the dedication of the enlarged building in 80 with magnificent games that lasted one hundred days (Suet. Titus 7; Cass. Dio lxvi. 25; Hieron. a. Abr. 2095; Eutrop. vii. 21; Cohen, Tit. 399, 400). Domitian is said to have completed the building
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, AQUA MARCIA (search)
for the modern water supply of Rome, and are now, as then, famous for coldness and purity; though, owing to the fact that the floor of the Anio valley has risen since Roman times, it is impossible to identify them exactly. Nero outraged public opinion by bathing in its springs: but the aqueduct itself seems to have yielded but little to the city in his day, owing to the depredations of private persons (Frontinus cit.; Plin. NH xxxi. 42), and a further restoration was carried out by Titus in 79 A.D. (CIL vi. 1246): there is evidence of repairs by Hadrian; and others were probably made by Septimius Severus in 196 A.D. (CIL vi. 1247); while in 212-3 Caracalla cleared the springs, made some new tunnels, and added another spring, the fons Antoninianus, in connection no doubt with the construction of the branch to his thermae (ib. 1245). The aqua Marcia was joined by the AQUA TEPULA (q.v.) and the AQUA IULIA (q.v.) before the point where it emerged from its underground course, near the sixt
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, AUGUSTUS, DIVUS, TEMPLUM (search)
absolvit). Tacitus, however, says that Tiberius finished the temple, but for some reason did not dedicate it (Ann. vi. 45: struxit templum Augusto et scaenam Pompeiani theatri, eaque perfecta contemptu ambitionis an per senectutem haud dedicavit), agreeing in this with Dio (locc. citt). In this temple were statues of Augustus (see below) of Livia, set up by Claudius (Cass. Dio lx. 5), and probably of other emperors who were deified (see below). It was destroyed by fire at some time before 79 A.D. (Plin. loc. cit.): in Palatii templo quod fecerat divo Augusto coniunx Augusta... guttae editae annis omnibus in grana durabantur donec id delubrum incendio consumptum est), but restored, probably by Domitian, who seems to have constructed in connection with it a shrine of his patron goddess, Minerva (Mart. iv. 53. 1-2: hunc quem saepe vides intra penetralia nostrae Pallados et templi limina, Cosme, novi), regularly referred to in diplomata honestae missionis after 90 A.D. which were fixa
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, AUREA, DOMUS (search)
o had colleeted in the Golden House were dedicated by Vespasian in the temple of Peaee and other buildings erected by him (Plin. NH xxxiv. 84: ex omnibus quae rettuli elarissima quaeque iam sunt dicata a Vespasiano principe in templo Pacis aliisque eius operibus, violentia Neronis in urbem eonveeta et in sellariis domus aureae disposita). His son Titus ereeted thermae (q.v.) opposite the Colosseum ; but the main palace must have still remained in use during his reign; for Pliny saw there in 79 A.D. (the year in whieh Titus eame to the throne and in whieh he himself died) the Laoeoon, qui est in Titi imperatoris domo (NH xxxvi. 37). As in almost the next sentenee he speaks of the works of art in the Palatinae domus Caesarum, the Golden House must be meant; though there is some doubt whether the Laocoon was actually found in Room 80 in 1506 (Jahrb. d. Inst. 1913, 231-239). There are also traces of alterations in some of the rooms at this period (ib. 161). On the Palatine the fire of 80
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
eatre of Marcellus, 513; begins the Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum), 6; terminal stones of Tiber banks, 538. 71Aqueducts restored, 22, 413, 417. 75Extends Pomerium, 395. Forum and Temple of Peace begun and dedicated in 75 A.D., 386. 79(before). Temple of Augustus burnt, 62, 84. 79-81 Reign of Titus: Titus begins Temple of Vespasian, 556: and Thermae, 533. 79Titus restores Aqua Marcia, 25, 417. 80Inaugural games in Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum), 6. Great fire of Titus: dest79Titus restores Aqua Marcia, 25, 417. 80Inaugural games in Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum), 6. Great fire of Titus: destroys Capitoline Temple, 300; Porticus of Octavia, 427; and its library, 85; Temple of Isis, 284; Theatrum of Balbus, 513; scaena of Pompey's Theatre, 517; Thermae of Agrippa, 518; Pantheon, 383; Saepta, 460, and Diribitorium, 151; Domus Tiberiana, 192; Basilica Neptuni, 81; Domus Aurea on Palatine, 172, 195. 80-81Arches in Circus Maximus, 45, 119. 81Titus repairs Aqua Claudia, 22, 413. 81-96Reign of Domitian: he restores Temple of Apollo Palatinus, 18, 19;
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Bassus, Caesius 1. A Roman lyric poet, who flourished about the middle of the first century. Quintilian (10.1.95) observes, " At Lyricorum idem Horatius fere solus legi dignus.... Si quemdam adjicere velis, is erit Caesius Bassus, quem nuper vidimus : sed eum longe praecedunt ingenia viventium." Two lines only of his compositions have been preserved, one of these, a dactylic hexameter from the second book of his Lyrics, is to be found in Priscian (x. p. 897, ed. Putsch); the other is quoted by Diomedes (iii. p. 513, ed. Putsch.) as an example of Molossian verse. The sixth satire of Persius is evidently addressed to this Bassus ; and the old scholiast informs us, that he was destroyed along with his villa in A. D. 79 by the eruption of Vesuvius which overwhelmed Herculaneum and Pompeii. He must not be confounded with
, they were attacked by Antonius, who conquered them near Bedriacum, and forthwith proceeded to assault Cremona, where most of the conquered had taken refuge. Alarmed at the success of Antonius, Caecina was released by his soldiers, and sent to Antonius to intercede on their behalf. Antonius despatched Caecina to Vespasian, who treated him with great honour. When the news of his treachery reached Rome, he was deprived of his consulship, and Roscius Regulus elected in his stead. (Tac. Hist. 1.52, 53, 61, 67-70, 2.20-25, 30, 41-44, 71, 99, 100, 3.13, 14, 31; D. C. 65.10, 14; Joseph. B. J. 4.11.3.) Nothing more is heard of Caecina till the latter end of the reign of Vespasian (A. D. 79), when he entered into a plot against the emperor, and was slain, by order of Titus, as he rose from a banquet in the imperial palace. (D. C. 66.16; Suet. Tit. 6.) According to Aurelius Victor (Epit. 10), Caecina was put to death by Titus because he suspected him of intriguing with his mistress Berenice.
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