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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 11 11 Browse Search
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 7 7 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 2 2 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: February 1, 1861., [Electronic resource] 1 1 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, BIBLIOTHECA PORTICUS OCTAVIAE (search)
BIBLIOTHECA PORTICUS OCTAVIAE established by Octavia after the death of Marcellus in 23 B.C. (Plut. Marc. 30; Ov. Trist. iii. 1. 69) in the porticus Octaviae (Boyd 8-10, 33-34). It was arranged by C. Melissus, a freedman of Maecenas (Suet. de gramm. 21), and divided into two sections, one for Greek and one for Latin books (CIL vi. 2347-9,2347=4431; 2349=5192. 4431-5, 5192). Library and books were burned in 80 A.D. (Cass. Dio lxvi. 24), but the books were probably replaced in the new building (Suet. Dom. 20). For the history of the building, and its parts, see PORTICUS OCTAVIAE.
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, DIRIBITORIUM (search)
ams of larch one hundred feet long and one and a half feet thick, of which one that had not been needed was kept in the Saepta as a curiosity (Cass. Dio, loc. cit.; Plin. NH xvi. 201 ; xxxvi. 102). Caligula placed benches in the Diribitorium and used it instead of the theatre when the sun was particularly hot (Cass. Dio lix. 7), and from its roof Claudius watched a great fire in the Aemiliana (Suet. Claud. 18). Cassius Dio (lxvi. 24) states that this building was burned in the great fire of 80 A.D., but also (lv. 8) that in his day (early third century) it was standing unroofed (a)xanh)s), because, after its wonderful roof of great beams had been destroyed, it could not be rebuilt. As it is impossible that such a building in this locality should not have been repaired after the fire of 80, we must suppose that it was a hall without a roof for one hundred and fifty years. We must also suppose that it was very near the Saepta to facilitate the counting of votes, but it is very difficult
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, TIBERIANA, DOMUS (search)
TIBERIANA, DOMUS * the palace erected by Tiberius on the north-west half of the Palatine. It is first mentioned in the accounts of the assassination of Galba (Tac. Hist. i. 27 (Otho) ... per Tiberianam domum in Velabrum, inde ad miliarium aureum sub aede Saturni pergit, cf. iii. 84; Suet. Otho 6; Vitell. 15 cum (Vitellius) ... incendium (on the Capitol) eTiberiana prospiceret domo inter epulas; Plut. Galba 24), and must have been destroyed, not in the fire of Nero, but in that of 80 A.D. (Suet. Tit. 8; I-ieron. a. Abr. 2096), for we are told that Vespasian o)li/ga e)n tw=| *palati/w| w)/|kei Cass. Dio lxv. io. 4. Josephus speaks of ta\ a)/nw basilei=a (B. Jud. vii. 5. 4). (which, if this palace, as well as the domus Transitoria, had been destroyed, he could not have done at all), and, as the construction and the brickstamps show, have been rebuilt under Domitian. Remains of an earlier house, in opus reticulatum, may be seen on the north side of the hill facing the Capitol, in
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, ISIS, AEDES (search)
C. (Cass. Dio liii. 2. 4), by Agrippa in 21 (ib. liv. 6. 6), and by Tiberius in 9 A.D. (Tac. Ann. ii. 85; Suet. Tib. 36), who is even said to have destroyed a temple of Isis and thrown her statue into the Tiber (Joseph. Ant. xviii. 3. 4). Between the reign of Tiberius and 65 A.D. (Lucan viii. 831) the cult of Isis had been officially received in Rome, and this temple in the campus Martius, if not built in the previous century, must have been built then, perhaps by Caligula. It was burned in 80 A.D. (Cass. Dio lxvi. 24. 2), restored by Domitian (Eutrop. vii. 23. 5; Chron. 146; Hier. a. Abr. 2110), and by Alexander Severus An inscription which was seen (it was impossible to copy it) on a large architrave belonging to an entrance to the Serapeum appeared to be a dedication by Septimus Severus and Caracalla (NS 1925, 239). who added to its treasures of art (Hist. Aug. Alex. xxvi. 8: Isium et Serapium decenter ornavit additis signis et Deliacis et omnibus mysticis; cf. Iuv. xii. 27: picto
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, IUPPITER OPTIMUS MAXIMUS CAPITOLINUS, AEDES (search)
e as hexastyle, with Corinthian columns, and statues of Jupiter, Juno (left), and Minerva (right), in the three central intercolumniations, but they differ in the number and position of the figures surmounting the pediment-quadrigae, eagles, heads of horses, and objects of an uncertain character (Cohen, Vesp. 486-493; Titus 242-245; Dom. 533; for a list of coins representing the temple at different periods, see Arch. Zeit. i 872, 1-8; Jord. i. 2. 88-90). This temple was again burned down in 80 A.D. (Cass. Dio lxvi. 24) and restored by Domitian (Suet. Dom. 5; Plut. Popl. 15; Eutrop. vii. 23; Chron. 146), although the actual work was apparently begun in 80 (Act. Arv. Henzen, cvi. 115-116). The dedication probably took place in 82 (Cohen, Dom. 230; Hier. a. Abr. 2105, wrongly). This structure surpassed the earlier in magnificence. It was hexastyle, of the Corinthian order, and its columns were of white Pentelic marble, a material used in no other Roman building (Plut. Popl. 15). The doo
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, OPS, AEDES, TEMPLUM (search)
i ad Forum; Fowler, Roman Festivals 273). The temple of Ops on the Capitol was famous as the place where Caesar stored the state treasure of 700,000,000 sesterces (Cic. ad Att. xiv. 14. 5; xvi. 14. 4; Phil. i. 17; ii. 35, 93; viii. 26; Veil. ii. 60. 4; cf. Obseq. 68). It is also mentioned incidentally by Cicero (ad Att. vi. I. 17) and in the Schol. Veron. of Vergil (Aen. ii. 714). At the celebration of the ludi saeculares in 17 B.C. the matronae assembled in this temple (CIL vi. 32323. 75; EE viii. 254), and the Arval Brethren in 80 A.D. (CIL vi. 2059. II). Military diplomas were fastened on its walls (dipl. hon. miss. xv a. 83, CIL iii. Suppl. p. 1962; EE v. 613), and it is possible that standard weights were also kept here (cf. a bronze weight with the inscription: templ(um) Opis aug(ustae), Ann. d. Inst. 1881, 182 f.; ILS 8637 a, b). The day of dedication of this temple was the festival of the Opiconsivia on 25th August (Jord. i. 2. 43; EE iii. 64-73; Rosch. iii. 933-934; WR 203).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, PANTHEON (search)
f himself and Augustus (Cass. Dio loc. cit.), and on the gable were sculptured ornaments of note (Plin. NH xxxvi. 38). The decoration was done by Diogenes of Athens, and Pliny goes on to say (loc. cit.) in columnis templi eius Caryatides probantur inter pauca operum (cf. xxxiv. 13: Syracusana (i.e. aenea) sunt in Pantheo capita columnarum a M. Agrippa posita). The position of these Caryatides has been much discussed, but is quite uncertain (Alt. 62-63). The Pantheon of Agrippa was burned in 80 A.D. (Cass. Dio Ixvi. 24. 2) and restored by Domitian (Chron. 146; Hier. a. Abr. 2105; cf. perhaps 2101). Again, in the reign of Trajan, it was struck by lightning and burned (Oros. vii. 12; Hier. a. Abr. 2127). The restoration by Hadrian (Hist. Aug. Hadr. 19) carried out after 126 (AJA 1912, 421) was in fact an entirely new construction, for even the foundations of the existing building date from that time. The inscription (see above) was probably placed by Hadrian in accordance with his well-k
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, PORTICUS OCTAVIAE (search)
the sister of Augustus (Fest. 178; Ov. AA i. 69), but really by Augustus and dedicated in the name of Octavia (Suet. Aug. 29; Cass. Dio xlix. 43; Liv. Ep. 138) at some time after 27 B.C. (cf. Vitr. iii 2. 5), in place of the PORTICUS METELLI (q.v.; Veil. i. I ) around the temples of Jupiter Stator and Juno (Plin. NH xxxvi. 42). The statement of Cassius Dio that it was built after 33 B.C. from the spoils of the war in Dalmatia, is due to confusion with the porticus Octavia. It was burned in 80 A.D. (Cass. Dio lxvi. 24) and restored, probably by Domitian, and again after a second fire in 203 by Severus and Caracalla (CIL vi. 1034). It was adorned with foreign marble (Ov. AA i. 70), and contained many famous works of art (Plin. NH xxxiv. 31; xxxv. 114, 139; xxxvi. 15, 22, 24, 28, 34, 35; cf. Neapolis ii. 234 n.). Besides the TEMPLES (q.v.) there were within the enclosure a BIBLIOTHECA (q.v.) erected by Octavia in memory of the youthful Marcellus (Suet. de gramm. 21; Plut. Marc. 30), a c
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, SAEPTA IULIA (search)
e)sga/gn|). Nero used the building for gymnastic exhibitions (Suet. Nero 12). In 17 B.C. the senate was convened here (acta lud. saec., CIL vi. 32323, 50), the only recorded occasion, and Tiberius addressed the people from a tribunal erected in it, after his return from the Illyrian campaign (Suet. Tib. 17; Cass. Dio lvi. 1). Pliny speaks of the works of art that it contained (NH xxxvi. 29), and Seneca of the crowds that frequented it (de ira ii. 8. 1). It was injured by the great fire of 80 A.D. (Cass. Dio lxvi. 24), but must have been restored at once, for it was a favourite resort in the time of Domitian for loungers, and a bazaar (Stat. Silv. iv. 5. 2; Mart. ii. 14. 5, 57. 2; ix. 59. 1; x. 80. 4). Another restoration was carried out by Hadrian (Hist. Aug. Hadr. 19), and the building is mentioned in the third century (id. Alex. 26), and on the post-Constantinian bronze collar of a slave (CIL xv. 7195). No reference has been found to it in the Middle Ages. It is certain that Augus
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, THERMAE AGRIPPAE (search)
was not completed until 19 B.C., it is probable that the laconicum was the original part of what afterwards became a complete establishment for bathing, which was then regularly called thermae. Agrippa adorned these baths with works of art, among which are mentioned paintings (Plin. NH xxxv. 26), and the Apoxyomenos of Lysippus, which was set up in front of them (id. xxxiv. 62). The hot rooms he is said to have finished with fresco on tiles (id. xxxvi. 189). The thermae were burned in 80 A.D. (Cass. Dio lxvi. 24: balanei=on), but must have been restored by Titus or Domitian, for they are mentioned by Martial (iii. 20. 15, 36. 6) as much frequented. Another restoration was carried out by Hadrian (Hist. Aug. Hadr. 19: Romae instauravit lavacrum Agrippae; cf. also a reference in CIL vi. 9797=AL 294). An inscription (vi. 1165) of 344/5 A.D. recording a restoration by Constantius and Constans of 'termas vetustate labefactas' was found near the church of S. Maria in Monterone close'
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