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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing),
, Adams, Cyrus Cornelius 1849- (search)
Adams, Cyrus Cornelius, 1849- Geographer; born in Naperville, Ill., Jan. 7, 1849; was educated at the University of Chicago, in 1876. On the founding of the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, was chosen president of its department of geography. He is widely known as a writer and lecturer on geographical topics; has travelled extensively; and was a delegate to the International Geographical Congress, in London, England, in 1895, and a speaker at the African Congress, in Atlanta, Ga., the same year. He has made a special study of the geography of Africa, and has collected for the Brooklyn Institute over 2,500 specimens of appliances used in the ten principal countries of the world in geographical education.
Adams, Fort, One of the largest and strongest defensive works in the United States; near Brenton Cove, 3 1/2 miles from the city of Newport, R. I. For several years the War Department has been engaged in providing for the most thorough fortification of Newport Harbor. In 1894 preliminary plans were completed calling for batteries of sixteen mortars each, to be grouped in sections of four mortars, and provided with a casemate for the gunners, and a wall of sufficient strength to resist hostile attack. Two of these batteries were planned to be erected at Dutch Island and Fort Adams. At both of these points there were already torpedo casements. The new Latter at Fort Adams was designed to assist in fortifying the main entrance to Narraganset Bay, while the one at Dutch Island would aid in resisting the approach of an enemy through what is called West Passage. Fort Adams mounts 460 guns, and besides being a work of protection for the city and harbor of Newport, it also protects