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George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 5, 13th edition. 28 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 32. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 6 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 20. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 2 0 Browse Search
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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 20. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.18 (search)
s, gives 600,000 as the greatest number of soldiers enlisted in the Confederate service. Tabulated, it would be as follows: Total Confederates enlisted600,000 Federals from Southern States276,439 Negroes178,975 Foreigners (estimated)144,586 ———600,000 Above we have given the estimated number of foreigners enlisted as soldiers in the Federal army. Later statistics show the nationality of all foreigners who fought for the Union as follows: Germans, 176,800; Irish, 144,200; British Americans, 53,500; English, 45,500; other foreigners, 74,900; total, 494,900. It will be seen that our estimate of 144,586 was really far below the actual facts. Thus it will be seen that the Federals had an army fully as large or larger than the entire Confederate enlistments without drawing a man from the Northern or non-slaveholding States. The Federal army in its report for May 1, 1865, had present for duty 1,000,516, while it had present equipped 602,598. The Confederates on Apri<
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 32. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The causes of the war [from the Sunday News, Charleston, S. C., November 28, 1897.] (search)
ampton, and General Ralph Izard were battling on the Canadian frontier, a thousand miles from their State, to protect the homes of New York and New England, the apathy of whose men, however, made the efforts of the South Carolina generals almost unavailing. In more than one instance one-half of the American force was beaten under the eyes of the other, which could not be induced to move till it was time to run away. General Hull, Governor of Michigan, surrendered an army of 2,500 Americans to a force of 600 British and 600 Indians at Detroit. This illustrates the lukewarmness of the Northerners even on their own ground. After the disgraceful surrender of Hull, of Michigan, General William Henry Harrison, of Virginia, took command on the northwestern frontier, and by vigorous efforts defended that line and brought the defence to a successful conclusion in the battle of Tippecanoe. The efforts of Colonel Scott, of Virginia, were rendered ineffectual by the incompetence
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 32. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.13 (search)
negroes in the Northern army aggregated 680,-917 or 80,917 more than the total strength of the Confederate army. There were 316,424 men of Southern birth in the Northern army. Mr. Lee's figures are as follows: Northern Army. Whites from the North,2,272,333 Whites from the South,316,424 Negroes,186,017 Indians,3,530 ——— Total,2,778,304 Southern army,600,000 ——— North's numerical superiority,2,178,304 In the Northern army there were: Germans,176,800 Irish,144,200 British Americans,53,500 English,45,500 Other nationalities,74,900 Negroes,186,017 ——— Total,680,917 Total of Southern soldiers,600,000 ——— Southern men in Northern army,316,424 Foreigners,494,900 Negroes,186,017 ——— Total,997,341 Armies at the wars end. Aggregate Federal Army May 1, 1865,1,000,516 Aggregate Confederate Army May, 1865,133,433 No. in Battle.Confederates.Federals. Seven days fight,80,835115,249 Antietam,35,25587,164 Chancellorsville,57,21213
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 32. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.31 (search)
Judah P. Benjamin. [from the New Orleans, la, Picayune, March 6, 1904.] Recollections of the great Confederate Secretary of State. Meetings with him in London in 1873—his Unfailing kindness to Americans. In a memorable address delivered a few months ago in Richmond, Va., the Honorable John Goode, in speaking of Judah P. Benjamin, described him as the great. This ascription of greatness to Benjamin has often been made tentatively, but the time is, without doubt, fast approaching when the fame of this eminent man will be universally recognized. Benjamin was one of the most remarkable men that the United States has produced, and the fact that he was a son of Louisiana is one of which the State may be well proud. It was the writer's honor to meet Mr. Benjamin a number of times and to become well acquainted with him in the summer of 1873. At this time Mr. Benjamin was enjoying a most lucrative law practice, and had his office in Lamb's Building, Temple Bar, London. This
ld have been wise and courageous, explained the plan of the ministry, I understand part of the plan of the army is, and which I very much approve, to make North America pay its own army. Rigby to the Duke of Bedford, 23 February, 1763, in Bedford Correspondence, III. 210. Compare, too, Calvert, resident secretary of Maryland in London, to Horatio Sharpe, deputy governor of Maryland, 1 March, 1763. I am by authority informed that a scheme is forming for establishing 10,000 men, to be British Americans standing force there, and paid by the colonies. that these regiments were, for the first year only, to be supported by England, Jasper Mauduit, agent of the province of Massachusetts, to the speaker of the House of Representatives, 12 March, 1763, to be found in Massachusetts' Council Letter Book of Entries, i. 384, relates, that, a few days before, the secretary at war had proposed an establishment of twenty regiments for America, to be supported the first year by England, afterwar
etter even than before, and would hunt deer for days together, taking his only rest under the trees; and as he strolled through the forest, with his ever ready musket in his hand, his serene mind was ripening for duty, he knew not how, by silent communion with nature. The movement in Virginia was directed against 1764, Jan. the prerogative. Vague rumors prevailed of new commercial and fiscal regulations, to be made by act of parliament; Letter to Lord George Germaine, 6, 7. and yet Americans refused to believe it possible that the British legislature would wilfully subvert their liberty. No remonstrance was prepared against the impending measures, of which the extent chap. IX.} 1764. Jan. was kept secret. Massachusetts, in January, 1764, with a view to effect the greatest possible reduction of the duty on foreign West Indian products, elected Hutchinson as its joint agent with Mauduit. But before he could leave the province, the house began to distrust him, and by a major
ly, but by naval and military officers, irresponsible to the civil power in the colonies. The penalties and forfeitures for breach of the revenue laws were to be decided in courts of vice-admiralty, without the interposition of a jury, by a single judge, who had no support whatever but from his share in the profits of his own condemnations. Such was the system which Grenville had carried far towards its complete development. The bounties which he had introduced, and the appointment of Americans to offices under the stamp act, were to pacify complaints; and that nothing might be wanting to produce contentment, pamphlets were sent over with the acts, one recommending the new regulations to the good opinion of the colonists, and another wishing them joy that Britain at this time had the most vigilant, upright, and able chancellor of the exchequer that ever served her since the days of Sir Robert Walpole. It was held that the power of parliament, according to the purest whig princ
soberly inquire, what right the parliament of Great Britain has to tax them. We were not sent out to be slaves, they continued, citing the example of ancient Greece, and the words of Thucydides; we are the equals of those who remained behind. Americans hold equal rights with those in Britain, not as conceded privileges, but as inherent and indefeasible rights. We have the rights of Englishmen, was the common voice, and as such we are to be ruled by laws of our own making, and tried by men ofmerica will be thought chap. XIV.} 1765. June of next. Boston Gazette. N. Y. Gazette. Hopkins's Grievances. Hutchinson's Correspondence. R. R. Livingston's Correspondence. It is plain, said even the calmest, Englishmen do not regard Americans as members of the same family, brothers, and equals, but as subordinates, bound to submit to oppression at their pleasure. A bill was even prepared, thus men warned each other against new dangers, that authorized quartering British soldiers up
ved from England at Boston; and the names of the stamp distributors were published on the eighth of August. But Grenville's craftily devised policy of employing Americans failed from the beginning. It will be as in the West Indies, clamored the people; there the negro overseers are the most cruel. Had you not rather, said a frn Stephen Johnson, the sincere and fervid pastor of the first church of Lyme. Bute, Bedford, and Grenville, said he to the people, will be had in remembrance by Americans as an abomination, execration, and curse. As the result of all, these measures tend to a very fatal civil war; and France and Spain would make advantage of ther; and would bind all fast with a military chain. Such counsels ended in Israel in such a revolt and wide breach as could never be healed. That this may end in a similar event is not impossible to the providence of God, nor more improbable to Britons than five years ago this Stamp Tax was to Americans. New London Gaz. No. 90.
t cause. Whenever that is the case, all will be over with the whole. There ought to be no New England man, no New-Yorker, known on the continent, but all of us Americans. These views prevailed; and in the proceedings of the Congress, the argument for American liberty from royal grants was avoided. This is the first chap. XVIII.} 1765. Oct. great step towards independence. Dummer had pleaded for colony charters; Livingston, Gadsden, and the Congress of 1765, provided for Americans self-existence and union, by claiming rights that preceded charters, and would survive their ruin. And how would that union extend? What nations would be included in the name of Americans? The members of that Congress believed themselves responsible for the liberties of the continent; and even while they were deliberating, the vast prairies of Illinois, the great eastern valley of the Mississippi, with all its rivers gushing from the Alleghanies, with all its boundless primeval forests, spreadin
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