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l Zollicoffer, with six regiments, in eastern Kentucky, fronting Cumberland Gap. Up to that time there were no Union troops in Kentucky, except a few regiments of Home Guards. Now, however, the State legislature called for active help; and General Anderson, exercising nominal command from Cincinnati, sent Brigadier-General Sherman to Nashville to confront Buckner, and Brigadier-General Thomas to Camp Dick Robinson, to confront Zollicoffer. Neither side was as yet in a condition of force and preparation to take the aggressive. When, a month later, Anderson, on account of ill health turned over the command to Sherman, the latter had gathered only about eighteen thousand men, and was greatly discouraged by the task of defending three hundred miles of frontier with that small force. In an interview with Secretary of War Cameron, who called upon him on his return from Fremont's camp, about the middle of October, he strongly urged that he needed for immediate defense sixty thousand,
and changed this period of traditional mourning into an occasion of general thanksgiving. But though the Misereres turned of themselves to Te Deums, the date was not to lose its awful significance in the calendar: at night it was claimed once more by a world-wide sorrow. The thanksgiving of the nation found its principal expression at Charleston Harbor, where the flag of the Union received that day a conspicuous reparation on the spot where it had first been outraged. At noon General Robert Anderson raised over Fort Sumter the indentical flag lowered and saluted by him four years before; the surrender of Lee giving a more transcendent importance to this ceremony, made stately with orations, music, and military display. In Washington it was a day of deep peace and thankfulness. Grant had arrived that morning, and, going to the Executive Mansion, had met the cabinet, Friday being their regular day for assembling. He expressed some anxiety as to the news from Sherman which h
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 2: Charleston Harbor. (search)
-nine soldiers and nine officers under Major Robert Anderson, who had command of the whole harbor a fire-eaters went even so far as to invite Major Anderson to comfortable dinners, and to tell him, inough, however, to suspend his judgment until Anderson could be heard; for he had lately become cogne inferred might at least technically justify Anderson's movement. On Friday, December 28th, he commissioners made an angry complaint against Anderson, and haughtily demanded explanations, threatetes flag, a signal which dispelled all doubts Anderson may have had that she indeed came to bring hio a second trial of bluster; next day he sent Anderson a formal demand for the surrender of Sumter. Anderson replied rather meekly that he could not comply with the demand; but that, if the governor ght. They caught eagerly at this truce which Anderson offered them; it would renew the negotiationsis name illustrious, repeated the strategy of Anderson, and moved his slender command, augmented by [18 more...]
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 4: Lincoln. (search)
r than he or the public were aware. He had come into office sharing the general belief that Major Anderson was secure in his stronghold of Sumter until the rebel batteries should become powerful enoud provisions for only a little more than a month longer, and adding the professional opinion of Anderson and his officers that a well-appointed fleet and an army of twenty thousand men would be neededacific inclinations, but not his optimism. He deferred his decision; gathered information from Anderson, from Charleston, from Richmond, waited in anxious suspense for news from Pickens. No substantial encouragement, however, reached him from any quarter. Anderson had no faith in a relief expedition. All union sentiment had disappeared from South Carolina. The Virginia Convention was evidentleared a change of sentiment. Four of his seven counsellors now voted for an attempt to relieve Anderson, and at the close of the meeting the President ordered the preparation of the expedition propos
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 5: Sumter. (search)
rebel authorities at once determined to make Anderson feel the pressure of the siege. Next day, orer delay. To permit provisions to be sent to Anderson, after three months of battery-building, wouls aids to make the demand, in answer to which Anderson, with the unanimous concurrence of his officerning of April 12th, Beauregard's aids handed Anderson a note stating that he would open fire upon Sn casemates and one behind the parapet. When Anderson took possession of it the preceding Christmasdepart, in order that they might help consume Anderson's small stock of provisions, and thus hasten s diffused; the rebel fire was concentrated. Anderson's barbette guns, more than half his pieces, wpowder rescued from the magazine; by order of Anderson, all but five were rolled out of the embrasurdiloquence than au thority, offered to permit Anderson to name his own terms of evacuation. Andersos, and the misunderstanding became apparent. Anderson, in some anger, was disposed to renew his fig[14 more...]
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 11: Kentucky. (search)
the supervision of United States officers. Leading men having informed him of the actual state of Kentucky sentiment, he, on May 7th, specially commissioned Major Anderson, of Fort Sumter fame, to proceed to Cincinnati and muster into service all loyal volunteers who might offer themselves from Kentucky and West Virginia. Nor w consisting of Kentucky and Tennessee, and named the Department of the Cumberland, was, on August 15th, created at Washington and placed under the command of General Anderson, and since September 1st that officer had made Louisville his headquarters. On the other hand, Buckner had abandoned his professed neutrality and his militir date of September 14th, instructed the Governor to demand the unconditional withdrawal of the rebel forces from Kentucky, while other resolutions called on General Anderson to enter at once upon the active defence of his native State. A little later, Kentucky still further and finally identified herself with the loyal North.
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Index. (search)
Index. A. Abercrombie, Colonel, 166 Alabama, attitude of with regard to secession, 2, 8; secession of, 14 Alexandria, Va., 102; fortified, 167 Alleghany Mountains, 126; 137 Anderson, Major, Robert, 22; transfers his forces to Fort Summer, 28 et seq.; his letter to Governor Pickens, 35; his reply to President Lincoln's letter, 58; his reply to Confederate authorities, 61, 131, 135 Annapolis, 100, 102 et seq.; route by, to the capital, 106 et seq. Arkansas, 80, 121 Aer and person, 47 et seq.; his speeches before inauguration, 48; inauguration of, 49; anxiety about Fort Sumter, 50 et seq.; orders the relief of Forts Sumter and Pickens, 53; his final resolution with regard to Fort Sumter, 55; his letter to Major Anderson, 58; communication to Gov. Pickens, 59; his first war proclamation, 73; interviews with Douglas, 76; blockades the insurgent ports, 78; interview with Baltimore committee, 100; issues a second call for volunteers, 106; his orders to P. F. Bla
se lieutenants was a very fascinating young man, of easy manners and affable disposition; the other was equally pleasant but extremely modest. On the morning when the muster was to take place, a tall, gawky, slab-sided, homely young man, dressed in a suit of blue jeans, presented himself to the lieutenants as the captain of the recruits, and was duly sworn in. The homely young man was Abraham Lincoln. The bashful lieutenant was he who afterward fired the first gun from Fort Sumter, Major Anderson. The other lieutenant, who administered the oath, was, in after years, the President of the Confederate States, Jefferson Davis. Dr. Harsha was in Carter Brothers' book store, in New York City, where he chanced to repeat this story to a friend. An elderly gentleman, who was sitting near by listening, arose and remarked that he was happy to be able to confirm the facts, as he was the chaplain at Fort Snelling at the time, and was fully able to corroborate each statement. A bystande
Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 1, Chapter 40: social relations and incidents of Cabinet life, 1853-57. (search)
s as painful to Mr. Davis as to the recipient of the order. Notably in the case of his dear and intimate friend, Major Robert Anderson, who had been stationed at a most agreeable and healthful post in Kentucky, and very much desired to remain thereSir: I have received your letter of the 22d ult., transmitting a petition of several citizens for the retention of Major Anderson, U. S. Army, as Governor of the Military Asylum at Harrodsburg Springs. In reply thereto, I have to inform you that the change of Brevet-Major Anderson's station results from a rule of the Department, lately instituted, that captains shall not be separated from their companies for the performance of detached duty. Major Anderson is an old friend of mine of mMajor Anderson is an old friend of mine of many years' standing, and if personal considerations controlled in such matters it would only be necessary for me to know his wishes. Should he apply for a leave of absence, it will be considered as favorably as the emergencies of the service will pe
Dec. 26. Fort Moultrie was evacuated to-night. Previous to the evacuation, the guns were spiked and the carriages destroyed by fire. The troops have all been conveyed to Fort Sumter. Major Anderson states that he evacuated the fort in order to allay time discussion about that post, and at the same time strengthen his own position.--(Doc. 7.) The evacuation of the fort commenced a little after sundown. The men were ordered to hold themselves in readiness, with knapsacks packed, at a moment's notice; but up to the moment of their leaving lad no idea of abandoning tlme post. They were reviewed on parade, and were then ordered to two schooners lying in the vicinity, where they embarked, taking with them all the necessaries, stores, &c., requisite in their evacuation. Several trips were made during the night, and a great part of the provisions and camp furniture were transported under cover of night. The brightness of the moon, however, afforded but slight concealment to thei
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