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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 16 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Douglas, Sir Charles, 1776-1789 (search)
Douglas, Sir Charles, 1776-1789 Naval officer; born in Scotland; joined the British navy; was placed in command of the fleet sent to the Gulf of St. Lawrence at the beginning of the Revolutionary War. Early in 1776 he relieved Quebec, then under siege by the Americans, after a difficult voyage through the drifting ice of the river. He introduced locks in lieu of matches for firing guns on board ships; and was promoted rear-admiral in 1787. He died in 1789. Douglas, Stephen Arnold
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Easton, James, 1763- (search)
Easton, James, 1763- Military officer; born in Hartford, Conn.: became a builder, and settled in Pittsfield, Mass., in 1763. Active in business and strong in intellect, he became a leader in public affairs there, and was chosen to a seat in the Massachusetts Assembly in 1774. He was also colonel in the militia, and held the position of leader of the minute-men of that town. When the expedition to assail Ticonderoga was organized in western Massachusetts, Colonel Easton joined Allen and Arnold in accomplishing the undertaking, and it was he who bore the first tidings of success to the Provincial Congress of Massachusetts. He died in Pittsfield, Mass.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Febiger, Christian (search)
Febiger, Christian Military officer; born on Fuinen Island, Denmark, in 1747; rendered military service before entering the American army in April, 1775; was in the battle of Bunker Hill, where he led a portion of a regiment of which he was adjutant; accompanied Arnold to Quebec a few months afterwards, where he was made a prisoner; and served with great fidelity throughout the war He was conspicuous in the assault on Stony Point (July, 1779), leading one of the attacking columns; also at Yorktown, where he commanded the 2d Virginia Regiment, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel. From 1789 till his death, in Philadelphia, Sept. 20, 1796, Colonel Febiger was treasurer of the State of Pennsylvania.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Federal Union, the John Fiske (search)
re governed less and less by their local magistrates, more and more by prefects responsible to the emperor only. There were other co-operating causes, economical and social, for the decline of the empire; but this change alone, which was consummated by the time of Diocletian, was quite enough to burn out the candle of Roman strength at both ends. With the decrease in the power of the local governments came an increase in the burdens of taxation and conscription that were laid upon them. Arnold, Roman Provincial administration, 237. And as the dislocation of commerce and industry caused by the barbarian inroads, and the increasing demands of the central administration for the payment of its countless officials and the maintenance of its troops, all went together, the load at last became greater than human nature could endure. By the time of the great invasions of the fifth century, local political life had gone far towards extinction throughout Roman Europe, and the tribal organ
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), French assistance. (search)
armies. On all points of precedence and etiquette the French officers were instructed to give place to the American officers. At the solicitation of Washington, the French fleet at Newport sailed for the Virginia waters to assist in capturing Arnold, then marauding in Virginia. The fleet was to co-operate with Lafayette, whom Washington had sent to Virginia for the same purpose. The British blockading squadron, which had made its winter-quarters in Gardiner's Bay, at the eastern end of Lon of the French fleet caused Lafayette to halt in his march at Annapolis, Md. Two of the French vessels, taking advantage of a storm that disabled the blockading squadron, entered Chesapeake Bay (February, 1781). Thus threatened by land and water, Arnold withdrew to Portsmouth, so far up the Elizabeth River as to be out of the reach of the French ships. There he was reinforced by troops under General Phillips, of the Convention troops, who had been exchanged for General Lincoln. The French ship
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Greene, Christopher 1737- (search)
Greene, Christopher 1737- Military officer; born in Warwick, R. I., May 12, 1737; was major in the army of observation authorized by the legislature of Rhode Island. He accompanied Arnold through the wilderness to Quebec in the fall of 1775, and was made prisoner in the attack on that city at the close of Decem ber. In October, 1776, he was put in command of a regiment, and was placed in charge of Fort Mercer, on the Delaware, which he gallantly defended the next year. He took part in Sullivan's campaign in Rhode Island in 1778, and in the spring of 1781 his quarters on the Croton River, Westchester co., N. Y., were surrounded by a party of loyalists, and he was slain May 13, 1781. For his defence of Fort Mercer, Congress voted him a sword in 1786, and it was presented to his eldest son.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hartford conventions. (search)
of the highest reputation as possessor of the qualities of a good citizen. Daniel Lyman was a soldier of the Revolution, and rose to the rank of major in the Continental army. After the peace he settled as a lawyer in Rhode Island, where he became distinguished for talents and integrity. He was chief-justice of the Supreme Court of that State. Samuel Ward was a son of Governor Ward, of Rhode Island, and at the age of eighteen years was a captain in the Continental army. He was with Arnold in his expedition to Quebec, in 1775. At that city he was made a prisoner. Before the close of the war he rose to the rank of colonel. He was elected a member of the convention held at Annapolis, Md., in 1786, which was the inception of the convention that framed the national Constitution. Benjamin Hazard was a native of Rhode Island, and a lawyer, in which profession he was eminent. He served for many years in the legislature of his State. Edward Manton was a native of Rhode Islan