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Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Army Life in a Black Regiment, chapter 2 (search)
saw, white or black; they range admirably in size, have remarkable erectness and ease of carriage, and really march splendidly. Not a visitor but notices them; yet they have been under drill only a fortnight, and a part only two days. They have all been slaves, and very few are even mulattoes. December 4, 1862. Dwelling in tents, with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. This condition is certainly mine,--and with a multitude of patriarchs beside, not to mention Caesar and Pompey, Hercules and Bacchus. A moving life, tented at night, this experience has been mine in civil society, if society be civil before the luxurious forest fires of Maine and the Adirondack, or upon the lonely prairies of Kansas. But a stationary tent life, deliberately going to housekeeping under canvas, I have never had before, though in our barrack life at Camp Wool I often wished for it. The accommodations here are about as liberal as my quarters there, two wall-tents being placed end to end, for office
Charles Congdon, Tribune Essays: Leading Articles Contributing to the New York Tribune from 1857 to 1863. (ed. Horace Greeley), Mr. Mason's manners. (search)
its inculcations, have shown to John Randolph, of Roanoke, (clarum et venerable nomen!) the impropriety of approaching in a pair of buckskin breeches the enthroned Majesty of Muscovy? or of falling before Royalty upon his knees? For performing these two feats, the Lord of Roanoke drew eighteen thousand dollars from the treasury of his country, and did that country no conceivable service whatever. Might not a little previous study have saved Minister Hannegan from devoting himself more to Bacchus than to Vatel, Puffendorf and Wheaton, and from being kicked out of the principal taverns near the court to which he was accredited? Might not such a volume have saved James Buchanan (with due reverence his name is here mentioned) from the gross impropriety of the Ostend Conference? Might not such a volume have persuaded a certain Secretary of Legation not to desecrate the sacred seal of Columbia? Might it not have wheedled and coaxed another Secretary of Legation into paying his debts b
dent spirit. Each vessel was profanely christened with rum. He who first took this noble stand in the cause of temperance, in that day when all was drunkenness around, deserves our thanks, and ought to be encouraged in every good work by the result of that effort. The resolution was formed on a bright autumnal morning, as the only means of preserving the virtue of several apprentices, and at first called forth ridicule and reproach. No rum! No rum!! was written by these young devotees of Bacchus on every clapboard of the workshop, on each timber and chip in the yard. Some refused to work; others cursed and swore. But firmness gave opportunity for reflection, which, in a few, approved the decision, whose number increased, till, in two years, they became the majority, and, in five, drove the monster from every yard,--a result in which we heartily rejoice. The sermon gives a religious aspect to ship-building. It may symbolize human life. The wood and metals of which a hull is
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 2.15 (search)
ssession, the worst danger was supposed to be over, and the poor dejected fellows cheered up a little. By night, from a reaction of feeling, the men were quite bright and jolly. Chatting and smoking over the camp fires we all came to the conclusion that the devil was not so black as he was painted after all. My mess discussed the Madeira which I had brought with great satisfaction, the wine shaken into such a muddy condition, as to be unrecognizable, and drunk from tin cups. Oh! outraged Bacchus! Soon the men were all peacefully sleeping on that soil for whose freedom they were struggling, all dangers and anxieties for the time forgotten, but they were booted and dressed ready to mount at a moment's notice. A chilly wintry night was succeeded by a gloomy leaden gray dawn. As the cavalrymen aroused themselves a strange sight met their half-blinded eyes. Great clouds of heavy black smoke were drifting through the camp, and their horses in alarm were straining uneasily at their ha
A small variety of cymbals played with the finger and thumb resemble castanets in the mode of using to beat the measure of the dance. They are shown in the paintings of Herculaneum, and were sometimes attached to the ankles of the flute-players. See castanets. Cymbals are also represented in the sculptures of Nimroud. The cymbals were used in religious and patriotic observances by the Egyptians, Assyrians, Jews, Etrurians, Greeks, and Romans; by the Greeks in the worship of Cybele, Bacchus, and Juno; indeed, Xenophon says that the cymbal was invented by Cybele, and used at her feasts, at a period corresponding to our date of 1580 B. C. The origin of the cymbal was evidently heroic; swords and shields being clashed in the warlike dances of the semi-barbarous people of the countries bordering on the Mediterranean. In a Persian dance of the times of Cyrus and Cambyses, the movements were performed to the music of the flute, the performers dashing their crescent-shaped shie
beaten in the modern manner. The derbekkch of modern Syria is similar to the Egyptian darabooka, as their names indicate. Much ornament is lavished upon the cases of the Syrian instruments, as may be seen in Thomson's The land and the book. Oriental nations have very imperfect ideas of melody and harmony, but are very industrious players on the drum, castanets, and tambourine, accompanied by the twanging of guitars and the clapping of hands. The invention of the drum is ascribed to Bacchus, who, according to Polygoenus, gave his signal of battle by cymbal and drum. It was, however, known in very early ages, and in some form or other among almost all nations. Drums of the barrel and kettle variety were used in Ancient Greece, and were beaten by hand and by sticks. The instrument came from Egypt, and passed from Greece to Rome. After an interval, in which the classic civilization made a pause, the drum was re-imported into Europe by the Saracens about 713; its Arabic na
arrow slung over the shoulder by a cord. See harrow Osiris taught the way and manner of tillage and good management of the fruits of the earth. Isis found out the way of cultivating wheat and barley, which before grew here and there in the fields, among the common herbs and grass, and the use of them was unknown. — Diodorus Siculus. The early deifications were many of them of individuals who had opened up sources of agricultural prosperity. Isis was the Greek Ceres; Osiris became Bacchus, the Father Liber of the erudite Pliny The great efficiency of the engineering works believed to have been executed by Sesostris, about 1800 B. C., indicates a great progress in the agriculture to which this scheme of irrigation was subservient. The alluvium of the valley of the Nile, however, never was plowed in the manner we consider essential to good husbandry on our soils. Some of the Egyptians lightly run over the surface of the earth with a plow, after the water is fallen, an
his emblem, and appears in several basso-relievos and Etruscan vases. As with the treatment by the Greeks of the Egyptian pantheon and rites, so with the Dionysiac worship imported from India: the ceremonies became orgies, and the festivals of Bacchus became a mere saturnalia, where the devotees dressed as satyrs, the antitype of the modern Carnival Even the more sedate Father Liber of the erudite Pliny did not escape infection. To establish the parallel more distinctly, it may be said thating under canopies or umbrellas, watching the fight or the play. The Greek ladies wore straw hats and bonnets (Pollux, Theocr. ). The Roman men wore broadbrimmed felt hats, petasus (wide-awakes). Christie describes an Etruscan vase in which Bacchus presents a dove to a seated female, while an umbrella is held above their heads by another female Anglo-Saxon umbrella Fig. 6857 is from the Harleian Manuscript, No. 603, and represents a servant holding an umbrella over his master. Its u
probably differ but little from those used on the same steppes twenty-five centuries ago. See cart. Scythian wagon. The four-wheeled wagons in the triumphal procession of Ptolemy Philadelphus were of large size; that bearing the image of Bacchus was 14 cubits long and 8 wide, drawn by 180 men. Then followed a wine-press mounted on a four-wheeled wagon 20 cubits long and 16 in width, and drawn by 300 men. The press was full of grapes, and tramped by 60 satyrs, with Silenus as president. purpose; a pair of screws are shown in a Pompeian painting. The oil-presses were of substantially similar construction. Syrian wine-press (from Kitto). The treading operation was also common and is represented in a mosaic of a temple of Bacchus at Rome. It is substantially the same as that used in the Syrian wine-press of modern times, shown in the accompanying cut. Wine-Tasters. Wine-tast′er. A tube for withdrawing liquors from a jar, bottle, or cask. It has a larger openin
ar. Many that ventured to drink at all under such circumstances found it hard to avoid excesses. But this evil was not confined to the soldiers. In the councils of the General government and State governments its baleful influence was felt. And some bold, stupid men declared that they had never heard of anything great being accomplished in war without the aid of whiskey. Such a remark could not have been made in seriousness; it was the senseless babbling of some wretched votary of Bacchus. The best and ablest officers of the army sought by example and by precept to suppress this vice; and the following noble language from General Bragg is a sample of the general orders issued from time to time against the evils which infested our armies: Commanders of all grades are earnestly called upon to suppress drunkenness by every means in their power. It is the cause of nearly every evil from which we suffer; the largest portion of our sickness and mortality results from it;
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