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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing),
National Academy of Science, (search)
National Academy of Science, A scientific organization incorporated by act of Congress, March 3, 1863; first meeting April 22, 1863, Alexander D. Bach first president; duties consist in the investigation, examination, experimenting, and reporting on any subject of science and art. The actual cost of investigation, etc., is paid for by the United States government; no other compensation is received. At first the number of members was limited to fifty—since 1870 to 100; a limited number of foreign members are admitte
Tom, Popularly known as blind Tom, musician; born blind, and of negro slave parents, near Columbus, Ga., May 25, 1849. During infancy he gave no sign of intelligence excepting when he heard a sound; was afterwards precocious in learning words, but while he could repeat whole conversations that he had heard, words had no meaning to him, and he made known his wants by inarticulate sounds. His performances on the piano were wonderful and he could reproduce from memory over 5,000 compositions, including the most difficult selections from Beethoven, Chopin, Thalberg, Bach, and Gottschalk.