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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The treatment of prisoners during the war between the States. (search)
June, 1865, the inmates of Rock Island were subjected to starvation and all its attendant horrors. I know that this charge was denied by the officers of that prison at the very time the atrocity was being perpetrated. God may forgive whoever caused the deed to be done, but surely there is little hope for whoever denies it now. The following is a copy of a circular from the Commissary General of Prisoners, dated June 1st, 1864. It is the ration ordered for each prisoner per day: Pork or Bacon10 ounces, in lieu of fresh beef. Fresh beef14 ounces.  Flour or soft bread16 ounces.  Hard bread14 ounces, in lieu of flour or soft bread. Corn meal16 ounces, in lieu of flour or soft bread. Beans or peas12 1/2 pounds,to 100 rations. Or rice or hominy8 pounds, Soap4 pounds, Vinegar3 quarts, Salt3 3/4 pounds, Now all this means only bread and meat--sixteen ounces of the former, and fourteen ounces of the latter; and we will add one-hundredth part of eight pounds of hominy. For
allowed which were never forthcoming. Coffee, sugar, rice, vegetables, and beans, we never had, save for two or three weeks during the first year of service; we knew, however, that Government did the best it could, and therefore, as patriots, did not murmur, but bought what we could. Coffee, as Southerners, we could not do without; hence, if on picket, we exchanged tobacco for it with the Yankees, but otherwise used parched barley as a substitute, as the whole South was cheerfully doing. Bacon or beef, with baker's bread, or flour, were the only rations we had regularly: any luxurious addition to this simple fare we had to purchase, and this at the most preposterously high price. For example: even in this, an agricultural country, turkeys sold for four dollars and five dollars each; two chickens, ditto; wretched liquors at twenty dollars and thirty dollars per gallon, and seldom to be had even at that; common coarse homespun jeans, five dollars per yard; common Manchester pri
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, XXII. January, 1863 (search)
the speculating and extortion practiced upon the public cannot be better illustrated than by the following grocery bill for one week for a small family, in which the prices before the war and those of the present are compared: 1860.1863. Bacon, 10 lbs. at 12c$1.25 Flour, 30 lbs. at 5c1.00 Sugar, 5 lbs. at 8c40 Coffee, 4 lbs. at 12 1/2c50 Tea (green), 1/2 lb. at $150 Lard, 4 lbs. at 12c50 Butter, 3 lbs. at 25c75 Meal, 1 pk. at 25c25 Candles, 2 lbs. at 15c30 Soap, 5 lbs. at 10c50 Pepper and salt (about)10 Total$6.55 Bacon, 10 lbs. at $1$10.00 Flour, 30 lbs. at 12c3.75 Sugar, 5 lbs. at $1.155.75 Coffee, 4 lbs. at $520.00 Tea (green), 1/2 lb. at $168.00 Lard, 4 lbs. at $14.00 Butter, 3 lbs. at $1.755.25 Meal, 1 pk. at $11.00 Candles, 2 lbs. at $1.252.50 Soap, 5 lbs. at $1.105.00 Pepper and salt (about)2.50 Total$68.25 So much we owe the speculators, who have stayed at home to prey upon the necessities of their fellow-citizens. We have just l
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, XXIII. February, 1863 (search)
he members, Mr. Anderson, read the following table of the prices of Agricultural produce. Before the war. White wheat, per bushel$1.50 Flour, per barrel7.50 Corn, per bushel70 Hay, per hundred1.00 Hides, per pound7 Beef, per pound8 Bacon, per pound13 Lard, per pound15 Butter, per pound30 Irish potatoes1.00 Sweet potatoes1.00 Apple brandy1.00 Wool, per pound30 Now. White wheat, per bushel$4.50 Flour, per barrel22.00 Corn, per bushel3.50 Hay, per hundred3.50 Hides, per pound40 Beef, per pound50 Bacon, per pound60 Lard, per pound1.00 Butter, per pound1.50 Irish potatoes6.00 Sweet potatoes6.00 Apple brandy15.00 Wool, per pound2.00 Manufactures. Bar iron, per pound 4 Nails, per pound4 Leather, sole, per pound25 Leather, upper, per pound33 Bar iron, per pound 20 Nails, per pound60 Leather, sole, per pound2.50 Leather, upper, per pound3.50 cotton goods. Osnaburgs, per yard10 Brown cotton, per yard10 Sheeting, per yard 15
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, Xxiv. March, 1863 (search)
without children. They lend us many articles indispensable for our comfort. It is probable they will leave us soon in the sole occupancy of the house. There is ground enough for a good many vegetables-and meat is likely to be scarce enough. Bacon is now $1.37, cts. per pound, and flour $30 per barrel. The shadow of the gaunt form of famine is upon us! But the pestilence of small-pox is abating. We have now fine March weather; but the floods of late have damaged the railroad bridges others. Most of them were little indigent girls! March 14 Gen. Pemberton writes that he has 3000 hogsheads of sugar at Vicksburg, which he retains for his soldiers to subsist on when the meat fails. Meat is scarce there as well as here. Bacon now sells for $1.50 per pound in Richmond. Butter $3. I design to cultivate a little garden 20 by 50 feet; but fear I cannot get seeds. I have sought in vain for peas, beans, corn, and tomatoes seeds. Potatoes are $12 per bushel. Ordinary chi
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, XXV. April, 1863 (search)
Gen. Jos. E. Johnston has assumed the command of the army of Tennessee. Gen. Howell Cobb is preparing for the defense of Florida. We do not hear a word from Lee or Jackson — but this is the ominous silence preceding their decisive action. Bacon fell to-day from $2 to $1.50 per pound, and butter from $3.50 to $3.25; potatoes are $16 per bushel. And yet they say there is no scarcity in the country. Such supplies are hoarded and hidden to extort high prices from the destitute. An intellansemond, is laid at the door of Major-Gen. French, a Northern man! Can it be Gen: Cooper (Northern) who procures the appointment of so many Northern generals in our army? I cut the following from the Dispatch of yesterday: Produce, etc.-Bacon has further declined, and we now quote $1.25 to $1.30 for hog-round; butter, $2.25 to $3 per pound; beans in demand at $20 per bushel. Corn is lower — we quote at $6 to $6.50 per bushel; corn meal, $7 to $9 per bushel — the latter figure for a l<
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, XXX. September, 1863 (search)
nant to a captaincy. The colonel is great in operations of this nature; and Col. Preston is sufficiently good natured to recommend the recommendation to the Secretary of War, who, good easy man, will not inquire into his age, etc. Gold is worth from 1000 to 1500 per cent. premium; and yet one who has gold can buy supplies of anything, by first converting it into Confederate notes at low prices. For instance, coal at $30 is really bought for $3 per load. A fine horse at $1000 for $100. Bacon, at $2 per pound is only 20 cents; boots at $100 is only $10, and so on. Thank Heaven! the little furniture, etc. we now have is our own --costing less to buy it than the rent we paid for that belonging to others up to the beginning of the month. A history of the household goods we possess would, no doubt, if it could be written, be interesting to haberdashers. I think we have articles belonging in their time to twenty families. The following list of prices is cut from yesterday's
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, XXXII. November, 1863 (search)
ince a load of flour was sent to an auction-house on Cary Street to be sold at auction. The proprietors of the house very properly declined to receive it, refusing to dispose of breadstuffs under the hammer, where men of money, and destitute of souls, would have an opportunity of buying it up and withdrawing it from market. corn-meal.-This article is bringing from $18 to $20 per bushel, and scarce at that. country produce and vegetables.-We give the following as the wholesale rates: Bacon, hoground, $2.75 to $3; lard, $2.25 to $2.30; butter, $3.75 to $4; eggs, $2 to $2.25; Irish potatoes, $7.50 to $8; sweet potatoes, $10.50 to $12; tallow candles, $4 per pound; salt, 45 cents per pound. Groceries.-Coffee-wholesale, $9 per pound, retail, $10; sugar, $2.85 to $3.25; sorghum molasses, wholesale, $10, and $14 to $15 at retail; rice, 30 to 35 cents. liquors.-Whisky, $55 to $70 per gallon, according to quality, apple brandy, $50; high proof rum, $50; French brandy, $80 to $
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, XXXIII. December, 1863 (search)
returned yesterday. The following prices are quoted in to-day's papers: The specie market has still an upward tendency. The brokers are now paying $18 for gold and selling it at $21; silver is bought at $14 and sold at $18. grain.--Wheat may be quoted at $15 to $18 per bushel, according to quality. Corn is bringing from $14 to $15 per bushel. flour.-Superfine, $100 to $105; Extra, $105 to $110. corn-meal.-From $15 to $16 per bushel. country produce and vegetables.-Bacon, hoground, $3 to $3.25 per pound; lard, $3.25 to $3.50; beef, 80 cents to $1; venison, $2 to $2.25; poultry, $1.25 to $1.50; butter, $4 to $4.50; apples, $65, to $80 per barrel; onions, $30 to $35 per bushel; Irish potatoes, $8 to $10 per bushel; sweet potatoes, $12 to $15, and scarce; turnips, $5 to $6 per bushel. These are the wholesale rates. Groceries.-Brown sugars firm at $3 to $3.25; clarified, $4.50; English crushed, $4.60 to $5; sorghum molasses, $13 to $14 per gallon; rice, 30
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, chapter 37 (search)
ty of the abandonment of the city! We were paid to-day in $5 bills. I gave $20 for half a cord of wood, and $60 for a bushel of common white cornfield beans. Bacon is yet $8 per pound; but more is coming to the city than usual, and a decline may be looked for, I hope. The farmers above tne city, who have been hoarding grainily. March 9 A frosty morning, with dense fog; subsequently a pretty day. This is the famine month. Prices of every commodity in the market-up, up, up. Bacon, $10 to $15 per pound; meal, $50 per bushel. But the market-houses are deserted, the meat stalls all closed, only here and there a cart, offering turnips, cabbageand some do not get any for several days together. Meal is $50 per bushel. I saw adamantine candles sell at auction to-day (box) at $10 per pound; tallow, $6.50. Bacon brought $7.75 per pound by the 100 pounds. My good friend Dr. Powell and his family were absent from the farm near the city during the late raid. The enemy c
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