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nd thus disturbing the pretended neutrality of Kentucky. The Secretary of War and Governor Harris both remonstrated; but President Davis replied to his explanations, Necessity justifies your action. Polk was rapidly fortifying, when General Johnston arrived at Columbus. About this time, September 10th, Grant wrote to Fremont, proposing to attack Columbus, which, under the circumstances, seems to the writer judicious though apparently bold; but Fremont took no notice of his application. Badeau's Life of Grant, vol. i., p. 13. After the failure of the campaign projected against St. Louis, in the summer of 1861, General Polk turned his attention toward perfecting the river-defenses. Missouri and Arkansas were added to his department, but he was unable to avail himself of these increased powers, as the defense of the Mississippi was his main object, and occupied all his resources. Dr. Polk says : Finding in Island No.10 a most advantageous position, works were begun ther
says his object was to make a reconnaissance. Badeau says: At two o'clock, on the morning of 50, and, in a letter to his father, at 3,000. Badeau says there were 3,114 men. A soldier correspon-field, states the force engaged at 3,500. General Badeau's statement, as the most deliberate, oughtof cutting off the retreat to the transports. Badeau says, Life of Grant, vol. i., p. 16. Granoubtless, they were a good deal disorganized. Badeau continues: He (Grant) was anxious to gete. When the column came in collision with it, Badeau says: It was instantly cried, We are surd as Pelopidas-or at least as his biographer. Badeau adds: As soon as the troops found that td later, as strewed with wounded and dead. Badeau denies any rout, and says, The hot pursuit was of Grant, says, The rebels lost 2,800 men. Badeau says: At Belmont, General Grant lost 485 the writer is constrained to believe that General Badeau is in error in his statement of the losses
a little longer. These commands were moved with extraordinary precautions. Although there was no fighting, the soldiers suffered greatly from cold, and from the effects of a violent storm of rain and snow. They subsisted chiefly on plunder. Badeau's Life of Grant, vol. i., p. 25; McClellan's report, Rebellion record, vol. IV., p. 49. General Polk believed that the retreat of these columns was due to a movement toward their rear by 1,000 cavalry and some Confederate infantry regiments sen On January 29th Grant wrote Halleck fully, urging an immediate advance and attack on Fort Henry, and thence on Fort Donelson, Memphis, or Columbus. Halleck gave the fullest authority, and instructions, also, for the execution of the plan. Badeau says: On the 2d of February Grant started from Cairo with 17,000 men on transports. Foote accompanied him with seven gunboats, and on the 4th the debarkation began at Bailey's Ferry, on the east bank, three miles below Fort Henry. The
olumn at Fort Henry, stated by his biographer, Badeau, at 15,000 men, was receiving accessions from e been easier than to prepare obstructions. Badeau's Life of Grant, vol. i., p. 36. The colund Grant's force at from 30,000 to 35,000. Badeau says: On the last day of the fight Grantated by the circumstances of the case; but General Badeau's figures will prove, on a rigid investigation, below the mark. Badeau's Life of Grant, vol. i., p. 36. After leaving the bottom-landey's light battery-in all about 1,700 strong. Badeau says of the Federal operations: Skirmish put the whole line of defense upon a strain. Badeau comments on the fact that there was no effort e river, and threw a few shells at long range (Badeau). Though it might have been apparent to thh underbrush, as well as extremely exposed. Badeau's Life of Grant, vol. i., p. 46. The vete of Fort Donelson went into Northern prisons. Badeau, in estimating the results of the victory, say[2 more...]
ovements reach these points from the river without very serious opposition. Avoid any general engagement with strong forces. It will be better to retreat than to risk a general battle. This should be strongly impressed upon the officers sent with the expedition from the river. General C. F. Smith, or some very discreet officer, should be selected for such commands. Having accomplished these objects, or such of them as may be practicable, you will return to Danville and move on Paris. Badeau's Life of Grant, vol. i., p. 596. Halleck's ultimate objective point was Memphis, which he expected to reach by forcing a column down the Mississippi; and the movement up the Tennessee was, at first, only subsidiary. It was meant to cut the communications from Memphis east, and prevent reinforcements to the Confederates on the Mississippi. Afterward, when the concentration of troops at Corinth was reported to him, with wonderful exaggerations of the Confederate strength-100,000, 200,
t a thunderbolt from a clear sky could not have astonished them more than the boom of artillery on Sunday morning. In Badeau's Life of Grant (page 600) occurs the following correspondence. The first communication is a telegram from General Grantnot apprehend anything like an attack upon our position. Sherman. To General Grant. In view of these quotations from Badeau's book, argument would seem entirely unnecessary in order to show that there was scarcely the faintest idea of an attack Confederate movement in force. Grant and Sherman evidently expected some skirmishing on outposts, but nothing more. General Badeau's commentaries on his own text are really amusing. He dwells on Grant's letters, quoted above, which, however, speakhad his horses saddled, to be ready in case of an attack. These are not the indications of a camp that is surprised. Badeau indulges somewhat oracularly in a piece of special pleading, very wonderful in view of the facts. He says: Private
l. But the sound of hostile cannon hurried his breakfast; and he went on board a transport, leaving a note for Buell, Badeau, in his Life of Grant, vol. i., p. 75, gives this note thus: Heavy firing is heard up the river, indicating plainly thatosite Pittsburg. and an order for Nelson to march to the river opposite Pittsburg. Grant sent this order to Nelson. Badeau's Life of Grant, vol. i., p. 75. Grant stopped at Crump's Landing, to order Lew Wallace to hold himself in readinessd, and was promptly communicated to my command. General Buell had reached Pittsburg Landing about one o'clock; or, as Badeau states (page 82), midway in the afternoon. He says: I found Grant on his boat, with two or more of his staff, in t time the remainder of General Nelson's division crossed, and General Crittenden's arrived from Savannah by steamers. Badeau says (page 84): A battery of artillery, well posted by Colonel Webster, of Grant's staff, did good service at this
him; and then McCook. The interval between McCook and Wallace was occupied by such commands of Grant's army as the officers had been able to get into shape. Badeau Life of Grant, page 86) says: All the camps originally occupied by the national troops were in the hands of the enemy, but the rebel advance had been checke The Comte de Paris says (volume i., page 542) that Sherman told him that Sunday's battle was the most terrible that he had witnessed during his whole career. Badeau remarks (volume i., page 78) in regard to the assault on Sherman Sunday morning, that it was successful, after several hours of as desperate fighting as was ever nd march was turned into a siege of the South. Halleck took chief command on the 9th, and Grant, though left nominally second in command, was, as his biographer, Badeau, admits, under a cloud, unconsulted, unemployed, and in disgrace. If he had not possessed excellent qualities for war, not to be disregarded in perilous times, h
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), Vicksburg during the siege. (search)
arved garrison until, at Enterprise, Mr. Davis told them that Bragg would pave Rosecrans' way in gold if he (Bragg) could get the Federal general to attack him on Lookout Mountain — with more of the same sort; and where Johnston, following, spoke more to the point, in saying: Soldiers! I hope to see you soon, with arms in your hands, in the presence of the enemy! Who was to blame? The answer is, everybody-nobody. There were great adverse odds to begin with. General Grant, according to Badeau, had 130,000 men at his disposal with which to effect the reduction of Vicksburg; while the effectives of Johnston and Pemberton combined-and they were never combined-never reached one-third that number. General Johnston was too sick when he arrived at Jackson to take command in the field ( Narrative, page 187), an illness which infected the very life-blood of our enterprise, like the Earl of Northumberland's. General Johnston covers the whole ground in saying of General Pemberton, His des
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Outbreak of the rebellion-presiding at a Union meeting-mustering officer of State troops- Lyon at camp Jackson-services tendered to the government (search)
r obt. svt., U. S. Grant This letter failed to elicit an answer from the Adjutant-General of the Army. I presume it was hardly read by him, and certainly it could not have been submitted to higher authority. Subsequent to the war General [Adam] Badeau having heard of this letter applied to the War Department for a copy of it. The letter could not be found and no one recollected ever having seen it. I took no copy when it was written. Long after the application of General Badeau, General TownsGeneral Badeau, General Townsend, who had become Adjutant-General of the Army, while packing up papers preparatory to the removal of his office, found this letter in some out-of-the-way place. It had not been destroyed, but it had not been regularly filed away. I felt some hesitation in suggesting rank as high as the colonelcy of a regiment, feeling somewhat doubtful whether I would be equal to the position. But I had seen nearly every colonel who had been mustered in from the State of Illinois, and some from Indiana,
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