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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 65 3 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bainbridge, William, 1774-1833 (search)
Bainbridge, William, 1774-1833 Naval officer; born in Princeton, N. J., May 7, 1774. At the age of sixteen years he went to sea, and at nineteen commanded a ship. On the reorganization of the navy in 1798 he was appointed a lieutenant. He ancompelled to take an embassy to Constantinople for that petty despot. On his return, with power given him by the William Bainbridge. Sultan, Bainbridge frightened the insolent Dey, compelling him to release all Christian prisoners then in his possBainbridge frightened the insolent Dey, compelling him to release all Christian prisoners then in his possession. He returned to the United States in 1801, and he was again sent to the Mediterranean with the frigate Essex. Upon the declaration of war against the United States by Tripoli, in 1803, Bainbridge was put in command of the Philadelphia, one oBainbridge was put in command of the Philadelphia, one of Preble's squadron. On Oct. 11 the Philadelphia struck on a rock neal Tripoli, and was captured, with her commander and crew. At Tripoli Bainbridge and 315 of his men remained prisoners about nineteen months. On his return to the United States, he
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), U. S. S. Constitution, or old Ironsides, (search)
allow others to win honors with her. Capt. William Bainbridge was appointed his immediate successorsex, thirty-two guns, and Hornet, eighteen. Bainbridge sailed from Boston late in October, 1812, wident cruise. After touching at these ports, Bainbridge was off Bahia or San Salvador, Brazil, Huller, had the advantage of her for a time. Bainbridge managed his crippled ship with so much skill away. The lire of the Java now ceased, and Bainbridge was under the impression that she had struck he saw an ensign fluttering over the Java. Bainbridge was preparing to renew the conflict, when thon lost nine killed and twenty-five wounded. Bainbridge, also, was wounded. After every living beinor his officers, besides $50,000 in money to Bainbridge and his companions-in-arms as compensation fled Old Ironsides. Gold box presented to Bainbridge by the City of New York. When Bainbridge Bainbridge relinquished the command of the Constitution, in 1813, she was thoroughly repaired and placed in cha[2 more...]
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Decatur, Stephen, 1779- (search)
2, 1820; entered the United States navy as a midshipman April 30, 1798, and rose to Stephen Decatur captain in 1804. His first notable exploit was the destruction of the Philadelphia in the harbor of Tripoli, in the Preble Expedition, for which Congress gave him thanks, a sword, and promotion. the Philadelphia had chased a Tripolitan ship into the harbor in front of that town, and struck upon a rock not laid down on the charts. Fast bound, she was captured by the Tripolitans, and Captain Bainbridge and his officers were made prisoners of war, and the crew were made slaves. Decatur caught a Tripolitan ketch laden with maidens, whom the Bashaw was sending to the Sultan at Constantinople as a present. The captured ketch was taken into the United States service and renamed the Intrepid. In her Decatur and seventy-four brave young men sailed for Tripoli, accompanied by the Siren, under Lieutenant (afterwards Commodore) Stewart. On a bright moonlit evening they sailed boldly
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Essex, the, (search)
heers from her people. Porter caused his ports to be knocked out in an instant, when his guns responded with terrible effect. It was a complete surprise. the Alert was so badly injured and her people were so panic-stricken that the conflict was short. In spite of the efforts of the officers, the men of the Alert ran below for safety. She was surrendered in a sinking condition. She was the first British naval vessel captured in the war. Nobody was killed on either vessel. When Commodore Bainbridge was about to sail from Boston with the Constitution and Hornet, orders were sent to Captain Porter, of the Essex, then lying in the Delaware, to cruise in the track of the West Indiamen, and at a specified time to rendezvous at certain ports, when, if he should not fall in with the flag-ship of the squadron, he would be at liberty to follow the dictates of his own judgment. Having failed to find the Con-stitution at any appointed rendezvous, and having provided himself with funds by
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hornet, (search)
Hornet, An American sloop-of-war, of eighteen guns rating and 480 tons burden; was conspicuous in the naval events of the War of 1812-15. After the capture of the Java (see Constitution of the United States), Bainbridge left the Hornet, Commander James Lawrence, to blockade the Bonne Citoyenne, an English vessel laden with treasure, in the harbor of San Salvador, on the coast of Brazil. the Hornet was driven away by a large British vessel, and on Feb. 24, 1813, she fell in with the British brig Peacock, eighteen guns, Captain Peake, off the mouth of the Demerara River. the Hornet, gaining a good position, with quick and incessant firing, came down upon the Peacock, closed upon her, and in this advantageous position poured in her shot with so much vigor for fifteen minutes that her antagonist not only struck her colors, but raised the union in a position that indicated a cry of distress. Very soon afterwards the main-mast of the Peacock fell and went over her side. She was sin
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lawrence, James 1781- (search)
w feet from Broadway, and a mausoleum of brown freestone to be erected there in commemoration of both Lawrence and his lieutenant, Ludlow. The chapeau, coat, and sword of Captain Lawrence are now in the possession of the New Jersey Historical Society. Through the influence of the peace faction in Massachusetts, the Senate of that State passed a resolution, June 15, 1813, which Mr. Grundy denounced as moral treason. The legislature had passed resolutions of thanks to Hull, Decatur, and Bainbridge, and a proposition was submitted for a similar vote to Lawrence (then dead) for his gallantry in the capture of the Peacock. A committee of the Senate, of which Josiah Quincy was chairman, reported adversely to it, and a preamble and resolution was accordingly adopted. The former declared that similar attentions already given to military and naval officers engaged in a like service had given great discontent to many of the good people of the commonwealth, it being considered by them as a
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), MacDONOUGHonough, Thomas 1783-1825 (search)
MacDONOUGHonough, Thomas 1783-1825 Naval officer; born in New Castle county, Del., Dec. 23, 1783; was of Scotch-Irish descent, and his father, who came from the North of Ireland, was an officer of distinction in the Continental army. Macdonough was appointed a midshipman in the navy in 1800, a lieutenant in 1807, and commander in July, 1813. He had served with distinction in the Mediterranean squadron with Bainbridge and Decatur. In 1814 he commanded a squadron on Lake Champlain, and on Sept. 11, he gained a signal victory over the British off Plattsburg. For this service he was promoted to captain and received thanks and a gold medal from Congress. Civil honors were bestowed upon him by various cities and towns; and the legislature of Vermont gave him an estate on Cumberland Head, Thomas MacDONOUGHONOUGHonoughonough. which overlooked the scene of his great exploit. From the close of the war Macdonough's health declined. He was given command of the Mediterranean squadro
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Medals. (search)
dVictory of the CowpensSilver. Oct. 29, 1781Maj.-Gen. Nathanael GreeneVictory at Eutaw SpringsGold. Oct. 16, 1787Capt. John Paul JonesCapture of the Serapis, 1779Gold. March 29, 1800Capt. Thomas TruxtonAction with the Vengeance (French´╝ëGold. March 3, 1805Com. Edward PrebleTripoliGold. Jan. 29, 1813Capt. Isaac HullCapture of the GuerriereGold. Jan. 29, 1813Capt. Jacob JonesCapture of the FrolicGold. Jan. 29, 1813Capt. Stephen DecaturCapture of the MacedonianGold. March 3, 1813Capt. William BainbridgeCapture of the JavaGold. Jan. 6, 1814Lieut. Edward R. McCallCapture of the BoxerGold. Jan. 6, 1814Com. Oliver H. PerryVictory on Lake ErieGold. Jan. 6, 1814Capt. Jesse D. ElliottVictory on Lake ErieGold. Jan. 11, 1814Capt. James LawrenceCapture of the PeacockGold. Oct. 20, 1814Com. Thomas MacdonoughVictory on Lake ChamplainGold. Oct. 20, 1814Capt. Robert HenleyVictory on Lake ChamplainGold. Oct. 20, 1814Lieut. Stephen CassinVictory on Lake ChamplainGold. Oct. 21, 1814Capt. Le
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Monroe, James 1759-1870 (search)
ral States through which the road passes to establish tolls each within its limits, for the purpose of defraying the expense of future repairs, and of providing also, by suitable penalties, for its protection against future injuries. The act of Congress of May 7, 1822, appropriated the sum of $22,700 for the purpose of erecting two piers as a shelter for vessels from ice near Cape Henlopen, Delaware Bay. To effect the object of the act, the officers of the board of engineers, with Commodore Bainbridge, were directed to prepare plans and estimates of piers sufficient to answer the purpose intended by the act. It appears by their report, which accompanies the documents from the War Department, that the appropriation is not adequate to the purpose intended; and, as the piers would be of great service, both to the navigation of the Delaware Bay and the protection of vessels on the adjacent parts of the coast, I submit for the consideration of Congress whether additional and sufficient
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Navy of the United States (search)
ers. Constitution4458Capt. Hull. United States4458Capt. Decatur. President4458Com. Rodgers. Chesapeake3644Capt. Smith. New York3644Ordinary. Constellation3644Ordinary. Congress3644Ordinary. Boston32Ordinary. Essex32Capt. Porter. Adams32Ordinary. John Adams26Capt. Ludlow. Wasp1618Capt. Jones. Hornet1618Capt. Lawrence. Siren16Lieut. Carroll. Argus16Lieut. Crane. Oneida16Lieut. Woolsey. Vixen12Lieut. Gadsden. Nautilus12Lieut. Sinclair. Enterprise12Capt. Blakeley. Viper12Capt. Bainbridge. The government early perceived the importance of having control of Lakes Ontario and Erie when the war began. Events in the early part of 1812 at the eastern end of Lake Ontario (see Sackett's Harbor), and the fact that the British were building war vessels at Kingston, made it important that an American squadron should appear on those waters very speedily. The only hope of creating a squadron in time to secure the supremacy of the lake to the Americans was in their ability to conver
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