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The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), The old Capitol prison. (search)
act, in their earlier and better days, they earned, historically, a higher reputation than many more pretentious Washington edifices. The Old Capitol, especially, after its abandonment by Congress, was occupied as a fashionable boarding-house, and was largely patronized by the creme de lac creme of the Southern dwellers in Washington. The great original nullifier, Calhoun, boarded here, and from out its doors went the gallant, but ill-fated, Commodore Decatur, the morning he met his enemy, Barron, at Bladensburg, in the duel that cost him his life. No brick walls, old or new, in the capital, have shut in stranger episodes and vicissitudes of life than these, and, I doubt not, each of its four stories could many a tale unfold worthy special record of life at our National Capital in those comparatively primitive days. At the breaking out of our civil war they were not occupied, having, for lack of care, fallen into that neglected, down at the heel, slipshod condition of many buildin
aterials, and mounting a considerable number of guns. These forts were shelled by the National rifled cannon at a range of two-and-a-half miles. Into one of them there were thrown twenty-eight shells in eight minutes. One of the works surrendered, which was taken possession of and its guns directed against the other, which also soon surrendered. Their whole force was captured, and eight hundred of the Federal troops were left to garrison the forts and keep possession of them. At first Capt. Barron proposed to surrender if permitted to do so with the honors of war. This Gen. Butler refused, and demanded a surrender, at discretion, which was yielded, and the enemy marched out prisoners of war.--(Doc. 8.) The New Jersey Fifth regiment of Volunteers, fully equipped and numbering nearly a full complement of men, with wagons and horses, left Trenton this afternoon at three o'clock, and arrived safely in Philadelphia, en route for the seat of war.--N. Y. Herald, August 30. A mon
ce was sent from Fortress Monroe to Craney Island, Va., early this morning, to inform General Huger that the prisoners of war from Fort Warren, had arrived. The bark was accordingly towed up opposite Sewell's Point, by the steamer Rancocas, and the tug Adriatic; and at about one o'clock, the rebel steamer West-Point came out from Norfolk, and the prisoners were transferred. They numbered four captains, three first lieutenants, six second lieutenants, two third lieutenants, and three hundred and eighty-four others, rank and file, and colored servants. They were taken at Hatteras and Santa Rosa, and were the last of the prisoners of war at Fort Warren, except Commodore Barron. The Richmond Examiner, of this date, publishes an elaborate communication, the object of which is to show that the proper national emblem for the South, would be a single star. The editor, however, disapproves the idea, as not original, and suggests that a more appropriate symbol is the horse. --(Doc. 34.)
t salutations were made between the United States officers and Commodore Barron, he asked, How many were killed on the fleet? The answer was, cost a thousand lives, and it would be cheap at that. When Commodore Barron and his officers descended to the deck of the flag-ship Minnesstationed on the quarter-deck to receive him, Gen. Butler presented Barron to the gallant old Commodore, saying, Commodore Barron! Commodore SCommodore Barron! Commodore Stringham. The latter, raising himself up to his full height, looked the traitor straight in the eye, and barely inclining his head, replied, I have seen Mr. Barron before. Barron, who has always prided himself on the hauteur monde, fairly winced under the whole volume of honest sBarron, who has always prided himself on the hauteur monde, fairly winced under the whole volume of honest sarcasm contained in that look and sentence. It was a touching sight. On the one side stood the manly old tar, who will die as he has lived, devotion of the entire ship's company. It will be remembered that Barron sunk the obstructions in Norfolk harbor to prevent the egress of th
s M. Davis, for the gallant and prompt execution of all orders extended by him ; Surgeon James and Assistant--Surgeon Wallace; also the Rev. H. B. McCallum, chaplain of the regiment, for their skilful and assiduous attention to the wounded; and Ordnance Sergeant R. W. Boyd, for his prompt attention to the duties of his department. The regiment went into action with twenty-seven commissioned officers and three hundred and seventy-seven enlisted men; and had two commissioned officers (Lieutenants Barron and Derrick) wounded, one sergeant and one private killed, and fifty-two enlisted men wounded, of which a tabular statement has been heretofore furnished. Respectfully submitted. W. D. De Saussure, Colonel Fifteenth Regiment South Carolina Volunteers. Report of Colonel Nance. Richmond, December 24, 1862. Captain C. R. Holmes, A. A. G.: Sir: Early in the morning of the thirteenth instant, I took my position in line of battle just to the right of the Telegraph road, as y
James Barnes, author of David G. Farragut, Naval Actions of 1812, Yank ee Ships and Yankee Sailors, Commodore Bainbridge , The Blockaders, and other naval and historical works, The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 6: The Navy. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), First expeditions of the Federal Navy (search)
session and hoisted the Federal flag. It was at first thought that Fort Hatteras had surrendered after the short bombardment, but on approaching closer the Confederate batteries once more reopened. The next morning, however, the bombardment being resumed, the Fort was seriously damaged, and the powder magazine, having been set on fire, the Confederates hoisted the white flag shortly after eleven o'clock. There was an amusing little note added to the morning's work by the fact that Flag-Officer Barron, who lately had been an officer of the United States navy, refused to surrender the Fort to the land forces that now came up from the direction of Fort Clark, the Confederate commander claiming that they had taken no part in the action. Therefore he was rowed off to the flagship, where he gave up his sword to his former friend, Flag-Officer Stringham. Six hundred and fifteen men and officers were captured at Fort Hatteras, and twenty-five guns, all of which had come from the navy-
try in his advance on the enemy. I have also to speak most favorably of Colonel George P. Garrison, commanding the second brigade, who exhibited in the engagement all the qualities of a capable and efficient officer. Colonel R. B. Thomas, as Chief of Artillery, likewise rendered efficient service on the field. Colonel Evans, commanding the 64th Georgia Volunteers, and Colonel Duncan L. Clinch, commanding the 4th Georgia Cavalry, were wounded while bravely performing their duty. Lieutenant-Colonel Barron, of the 64th Georgia Volunteers, and Captain Camron, commanding, and Lieutenant Dancy, of the 1st Georgia Regulars; also Lieutenant Holland, commanding detachment from conscript camp—all officers of high promise—were killed. Among the killed and wounded were many other officers and men who had distinguished themselves on other fields, for a detailed statement of whom, and for instances of individual merit, I refer to the reports of the brigade commanders. Our loss in the engage
hich, in either position, locked or unlocked, falls into one of the notches of the bolt. The tumbler must first be lifted by the key, releasing the stump from the notch in the bolt before the key can act on the latter to turn it either way. Barron's tumbler-lock was patented in 1778. Its principle consisted in an arrangement to allow a stump on the tumbler to pass through an opening in the bolt, or a stump on the bolt to pass through an opening in the tumbler. The former arrangement isating or slot in the bolt, permitting the latter to slide freely; whereas, if an improper key be used, they will be either lifted too high or too low, so that it cannot pass. The patents granted for locks, both in England and this country, since Barron's time, have been very numerous. Brahmah's, patented in England, 1784, is shown at H. It has a central barrel a, having grooves in which are a number of sliders c c, whose ends rest against the spring. Each of these is notched at a different pa
nickel with a flux for coating metal plates. Junot, 1852, alloyed silicum, titanium, tungsten, etc., with nickel for electro deposition. Thomas, 1854, used ferro-cyanide of potassium and nitromuriatic acid to obtain a nickel solution for the battery. In 1855 he used the same, with carbonate of ammonia and oxide of alumina. Cheatley, 1855, deposited alloys of nickel by a battery (British patent 1543, of 1855). An alloy of nickel was applied to iron plates by friction and heat by Barron in 1856 Shepard, 1858, deposited an alloy of silver and nickel. The solution is made by adding carbonate of ammonia to a solution of nitrate of silver, then a similar solution of carbonate of nickel in carbonate of ammonia. An anode of one part silver and two parts nickel is used Cyanide of potassium may be used in the battery. Adams, United States patent No. 57, 271, 1866, coats gastips with nickel. Same, 1869, uses solution of sulphate of nickel in solution of sulphite or bisulphi
hening, then increasing their soundness, and, of course, as it neutralizes phosphorus, preventing red-shortness. k. Tungsten steel, a steel containing tungsten. Its production is similar to that of chromium steel, tungsten or Wolframite being substituted for the chromium compounds. Its properties are also similar, and it is an excellent tool-steel, though great difficulty is experienced in obtaining uniformity in the product. It is also remarkable for its great magnetic capacity. In Barron's process, tools, such as axes, hatchets, and hoes, are cast from pig-iron. They are then placed in rotating drums to remove the roughness, and afterward heated in iron boxes, with oxide of iron and other materials to remove the carbon. They are next placed in a large retort and subjected to the action of gasoline, and also of charcoal gas, generated in two retorts, by the action of which they are in a few minutes converted into steel, and are afterward ground, polished, and tempered. M
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