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George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 2, 17th edition. 18 0 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 12 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: June 28, 1862., [Electronic resource] 1 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Democracy in New Netherland. (search)
d adopt a remonstrance against the tyrannous rule of the governor. It was drawn by Baxter, signed by all the delegates present, and sent to the governor, with a demand that he should give a categorical answer. In it the grievances of the people were stated under six heads. Stuyvesant met this severe document with his usual pluck. He denied the right of some of the delegates to seats in the convention. He denounced the whole thing as the wicked work of Englishmen, and doubted whether George Baxter knew what he was about. He wanted to know whether there was no one among the Dutch in New Netherland sagacious and expert enough to draw up a remonstrance to the Director-General and his council, and severely reprimanded the new city government of New Amsterdam (New York) for seizing this dangerous opportunity for conspiring with the English [with whom Holland was then at war], who were ever hatching mischief, but never performing their promises, and who might to-morrow ally themselves
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New Netherland. (search)
were sharp disputes between New Netherland and its colonial neighbors concerning boundary lines. On Sept. 19, 1650, Governor Stuyvesant arrived at Hartford, and demanded of the commissioner of the Connecticut colony a full surrender of the lands on the Connecticut River. After a consultation for several days, it was agreed to leave the matter to arbitrators. The commissioner chose Simon Bradstreet, of Massachusetts, and Thomas Prince, of Plymouth; Stuyvesant chose Thomas Willett and George Baxter, both Englishmen. It was agreed that on Long Island a line should be drawn from the westernmost part of Oyster Bay straight to the sea; the easterly part to belong to the English, the remainder to the Dutch. On the mainland a line should begin at the west side of Greenwich Bay, about 4 miles from Stamford, and run northerly 20 miles; and beyond that distance, as it should be agreed by the two governments of the Dutch and New Haven, provided that line should not come within 10 miles of
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Representative government. (search)
they invited the governor to a collation, but he would not sanction their proceedings by his presence. They bluntly told him there would be another convention soon, and he might prevent it if he could. He stormed, but prudently yielded to the demands of the people for another convention, and issued a call. The delegates met (Dec. 10, 1653) in New Amsterdam. Of the eight districts represented, four were Dutch and four English. Of the nineteen delegates, ten were Dutch and nine English. Baxter, English secretary of the colony, led the English delegates. He drew up a remonstrance against the tyrannous rule of the governor. Stuyvesant met the severe document with his usual pluck, denouncing it and the Assembly, every member of which signed it; and until the end of his administration (1664) he was at swords' points with the representatives of the people, who more and more acquired legislative functions under Dutch and English rule until the beginning of the eighteenth century, when
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York, (search)
estroy De Vries's colony on Staten Island......June, 1641 Kieft sets a price on their heads......July, 1641 Kieft, anticipating an Indian war, consults the heads of families in New Amsterdam......Aug. 23, 1641 These choose twelve select men to act for them; the first representative assembly in the province......Aug. 29, 1641 Ex-Governor Minuit dies at Fort Christina......1641 Select men dissenting from the governor's warlike policy, he dissolves them......February, 1642 George Baxter, an exile from New England, English secretary; salary 250 guilders ($95)......1642 Johannes Megapolensis the first clergyman in Rensselaerwyck, with a residence and 1,000 guilders ($380)......1642 Anne Hutchinson takes refuge near New Rochelle from religious persecution in Massachusetts......1642 Dutch at Fort Orange seek in vain to ransom Jogues (a French missionary, prisoner of the Iroquois), but his life is spared......1642 Kieft rashly provokes an Indian war by sending
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Washington, Fort, capture of (search)
hile Colonel Sterling, with Highlanders, crossed at a point a little above the present High Bridge. The outworks of the fort were defended on the north by Colonel Rawlings, with Maryland riflemen and militia from Mercer's Flying Camp, under Colonel Baxter. The lines towards New York were defended by Pennsylvanians, commanded by Col. Lambert Cadwalader. Magaw commanded in the fort. Rawlings and Baxter occupied redoubts on heavily wooded hills. By a simultaneous attack at all points, the batBaxter occupied redoubts on heavily wooded hills. By a simultaneous attack at all points, the battle was very severe outside of the fort. The British and German assailants pressed hard upon the fort, and both Howe and Knyphausen made a peremptory demand for its surrender. Resistance to pike, ball, and bayonet,. wielded by 5,000 veterans, was in vain, and Magaw yielded. At half-past 1 o'clock (Nov. 17) the British flag waved in triumph over Fort Washington. The Americans lost in killed and wounded not more than 100 men, while the British lost almost 1,000. The garrison that surrendere
sland was granted just one year after the emperor of China had proclaimed the enfranchisement of Christianity among the hundred millions of his people. No joy could be purer than that of the colonists, when the news was spread abroad, that George Baxter, Backus, almost always very accurate, here mistakes the name. the most faythful and happie bringer of the charter, had arrived. On the beautiful island, long Nov. 24. esteemed a paragon for fertility, and famed as one of the pleasantest jesty's gracious letters patent. It was a very great meeting and assembly. The letters of the agent were opened, and read with good delivery and attention; the charter was next taken forth from the precious box that had held it, and was read by Baxter, in the audience and view of all the people; and the letters with his majesty's royal stamp, and the broad seal, with much beseeming gravity, were held up on high, and presented to the perfect view of the people. Now their republic was safe; Mas
he people led to a general assembly of two deputies from Nov. to Dec. each village in New Netherland; an assembly which Stuyvesant was unwilling to sanction, and could not prevent. As in Massachusetts, this first convention The original is Lantdag Dutch Records, 2. sprung from the will of the people; and it claimed the right of deliberating on the civil condition of the country. Dec. The States General of the United Provinces:— such was the remonstrance and petition, drafted by George Baxter, and unanimously adopted by the convention— are our liege lords; we submit to the laws of the United Provinces; and our rights and privileges ought to be in harmony with those of the Fatherland, for we are a member of the state, and not a subjugated people. We, who have come together from various parts of the world, and are a blended community of various lineage; we, who have, at our own expense, exchanged our native lands for the protection of the United Provinces; we, who have transfo
icated to me in Ms. by J. F. Fisher, who has since caused it to be printed. It is a most honorable office to do justice to the illustrious dead. My friend writes of Penn with affectionate interest, and yet with careful criticism. True criticism does not consist in absolute skepticism as to exalted worth. he had advocated, with Buckingham and Arlington, before the magistrates of Ireland, and English juries, in the tower, in Newgate, before the commons of England, in public discussions with Baxter and the Presbyterians, before Quaker meetings, at Chester and Philadelphia, and through the press to the world. It was his old post—the office to which he was faithful from youth to age. Fifteen thousand families had been ruined for dissent since the restoration; five thousand persons had died victims to imprisonment. The monarch was persuaded to exercise his prerogative of mercy; and at Penn's intercession, not less that twelve 1686 hundred Friends were liberated from the horrible dungeo
e to be the character of the Church of England, while parts of the writings of Knox, Milton, and Baxter, were pronounced false, seditious and impious, heretical and blasphe- Chap. XVII.} 1683. Dec. had kept English liberty alive, were consigned to the courts of law. Richard, said Jefferies to Baxter, Richard, thou art an old knave; thou hast written books enough to load a cart, every one as fulYet the revolution of 1688 is due to the dissenters quite as much as to the whig aristocracy; to Baxter hardly less than to Shaftesbury. It is the consummation of the collision which, in the days of istocracy looked to the stadtholder of aristocratic Holland as the protector of their liberties, Baxter and the Presbyterians saw in William the Calvinist their tolerant avenger. Of the two great ant, since it cherished among its numbers men so opposite as Shaftesbury and Sidney, as Locke and Baxter. These two parties embraced almost all the wealth and learning of England. But there was a
wounded, and prisoners, the 1st Yankee Maryland regiment was actually demolished, not more than fifteen escaping. After the rout was complete, and most of the prisoners captured, others came up and assisted in taking prisoners. Owing to the difficulty in crossing the bridge at Front Royal, which had been set on fire by the enemy, it was difficult for the cavalry to cross the river, which accounts for so small a portion of the cavalry being in the fight. There were but four companies in the charge, which were--Capt. Dulany's company, Capt. Grimsley's, Capt. Flournoy's, and the lamented Capt. George Baxter's. Three other companies of the 6th came up in time to follow in the pursuit, viz: Capt. Richards's company. Capt. Throckmorton's, and Capt. Row's. The rout of the enemy was complete, and this charge of the 6th is considered one of the best cavalry charges that has been made during the present war, and it is due the 6th that it should have the credit of its own deeds. Justice.