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Robert Stiles, Four years under Marse Robert, Chapter 16: Gettysburg (search)
the views of others, if indeed such an effort could be regarded as properly within the scope of such a work as this. As usual with great battles, it was not the plan or purpose of either side to fight this one when and where it was fought. Meade, who had succeeded Hooker, had selected a position on Pipe Clay Creek, where he would have concentrated his army-but for the capture of President Dayis' message to General Lee, revealing the fact that he feared to uncover Richmond by detaching Beauregard to threaten Washington as Lee had advised-and Lee had ordered the concentration of his army at Cashtown; but there was this great difference between the circumstances of the two armies. The battle was brought on by the advance of the Federal cavalry, in the discharge of its legitimate work of developing our forces and positions and gathering information for the Federal commander. The Confederate leader, on the other hand, was, in great measure, without his cavalry; no information whatev
Robert Stiles, Four years under Marse Robert, Chapter 18: Campaign of 1864-the Wilderness (search)
having just reached home. I cannot forbear mentioning that Billy was one of these latter, and my youngest brother, who had joined us from Georgia some months before, another. Some of these men arrived before we left camp at Morton's Ford; and others walked many hours, following the solemn sound of the firing, and found us in the midst of the sombre Wilderness, and two at bloody Spottsylvania. One of these two, a Petersburg boy, was delayed because of having fought at home one day under Beauregard against Butler. To this I may add the fact that another man of the battery, wounded during the campaign, apologized humbly to the captain for the imprudence which led to his wound, because, as he said, he well understood what the loss of one man meant to us now. Upon the whole, while not formally deciding, as the Supreme Court of Texas recently did in a telegraph case,--as to the inherent difference between Willy and Billy, --yet I am inclined to think in this particular that Billy is
Robert Stiles, Four years under Marse Robert, Chapter 20: from Spottsylvania to Cold Harbor (search)
another. So far as I recollect, however, this affair was of no real significance. Our other troops stood firm, and we lost no ground. I think none of the guns of the battery were engaged. Meanwhile the three divisions of our corps-the First, since Longstreet's wounding, under command of Major-General R. H. Anderson-had settled into alignment in the following order, beginning from the left: Field, Pickett, Kershaw. On the right of Kershaw's was Hoke's division, which had been under Beauregard and had joined the Army of Northern Virginia only the night before. The ground upon which our troops had thus felt and fought their way into line was the historic field of Cold Harbor, and the day was the first of June, 1864. In the afternoon a furious attack was made on the left of Hoke and right of Kershaw; and Clingman's, the left brigade of Hoke and Wofford's, the right brigade of Kershaw gave way, and the Federal troops poured into the gap over a marshy piece of ground which had
Robert Stiles, Four years under Marse Robert, Chapter 22: from Cold Harbor to evacuation of Richmond and Petersburg (search)
all-night march, which was a very trying one, on account of the heat and the heavy dust which covered everything and everybody and rendered breathing all but impossible. We stopped an hour or so to rest the horses-we did not so much regard the men-and arrived in Petersburg in the early morning, our division and our battalion being among the first of Lee's troops to arrive. We were just in time to prevent Burnside from making an assault, which would probably have given him the city. General Beauregard had made admirable use of the scant force at his command and had successfully repulsed all previous attacks, but he did not have a garrison at all adequate to resist the countless thousands of Grant's main army, which had now begun to arrive, and which seems to have been deterred from the assault by the knowledge of our arrival. The whole population of the city appeared to be in the streets and thoroughly alive to the narrow escape they had made. Though we had done nothing save to
Robert Stiles, Four years under Marse Robert, Index. (search)
Adam, 304-305. Baldwin, John Brown, 31, 50 Ball's Bluff, 61-63, 234 Baltimore, Md., 240, 354 Baptists, 139 Barksdale, Thomas, 149 Barksdale, William: before the war, 26, 28-29; during the war, 64,95, 129, 131-33, 179; troops of, 26, 64- 65, 68-71, 95, 97, 128-33, 138-39, 144, 176, 179, 223, 261, 292-93. Barnes, Beau, 252-53. Barrett, ............ (orderly), 260-61, 270 Battle fatigue, 77 Battlefield tours, 92-94, 107 Bayonets used in action, 333 Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Toutant, 208, 242, 274, 309 Beers, James H., 37-44, 150, 154, 181, 183 Bell, John, 25 Benjamin, Judah Philip, 26, 40 Beulah Church, Va., 270, 272 Big Bethel, Va., 44-45. Blount, ........... 321,330 Bocock, Thomas Stanhope, 26-27. Boonsborough, Md., 66 Botts, John Minor, 31-32. Bowling Green, Va., 266 Brandon, Lane William, 115, 130, 292 Brandon, William Lindsay, 115-16, 130 Bravery, standards of, 115-17, 194, 245-46. Breathed, James, 53 Breckinridge, James
Colonel Theodore Lyman, With Grant and Meade from the Wilderness to Appomattox (ed. George R. Agassiz), IV. Cold Harbor (search)
um of it was: Have the honor to acknowledge your favor. As to your proposition — Ah, don't see it! It was signed by Beauregard, and was a specimen of his mean Creole blood. He did not know there had been any fight of consequence and should theresix in the morning and heard the General say, Very well, then, let the truce be from five to nine. Whereby I knew that Beauregard had agreed to a cessation of hostilities for the burial of the dead and relief of the wounded. After struggling awhilemed in the woods, out of sight, so as to envelop his flank defence, and coming partly in rear; the troops were those of Beauregard and A. P. Hill, many of which had been concentrated from Deep Bottom. They first opened a heavy artillery fire from berale. The men who stormed the Rappahannock redoubts in November 1863 would have walked over the breastworks and driven Beauregard into the Appomattox; but those men are on the ground between here and the Rapid Ann, or fill the hospitals in the North
Colonel Theodore Lyman, With Grant and Meade from the Wilderness to Appomattox (ed. George R. Agassiz), Index (search)
. Bache, —, 204. Badajos, English at, 207. Badeau, Adam, 314. Baldwin, Briscoe G., 125. Barlow, Francis Channing, 109, 117, 135,157, 215, 216; described, 107, 158, 189; at Cold Harbor, 144; at Petersburg, 186. Barnard, Daniel P., 343. Barnard, George, 91n. Barnard, John Gross, 248, 290. Barnes, Joseph K., 248. Barney, Hiram, 249. Barrows, William Eliot, 350. Barstow, Simon Forrester, 7, 48, 64, 232, 289. Bartlett, Joseph Jackson, 72. Battle, a great, 101. Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Toutant, 173n, 201, 222. Benham, Henry Washington, 23, 335; described, 241. Benson, —, 280. Bethesda Church, 140. Biddle, James Cornell, 24, 48, 69, 70, 122, 168, 204, 228, 249, 265, 289; on leave of absence, 59; camp commandant, 67; Meade and, 176; early hours, 239; excitement, 241; cigar incident, 249. Bingham, Henry Harrison, 253. Birney, David Bell, 77, 82, 92, 94, 114, 117, 121, 135, 137, 150, 233; described, 107, 188; at Cold Harbor, 146; at Petersburg, 165, 170, 174;
up the rear, has preserved the result of Sherman's work, which is typical of that done by him all along the line of march to render useless to the Confederate armies in the field, the military resources of the South. was commanded by General Beauregard. That night the enemy fell back to their third line, which then occupied the ridge which you see to the right and front, along where you will notice the chimney (the houses had been burnt down). On the night of the 18th we threw up the lun61, and seen now the success of the green Federal troops under General McDowell in the field, and now the stubborn defense of the green troops under that General Jackson who thereby earned the sobriquet of Stonewall. At last Johnston, who with Beauregard and Jackson, was a Confederate commander, strengthened by reenforcements, descended upon the rear of the Union troops and drove them into a retreat which rapidly turned to a rout. The plucky photographer was forced along with the rest; and a
s, food, raiment, ammunition, or medical care. Everything an army could have the Federal forces had to overflowing. On the other hand the Southern army was starved of all necessaries, not to speak of the luxuries which the abounding North poured forth for its men in the field. The South was in want of many of these necessaries even in the beginning of the war; toward the end it was in want of all. It was because of this want that it had to yield. General Joseph E. Johnston, writing General Beauregard in 1868, said truly: We, without the means of purchasing supplies of any kind, or procuring or repairing arms, could continue this war only as robbers or guerillas. The Southern army finally melted away and gave up the fight because it had arrived at the limit of human endurance through the suffering which came of the absolute want brought by the blockade. Some few historians have recognized and made clear this fact, notably General Charles Francis Adams, himself a valiant soldier
hs after Bull Run; Rosecrans' army for five months after Murfreesboro, and Grant's army for four months after Vicksburg, while Grant's army was almost in the same class during its ten months before Petersburg. The concentration of scattered forces at decisive points, which is technically called in the text-book the use of interior lines, and in more homely phrase, getting there first with the most men, was often skilfully performed on both a large and small scale. Thus, Johnston joined Beauregard at Bull Run in time to win the battle; Jackson alternately attacked the divided forces of his opponents and neutralized their greatly superior forces, and finally joined Lee for another campaign; Longstreet joined Bragg to win Chickamauga; Ewell joined Breckinridge to defeat Sigel. Many opportunities were lost, even in the very campaigns mentioned, as we see them to-day. The conduct of pursuits confirms the idea that it is the most difficult operation presented to a general. Johnston
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