ommands, and fully justified, were never legally confirmed.
In such cases, as those of Joseph Wheeler and John B. Gordon, General Wright has followed the strictest interpretation of the Confederate records below.
As for the body of this History it has been thought best to employ the titles most commonly used, and found in the popular reference works.
The highest rank attained is given in every case together with the date of the commission conferring such rank.
Beauregard, P. G. T., July 21, 1861.
Bragg, Braxton, April 6, 1862.
Cooper, Samuel, May 16, 1861.
Johnston, A. S., May 30, 1861.
Johnston, J. E., July 4, 1861.
Lee, Robert E., June 14, 1861.
General, provisional army
Smith, E. Kirby, Feb. 19, 1864.
Generals, provisional army (with temporary rank)
Hood, John B., July 18, 1864.
Lieutenant-generals, provisional army
Buckner, S. B., Sept. 20, 1864.
Ewell, Richard S., May 23, 1863.
Forrest, N. B., Feb. 28, 1865.
Hampton, Wade, Feb. 14, 1