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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts, (search)
ncilFeb. to March, 1715 Joseph DudleyMarch to Nov., 1715 William Tailer1715 to 1716 Samuel Shute1716 to 1723 William Dummer1723 to 1728 William BurnetJuly, 1728 to Sept., 1729 William Dummer1729 to June, 1730 William TailerJune to Aug., 1730 Jonathan Belcher1730 to 1741 William Shirley1741 to 1749 Spencer Phipps1749 to 1753 William Shirley1753 to 1756 Spencer Phipps1756 to 1757 The CouncilApril to Aug., 1757 Thomas Pownall1757 to 1760 Thomas HutchisonJune to Aug., 1760 Sir Francis Bernard1760 to 1769 Thomas Hutchinson1769 to 1771 Thomas Hutchinson1771 to 1774 The Council1774 to 1780 Governors under the State Constitution. Name.Party.Term. John Hancock1780 to 1785 James Bowdoin1785 to 1787 John Hancock1787 to Oct., 1793 Samuel Adams1793 to 1794 Samuel Adams1794 to 1797 Increase Sumner1797 to June, 1799 Moses Gill1799 to 1800 Caleb StrongFederal.1800 to 1807 James SullivanDem.-Rep.1807 to Dec., 1808 Levi LincolnDem.-Rep.1808 to 1809 Christopher GoreFede
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New Jersey, (search)
ndrew Hamilton 1699 Royal governors. Assumes office. Edward Hyde, Lord Cornbury 1702 Lord Lovelace 1708 Richard Ingoldsby, lieutenant-governor 1709 Robert Hunter 1710 William Burnett1720 John Montgomery1728 Lewis Morris, president of council1731 William Crosby 1732 John Anderson, president of council1736 John Hamilton, president of council 1736 Lewis Morris1738 John Hamilton, president,1746 John Reading, president1746 Jonathan Belcher1747 John Reading, president 1757 Francis Bernard1758 Thomas Boone 1760 Josiah Hardy1761 William Franklin1763 State governors. Assumes office. William Livingston 1776 William Patterson 1790 Richard Howell1794 Joseph Bloomfield 1801 John Lambert, acting 1802 Joseph Bloomfield1803 Aaron Ogden1812 William S. Pennington 1813 Mahlon Dickerson1815 Isaac H. Williamson1817 Peter D. Vroom1829 Samuel Lewis Southard1832 Elias P. Seeley 1833 Peter D. Vroom1833 Philemon Dickerson1836 William Pennington1837 Daniel Haines1843
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Otis, James 1725- (search)
sentative in the Massachusetts Assembly, and therein became a leader of the popular party. In 1764 he published a pamphlet entitled The rights of the colonies vindicated, which attracted great attention in England for its finished diction and masterly arguments. Otis proposed, June 6, 1765, the calling of a congress of delegates to consider the Stamp Act. He was chosen a delegate, and was one of the committee to prepare an address to the Commons of England (see Stamp act Congress). Governor Bernard feared the fiery orator, and when Otis was elected speaker of the Assembly the governor negatived it. But he could not silence Otis. When the ministry required the legislature to rescind its circular letter to the colonies, requesting them to unite in measures for redress (Massachusetts), Otis made a speech which his adversaries said was the most violent, abusive, and treasonable declaration that perhaps was ever uttered. He carried the House with him, and it refused to rescind by a v
h captured at Thomaston and imprisoned at Castine, Feb. 18; escapes......June 18, 1781 Land office is opened at the seat of government, and State lands in the district of Maine are sold to soldiers and emigrants at $1 per acre on the navigable waters; elsewhere given, provided settlers clear sixteen acres in four years......1784 First issue of the Falmouth gazette and weekly Advertiser, the earliest newspaper established in Maine......Jan. 1, 1785 Mount Desert, confiscated from Governor Bernard, is reconfirmed in part to his son John and to French claimants......1785 Convention to consider the separation of the district from Massachusetts meets at Falmouth......Oct. 5, 1785 Convention appointed at the October meeting assembles at Falmouth and draws up a statement of particulars......Jan. 4, 1786 Massachusetts lands, 1,107,396 acres, between Penobscot and St. Croix rivers, disposed of by lottery; a large portion purchased by William Bingham, of Philadelphia......Marc
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts (search)
by the English......June 2–July 26, 1758 Governor Pownall succeeded by Francis Bernard, who arrives at Boston......Aug. 3, 1760 Governor Bernard appoints ThomGovernor Bernard appoints Thomas Hutchinson chief-justice of Massachusetts......December, 1760 James Otis's speech against the Writs of assistance ......1761 [ American independence was then and there born. ] Dispute between Governor Bernard and the House of Representatives on the right of originating taxes......1761 James Otis publishes a pamphlatives in the General Court are prepared by Samuel Adams......May, 1764 Governor Bernard replies to the lords of trade......September, 1764 Duties laid by Parlie command of Gen. Thomas Gage, are landed in Boston......Sept. 28, 1768 Governor Bernard recalled, and embarks for England, regretted by none......July 31, 1769 ee-house on King Street, now State Street, in Boston......Sept. 5, 1769 Governor Bernard is succeeded by Thomas Hutchinson as governor......1769 [He was born at
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New Jersey, (search)
ablished at Woodbridge by James Parker......1751 College of New Jersey finally located at Princeton, and Nassau Hall erected......1756 Stage line established from New York to Philadelphia by way of Perth Amboy and Trenton......November, 1756 Governor Jonathan Belcher dies, aged seventy-six......Aug. 31, 1757 New American magazine, published at Woodbridge by James Parker, and edited by Samuel Nevil......January, 1758 Special conference with Indians at Easton; the governor, Francis Bernard, obtains from the chief of the united nations of the Minisinks, Wapings, and other tribes, for $1,000, a release of the Indian title to every portion of New Jersey......Oct. 18, 1758 William Franklin, natural son of Benjamin Franklin, appointed governor (the last royal governor of New Jersey)......1763 William Coxe, appointed stamp distributer in New Jersey, voluntarily resigns his office......September, 1765 Joseph Borden, Hendrick Fisher, and Robert Ogden, delegates to a conv
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Writs of assistance. (search)
Writs of assistance. An illicit trade with the neutral ports of St. Thomas and Eustatius, and with the French islands— under flags of truce to the latter, granted by colonial governors, nominally for an exchange of prisoners, but really as mere covers for commercial transactions—was carried on some time by the Northern colonies. Of this the English merchants complained, and Pitt issued strict orders for it to be stopped. It was too profitable to be easily suppressed. Francis Bernard, who was appointed governor of Massachusetts Aug. 4, 1760, attempted the strict enforcement of the laws against this trade. Strenuous opposition was aroused in Boston, and the custom-house officers there applied to the Superior Court to grant them writs of assistance, according to the English exchequer practice—that is, warrants to search, when and where they pleased, for smuggled goods, and to call in others to assist them. Thomas Hutchinson was the chief-justice, and favored the measure. The <
think it but justice to myself to give an account of my conduct, for which I am blamed, and to obviate some mistakes which are believed. His Excellency Governor Gage wrote me in the words following: Sir, as I am informed there are several military stores in your charge at Cambridge, I beg the favor of you to send me a return of them as soon as convenient, specifying the different sorts of each. T. Gage. To Major General Brattle. Which order I obeyed. I did the like to Governors Pownal, Bernard, and Hutchinson; in doing of which, every soldier will say I did but my duty. But it is affirmed, I advised the Governor to remove the powder: this I positively deny, because it is absolutely false. It never so much as entered into my mind or thought. After I had made my return, I never heard one word about the affair till the night before last, when Sheriff Phipps came to my house with the Governor's order to deliver him the powder and guns; the keys of the powder-house I then delivered
, Jason Winship, John Wellington, Jonas Wyeth. One of the papers in the Massachusetts Archives commemorates the good service of a Cambridge officer and its recognition by the General Court: Province of the Massachusetts Bay. To his Excellency Francis Bernard, Esq., Captain General, Governor, and Commander-in-Chief, in and over his Majesty's Province aforesaid, the Honble his Majesty's Council, and the Honble House of Representatives in General Court assembled at Boston, December, 1763,— Humteen pounds be paid out of the public Treasury to the petitioner in full consideration for his sufferings. Sent up for concurrence. Timo. Ruggles, Spkr. In Council, Jan. 27, 1764. Read, and concurred. John Cotton, D. SecY. Consented to, Fra. Bernard. Mass. Arch., LXXX. 395. General Brattle remained Major-general of all the militia in the Province until the commencement of the Revolutionary War. At the same time, agreeably to the military code until that time in force, he retained th
32, 58, 258. Bancroft, 369. Bangs, 312. Barker, 339. Barnard, 32, 135, 143, 288. Barrett, 75, 97, 399, 416, 28. Bartlett, 81, 231. Batchelder, 14, 168, 233, 310. Baxter, 266, 327, 53. Beach, 81. Beale, 32. 54, 9, 69, 224, 56, 70, 9. Bean, 225. Beebe, 321. Beecher, 325. Beiler, 339. Belcher, 59, 75, 124, 35, 224, 86, 7, 363, 94, 403. Belknap, 133. Bell, 327. Bellingham, 27, 43. Benjamin, 11, 20, 1, 32, 239, 459. Bennett, 35, 327. Bernard, 143, 405, 6. Besbeech, 35. Besse, 347. Bethune, 310. Betts, 35, 59, 260. Bidwell, 331. Bigelow, 187, 326. Biglow, 208, 310. Binney, 320. Bird, 310, 36. Bishop, 346-52. Blake, 177, 321. Blanchard, 426. Bland, 332. Blaney, 426. Blathwait, 77. Bliss, 328, 438. Blodgett, 35, 58, 317. Blood, 62. Blowers, 35, 135, 288. Blumfield, 35. Bond, 4, 226, 310, 403. 18, 19. Bonner, 350. Bontecou, 321. Boone, 76. Boradell, 258.
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