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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 81 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Blaine, James Gillespie, 1830-1893 (search)
Blaine, James Gillespie, 1830-1893 Statesman; born in West Brownsville, Pa., Jan. 31, 1830; wan the United States Senate from 1876 to 1881. Blaine was among the most aggressive of the party lea, were set aside for Hayes. In 1880 Grant and Blaine were the candidates respectively of the two gras selected. President Garfield appointed Senator Blaine Secretary of State, which post he resigned the accession of President Arthur. In 1884 Mr. Blaine received the Presidential nomination on the on the result in New York, which was lost to Mr. Blaine by 1,047 votes. The defection of the Mugwum all been assigned as causes of his defeat. Mr. Blaine then resumed his literary work and publishedrs of Congress, in 2 volumes, and in James Gillespie Blaine. 1888 positively declined the use of hschemes and the doctrine of reciprocity. Secretary Blaine suddenly resigned in 1892, and was an uns He died in Washington, D. C., Jan. 27, 1893. Blaine was celebrated for his personal magnetism, and[1 more...]
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Burchard, Samuel Dickinson, 1812-1891 (search)
Burchard, Samuel Dickinson, 1812-1891 Clergyman; born in Steuben, N. Y., Sept. 6, 1812; was graduated at Centre College, Danville, Ky., in 1836; became a temperance lecturer and later a Presbyterian minister in New York. In 1884, near the close of the Presidential campaign, he unexpectedly brought himself into notoriety by speaking of the Democrats at the close of an address to a party of Republicans as the party of Rum, Romanism, and rebellion. These words were scarcely uttered before the leaders of the Democratic party published them throughout the country. The election was very close, and it was several days before the official count of New York State was received. That State went Democratic by a small majority. The remark of Dr. Burchard was said to have influenced many thousands of votes, and to have lost the election to Mr. Blaine. He died in Saratoga, N. Y., Sept. 25, 1891.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cabinet, President's (search)
ett Nov. 6, 1852 William L. Marcy March 7, 1853 Lewis CassMarch 6, 1857 Jeremiah S. Black Dec. 17, 1860 William H. Seward .March 5, 1861 Elihu B. Washburne March 5, 1869 Hamilton Fish March 11, 1869 William M. Evarts March 12, 1877 James G. Blaine March 5, 1881 F. T. Frelinghuysen Dec. 12, 1881 Thomas F. Bayard March 6, 1885 James G. Blaine March 5, 1889 John W. Foster June 29, 1892 Walter Q. Gresham .March 6, 1893 Richard Olney June 7, 1895 John Sherman March 5, 1897 WilliaJames G. Blaine March 5, 1889 John W. Foster June 29, 1892 Walter Q. Gresham .March 6, 1893 Richard Olney June 7, 1895 John Sherman March 5, 1897 William R. Day April 26, 1898 John HaySept. 20, 1898 March 5,1901 Secretaries of the Treasury. Alexander HamiltonSept. 11, 1789 Oliver Wolcott Feb. 2, 1795 Samuel Dexter Jan. 1, 1801 Albert Gallatin .May 14, 1801 George W. Campbell Feb. 9, 1814 Alexander J. Dallas Oct. 6, 1814 William H. CrawfordOct. 22, 1816 Richard Rush March 7, 1825 Samuel D. Ingham March 6, 1829 Louis McLane Aug. 2, 1831 William J. Duane May 29, 1833 Roger B. Taney Sept.23, 1833 Levi Woodbury June 27, 183
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cleveland, Grover 1837- (search)
ring the first few months of his term more than local notice, and was the Democratic candidate for governor of New York in 1882. One of the successful nominees in this tidal-wave Democratic year, Mr. Cleveland received the phenomenal majority of 192,000, and entered office in January, 1883. His administration of affairs at Albany secured the presentation of his name to the democratic National Convention in 1884. He was nominated; and elected, after a close and exciting struggle, over James G. Blaine, and was inaugurated March 4, 1885 (see cabinet, President's). President Cleveland, in his famous message to Congress on the surplus and the tariff in December, 1887, forced the fighting on the revenue-reform issue. He was the candidate of his party in 1888, but was defeated by Benjamin Harrison, and retired in 1889. He settled in New York, and resumed the practice of law. In 1892 he received for the third time the Democratic nomination. In the election he received 277 electoral and
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Coppinger, John J. 1834- (search)
Coppinger, John J. 1834- Military officer; born in Ireland, Oct. 11, 1834; entered the National army at the beginning of the Civil War, and was made captain of the 14th United States Infantry; served with distinction throughout the war; promoted brigadier-general, U. S. A., April 25, 1895; appointed a major-general of volunteers, May 4, 1898; and retired Oct. 11, 1898. He married Alice, daughter of James G. Blaine.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Free trade. (search)
Free trade. William Ewart Gladstone, several times Prime Minister of England, wrote the following plea for Free Trade, to which a reply was made by James G. Blaine, which will be found in the article on protection: The existing difference of practice between America and Britain with respect to free trade and protection of necessity gives rise to a kind of international controversy on their respective merits. To interfere from across the water in such a controversy is an act which may wear the appearance of impertinence. It is prima facie an intrusion by a citizen of one country into the domestic affairs of another, which as a rule must be better judged of by denizens than by foreigners. Nay, it may even seem a rather violent intrusion; for the sincere advocate of one of the two systems cannot speak of what he deems to be the demerits of the other otherwise than in broad and trenchant terms. In this case, however, it may be said that something of reciprocal reproach is i
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ingersoll, Robert Green 1833- (search)
hat he would not be returned to active service, he resigned his commission. Returning home, he became a strong Republican, and in 1866 was appointed attorney-general of Illinois. In 1876, at the Republican National Convention, he nominated James G. Blaine for the Presidency in a speech which contained the following memorable sentence: Like an armed warrior, like a plumed knight, James G. Blaine marched down the halls of the American Congress and threw his shining lances full and fair againstJames G. Blaine marched down the halls of the American Congress and threw his shining lances full and fair against the brazen forehead of every defamer of his country and maligner of its honor. He was conspicuously active in the Presidential campaigns of 1876 and 1880, and had it not been for his Robert Green Ingersoll. pronounced agnostic views he would have been honored with high official preferment. In 1882 he settled in New York City, and engaged in law practice till his death, July 21, 1899. He was a man of rare personal attractions; an orator of exceptional brilliancy. His generosity was unboun
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Logan, John Alexander 1826-1886 (search)
he most successful volunteer generals. He was again elected to Congress in 1866 and remained in the House till March 4, 1871, when he entered the Senate, having been elected to succeed Richard Yates. At the expiration of this term in 1877 he was defeated for reelection; but in 1879 he was a successful candidate, and held this seat by re-election in 1885 till his death. In 1884 he was the Republican candidate for Vice-President of the United States on the unsuccessful ticket headed by James G. Blaine. He died in Washington, D. C., Dec. 26, 1886. General Logan was an aggressive and effective speaker, and during his service in the United States Senate his voice was heard discussing fearlessly all important measures. Between 1867 and the beginning of 1886, his most notable speeches, in the House and Senate were on Reconstruction; The impeachment of President Johnson; Principles of the Democratic party; Vindication of President Grant against the attack of Charles Sumner; The Ku-Kl
7 Sebastian S. Marble1887 to 1888 Edwin C. Burleigh1889 to 1892 Henry B. Cleaves1893 to 1897 Llewellyn Powers1897 to 1901 John F. Hill1901 to — United States Senators. Name.No. of Congress.Term. John Chandler16th to 20th1820 to 1829 John Holmes16th to 19th1820 to 1827 Albion K. Parris20th1828 John Holmes20th to 22d 1829 to 1833 Peleg Sprague21st to 23d1830 to 1835 John Ruggles23d to 26th 1835 to 1841 Ether Shepley23d to 24th1835 to 1836 Judah Dana24th1836 to 1837 Reuel Williams25th to 28th1837 to 1843 George Evans27th 29th1841 to 1847 John Fairfield28th to 30th 1843 to 1847 Wyman B. S. Moor30th1848 Hannibal Hamlin30th1848 to 1857 James W. Bradbury30th to 33d1847 to 1853 William Pitt Fessenden33d to 41st1854 to 1869 Amos Nourse34th1857 Hannibal Hamlin35th to 36th1857 to 1861 Lot M. Morrill36th to 44th1861 to 1876 Hannibal Hamlin41st to 46th1869 to 1881 James G. Blaine44th to 47th1876 to 1881 William P. Frye47th to —1881 to — Eugene Hale47th to —1
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Presidential elections. (search)
81,740Samuel F. CaryO.Gre'nb Green Clay SmithKyPro.9,522Gideon T. StewartO.Pro James B. WalkerIll.Amer2,636D. KirkpatrickN. Y.Amer 1880. James A. Garfield*O.Rep4,449,0537,018214Chester A. Arthur*N. Y.Rep214 W. S. HancockPa.Dem4,442,035155William H. EnglishInd.Dem155 James B. WeaverIowaGre'nb307,306B. J. ChambersTexGre'nb Neal DowMe.Pro10,305H. A. ThompsonO.Pro John W. PhelpsVt.Amer707S. C. PomeroyKanAmer 1884. Grover Cleveland*O.Dem4,911,01762,683219T. A. Hendricks*Ind.Dem219 James G. BlaineMe.Rep4,848,334182John A. LoganIll.Rep182 John P. St. JohnKanPro151,809William DanielMdPro Benjamin F. ButlerMass.Peop133,825A. M. WestMissPeop P. D. WiggintonCalAmer 1888. Grover ClevelandN. Y.Dem5,538,23398,017168Allen G. ThurmanO.Dem168 Benjamin Harrison*Ind.Rep5,440,216233Levi P. Morton*N. Y.Rep233 Clinton B. FiskN. J.Pro249,907John A. BrooksMo.Pro Alson J. StreeterIll.U. L.148,105C. E. CunninghamArkU'd L. R. H. CowdryIll.U'd L.2,808W. H. T. WakefieldKan.U'd L. James L. Cur
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