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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., Organization of the two governments. (search)
57-65) Louisiana Governor Thomas O. Moore (1860-4) Governor Henry W. Allen (1864-5) Union military governors Governor George F. Shepley (1862-4) Governor Michael Hahn (1864-5) Mississippi Governor John J. Pettus (1860-2) Governor Charles Clarke (1863) Governor Jacob Thompson (1863-4) North Carolina Governor John W. Ellis (1859-61) Governor H. T. Clark, acting (1861-2) Governor Zebulon B. Vance (1862-5) South Carolina Governor Francis W. Pickens (1860-2) Governor M. L. Bonham (1862-4) Governor A. G. Magrath (1864-5) Tennessee Governor Isham G. Harris (1857-65) Union military Governor Governor Andrew Johnson, (1862-5) Texas Governor Samuel Houston (1859-61) Governor Edward Clark, acting (1861) Governor Francis R. Lubbock 1861-3) Governor Pendleton Murrah (1863-5) Virginia Governor John Letcher (1860-4) Governor William Smith, (1864-5) Border States Kentucky Governor Beriah Magoffin (1
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., McDowell's advance to Bull Run. (search)
n did not reach him until the 16th. Beauregard's Army of the Potomac at Manassas consisted of the brigades of Holmes, Bonham, Ewell, D. R. Jones, Longstreet, Cocke and Early, and of 3 regiments of infantry, 1 regiment and 3 battalions of cavalry,brigade; Blackburn's Ford was defended by Longstreet's brigade, supported by Early's brigade; Mitchell's Ford was held by Bonham's brigade, with an outpost of two guns and an infantry support east of Bull Run; the stream between Mitchell's Ford and tf infantry, 2 pieces of artillery, and a squadron of cavalry moved down the slope into the woods and opened fire, driving Bonham's outpost to the cover of intrenchments across the stream. The brigades of Bonham and Longstreet, the latter being reenfBonham and Longstreet, the latter being reenforced for the occasion by Early's brigade, responded at short range to the fire of the Federal reconnoitering force and drove it back in disorder. Tyler reported that having satisfied himself that the enemy was in force, and ascertained the position
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., The opposing armies at the first Bull Run. (search)
y, 2 13-pounder rifle guns, 2 6-pounder smooth-bore guns; Tidball's Battery, 2 6-pounder smooth-bore guns, 2 12-pounder howitzers; Greene's Battery, 4 10-pounder rifle guns; Ayres's Battery, 2 10-pounder rifle guns, 2 6-pounder smooth-bore guns, 2 12-pounder howitzers; Edwards's Battery, 2 20-pounder rifle guns, 1 30-pounder rifle gun. Composition and losses of the Confederate army. General Joseph E. Johnston. Army of the Potomac, Brig.-Gen. G. T. Beauregard. First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. M. L. Bonham: 11th N. C., Col. W. W. Kirkland; 2d S. C., Col. J. B. Kershaw; 3d S. C., Col. J. H. Williams; 7th S. C., Col. Thomas G. Bacon; 8th S. C., Col. E. B. C. Cash. Loss: k, 10; w, 66 =76. Second Brigade [not actively engaged], Brig.-Gen. R. S. Ewell: 5th Ala., Col. R. E. Rodes; 6th Ala., Col. J. J. Seibels; 6th La., Col. J. G. Seymour. Third Brigade, Brig.-Gen. D. R. Jones: 17th Miss., Col. W. S. Featherston; 18th Miss., Col. E. R. Burt; 5th S. C., Col. M. Jenkins. Loss: k, 13; w, 62 =
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., Responsibilities of the first Bull Run. (search)
them. This frustrated the second plan. Two Federal batteries--one in front of Bonham's brigade at Mitchell's Ford, the other before Longstreet's at Blackburn's FordHolmes, of the second line, to hasten to the conflict with their brigades. General Bonham, who was near me, was desired to send up two regiments and a battery. I th from the north-west, and but a. few miles from us, caused me to send orders to Bonham, Longstreet, and Jones to hold their brigades south of Bull Run, and ready to move. When Bonham's two regiments appeared soon after, Cocke's brigade was ordered into action on our right. Fisher's North Carolina regiment coming up, Bonham's Bonham's two regiments were directed against the Federal right, and Fisher's was afterward sent in the same direction; for the enemy's strongest efforts seemed to be directed en the retreat of the enemy toward Centreville began, I sent orders to Brigadier-General Bonham by Lieutenant-Colonel Lay, of his staff, who happened to be with me, t
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 14: Manassas. (search)
ad to the Stone Bridge on the Warrenton turnpike. At Union Mills Ford, Ewell's brigade of three regiments; at McLean's Ford, Jones' brigade of three regiments; at Blackburn's Ford, Longstreet's brigade of five regiments; above Mitchell's Ford, Bonham's brigade of five regiments; at Lewis' Ford, Cocke's brigade of portions of six regiments; at Stone Bridge, Evans' demi-brigade of a regiment and a half; Early's brigade of four regiments was posted as a reserve in rear and support of Longstreet quia Creek, consisted of two regiments, reported by Beauregard at a total of 1,355, and 6 guns. It was posted as a support for Ewell. Johnston's Army of the Shenandoah consisted of Jackson's brigade of five regiments, posted as a support for Bonham; and Bee's brigade of four regiments, posted as a support for Cocke. These had arrived and were in camp on the morning of the battle (July 21st). Beauregard reports their round numbers, ready for action, at 6,000 men and 20 guns. In addition, t
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 15: Bull Run. (search)
nvelop the rebel left, the Union right had become so strongly turned southward that it was nearly parallel to the Sudley road. Near the beginning of this final contest, Johnston received notice that the long-expected remainder of his Army of the Shenandoah had at length come; and before it was half over, Elzey, with Kirby Smith's brigade of three regiments, arrived near the battle-field from Manassas by the Sudley road. By this time, too, four other regiments, two from Cocke's and two from Bonham's brigades, also came up from the nearer fords. These seven fresh regiments, thrown opportunely by the rebel commander into the woods west of the Sudley road, directly against the exposed Union right flank, created a numerical overweight, which affords sufficient explanation of the Union repulse at that point. But now, at half-past 4 in the afternoon, when the Union reinforcements were exhausted, the rebel accessions still continued: Early with three regiments arrived from the lower for
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 16: the retreat. (search)
dash in here and there and pick up or scatter isolated squads of stragglers. Another reserve battalion of rebel cavalry under Radford was sent in pursuit from the vicinity of Ball's Ford up toward the turnpike; while Johnston also sent orders to Bonham to take the remainder of his own and Longstreet's brigades, and move against the line of retreat at Centreville. Radford, like Stuart, saw that the retreating brigades of Sherman, Keyes, and Schenck were too formidable to attack; and Bonham, on Bonham, on nearing Centreville, found the brigades of Blenker, Richardson, and Davies so well posted, and so superior in numbers, that he was quite content to stop with a mere reconnoissance, and at nightfall returned to his camps behind Mitchell's and Blackburn's Fords. Meanwhile, though the Confederate pursuit could nowhere venture a serious assault, an accident served to greatly enlarge their harvest of trophies. The business of war was such a novelty, that McDowell's army accumulated an extraordi
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Appendix B. (search)
Appendix B. Organization, at the dates indicated, of the Confederate forces combined at the battle of Manassas, under the command of Brigadier-General Johnston, C. S. Army. army of the Potomac (Afterwards first Corps), July 21, 1861. From a field return for that date, but dated September 25, 1861. The reports following show other combinations during the battle. Brigadier-General G. T. Beauregard. Infantry. First Brigade. Brigadier-General M. L. Bonham. 11th North Carolina. 2d South Carolina. 3d South Carolina. 7th South Carolina. 8th South Carolina. Third Brigade. Brigadier-General D. R. Jones. 17th Mississippi. 18th Mississippi. 5th South Carolina. Fifth Brigade. Colonel P. St. George Cooke. 1st Louisiana Battalion. 8th Virginia, seven companies. 18th Virginia, seven companies. 19th Virginia, seven companies. 28th Virginia, seven companies. 49th Virginia, three companies. Second Brigade. Brigadier-General R. S. Ewell. 5th Alabama. 6th Alabama
ch! The young men are all desirous of going to the war, any how; and the old men are equally desirous to march, if necessary.--Boston Saturday Express, April 27. Governor Hicks delivered a message to the Maryland Legislature. It briefly details the startling events which induced him to assemble that body.--(Doc. 109.) The rebel army stationed at Richmond, numbers three thousand and seventy-two men, of which about six hundred are South Carolina troops under the command of Brig.-Gen. M. L. Bonham.--Richmond Enquirer, April 27, and N. Y. Herald, April 30. A number of French residents of New York held a meeting this afternoon for the purpose of taking measures with reference to the present state of the country. Messrs. Fremont, Quesne, and Faidu were appointed a Committee to conduct the proceedings. M. Victor Faidu stated the object of the meeting, and proposed that it be made preliminary to a general meeting of French citizens for their proper organization to participa
Doc. 172. Message of Governor Bonham.Executive Department, Columbia, S. C., Sept. 21, 1863. Gentlemen of the Senate and House of Representatives: the day of your annual meeting is so near at hand that I should not have convoked you again in extra session but for what I deem a pressing emergency, admitting of no delay. The progress of the war for the last few months has not been favorable to our arms. The brilliant repulse of the enemy's iron-clad fleet, on the seventh of April lasthim to respond to the calls of the Commanding General, giving credit for all labor previously furnished, and that the time of service be extended to two months. The free negroes should be included. I doubt not that there has been cause for the complaint heretofore made as to the treatment and detention of the negroes; but it is believed that, through the instrumentality of the energetic State Agent, (whose report is herewith transmitted,) many of the evils have been remedied. M. L. Bonham.
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