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Condition of Fort Sumter after the bombardment. repairs begun at once. mustering of South Carolina Volunteers. Bonham's brigade. General Beauregard makes a reconnoissance of the South Carolina coast. recommends works at Stono, the two Ednfederate States. Early in May, a brigade of four regiments of South Carolina volunteers was organized, under Brigadier-General Bonham. It consisted of the 1st South Carolina Volunteers, Colonel Gregg; the 2d South Carolina Volunteers, Colonel Ke April—four days after the fall of Sumter—joined her fate to that of the Southern Confederacy. One of the regiments of Bonham's brigade (Gregg's) had been sent in advance to Norfolk. Its mission was to take possession of the navy-yard and protectn, in the Department of Alexandria, or the Alexandria line, as it was also called, the command of which devolved upon General Bonham. He remained there until relieved, on the 1st of June, by General Beauregard. As soon as he could be spared from
ee, then commanding the Virginia State forces. General Lee had just returned from Manassas, about twenty-seven miles below Alexandria, where he had left Brigadier-General Bonham, of South Carolina, with some five thousand men of all arms. This position had been taken at the instance of Colonel Thomas Jordan, of the Virginia forcented. . . . R. E. Lee, Maj.-Gen. Comdg. That such instructions, so vague as a whole, and yet so minute in some respects, should have embarrassed Brigadier-General Bonham, as was asserted, is not, we submit, to be much wondered at. To obey them implicitly was clearly an impossibility under the circumstances. They were caladquarters Virginia forces, Richmond, dated May 31st, 1861, assigning me to the command of the troops on the Alexandria line, I have this day relieved Brigadier-General M. L. Bonham of said command. All orders and instructions from these Headquarters will be obeyed accordingly. The Brigadier-General Commanding feels assured
ious movement of the enemy with largely superior forces. The substance of those instructions was embodied, with minute details, in a Special Order, No. 100, from the Adjutant-General's office, which was the order literally executed on the 17th of July. This is one of the most remarkable instances in military history, of an order providing fully and precisely, nearly a month in advance, for all the exigencies of a strategic movement, remotely contingent upon the operations of an enemy. General Bonham, upon the near approach of the forces confronting him, was to retire slowly on Centreville, by the turnpike, then to Mitchell's Ford, drawing the enemy after him to that point, which was the only portion of General Beauregard's line yet fortified. General Ewell, from Sangster's Crossroads and vicinity, was to follow the line of the railroad over a rather rough and difficult country road to Union Mills Ford, where the position was naturally strong and offered good cover to his men. The i
efusal. General McDowell ordered to advance. strong demonstration against General Bonham. General Beauregard's telegram to the President. General Johnston ordereds to the intended Federal movement, which was otherwise apparent to him. General Bonham was at once informed of the impending event, and directed to execute his rehe 17th McDowell's advance was reported to be approaching; and before noon, General Bonham's pickets being driven in, he began his retreat, as had been previously agrto strike his communication with Germantown, which was very nearly effected—General Bonham's rear having just passed through the junction of the two roads at the hamlnd of the heaviest brigade of the army. The enemy had no sooner attacked General Bonham's line, than General Beauregard forwarded the following telegram to the Preurn's Ford, Longstreet's brigade, with two brass 6-pounders at Mitchell's Ford, Bonham's brigade, with Shields's and Delaware Kemper's batteries, and six companies of
arther in the rear, was Barksdale's Mississippi regiment. Bonham was supported by Jackson's brigade (of General Johnston's three hundred men—occupied the level ground in rear, from Bonham's to Cocke's brigades. Five pieces of Walton's battery wereserve in rear of Bee's right, and Pendleton's in rear of Bonham's extreme left. The following table shows the compositiion on the left of Jones, and be joined on his own left by Bonham, from Mitchell's Ford. Ewell, having the longest march, ws to lead the movement, followed by Jones, Longstreet, and Bonham, with their respective reserves. Colonels Stuart and Radfg Bull Run to guard the interval between Cocke's right and Bonham's left, with orders to support either in case of need—the ker, of six guns, and Early's brigade. Two regiments from Bonham's brigade, with Kemper's four 6-pounders, were also calledl Johnston, Generals Ewell, Jones (D. R.), Longstreet, and Bonham were directed to make a demonstration to their several fro
urged the necessity of an immediate pursuit by General Bonham's forces, which, with General Longstreet's brighat chivalrous gentleman, soldier, and patriot, General Bonham. Ibid. vol. i. p. 355. This is another error. The order sent to General Bonham by General Beauregard, and given in full in Mr. Davis's book, I Id to ascribe to it. For the order required that General Bonham should take with him a vast amount of transportand possessing both youth and beauty, rode into General Bonham's lines, at Fairfax Court-House, and delivered ad ever seen on human head. From a letter of General Bonham to General Beauregard. The young lady in questibe forgotten either by General Beauregard or by General Bonham, and is, no doubt, as deeply graven upon the me and assigning them new positions, with the advance—Bonham's brigade— at Centreville. Holmes's brigade, by diof cavalry, was ordered to re-occupy Leesburg, and Bonham's brigade, with Delaware Kemper's and Shields's bat
to be able more easily to take the offensive, or draw on a battle, while the enemy was yet demoralized and undisciplined. Accordingly, on the 9th and 10th, Longstreet's brigade was moved to Fairfax Court-House, and D. R. Jones's to Germantown. Bonham was drawn back from Vienna to Flint Hill, leaving a strong mounted guard at the former place. Cocke was stationed at Centreville; Ewell at Sangster's Crossroads; Early and Hampton at the intersection of the Occoquan with the Wolf Run Shoals roade information concerning these positions, through Colonel George W. Lay, long a resident of Washington, proposed to General Johnston, now that they were in our hands, to hold and support them by the following arrangement of troops: 1 brigade (Bonham's) at or about old Court-House, near Vienna. 2 brigades (D. R. Jones's and Cocke's) at or about Falls Church. 1 brigade (Longstreet's) at or about Munson's Hill. 1 brigade (Johnston's forces) half-way between Mason's and Munson's Hills. 1 brigad
ttended would never have caused Mr. Davis the gratification he expressed? Here are glaring facts which cannot be gainsaid. It was only when the War Department had been informed, on the 17th of July, that the enemy, in force, had driven in General Bonham's pickets, at Fairfax Court-House, not more than twelve miles from Manassas, that General Beauregard was allowed to call upon General Johnston, then at Winchester, more than sixty miles away on his left, and upon General Holmes, then at Aquiaoment numbered about eighteen thousand men, while those of General McDowell, at and advancing on Fairfax Court-House, amounted to some forty thousand. And it was only because General Beauregard's sagacious strategy forced the enemy to follow General Bonham in his preconcerted retreat to Mitchell's Ford, the only strong point of General Beauregard's defensive line, that he was enabled to defeat McDowell on the 18th, and hold him in check until the 20th, when General Holmes joined his forces with
sinuates his doubts, and apparently—though not quite consistently— fails to remember. This is all the more strange, inasmuch as he was then in possession, not only of Colonel Chestnut's report, sent him by General Beauregard at his own request, but also of General Sam. Jones's letter, which bore witness that the plan referred to in the report of the battle of Manassas was substantially the same as the one proposed by him through the medium of Colonel Chestnut. Early in the month of June, Bonham's brigade of four South Carolina regiments had been advanced to Fairfax Court-House, and Ewell's brigade posted in front of Bull Run, at Union Mills Ford; all of which had been duly announced, and was well known to the Confederate War Department, as the correspondence of the period will show. This, however, is not at all material to the issue made by Mr. Davis's endorsement with reference to General Beauregard's plan of concentration and aggression, communicated to him through Colonel Chest
an, H. S. Foote, T. B. Handle,Ark. H. W. Bruce,Ky. R. J. Breckinridge, W. R. Smith,Ala. E. L. Gardenshire,Tenn. J. W. Moore,Ky. D. F. Kenner,La. L. C. Dupre, E. S. Dargan,Ala. F. J. Batson,Ark. J. B. Heiskell,Tenn. G. B. Hodge, Ky. T. A. Harris,Mo. H. E. Reid, C. C. Herbert,Texas. Wm. H. Tibbs,Tenn. F. J. Foster,Ala. J. L. M. Curry,Ala. E. M. Bruce,Ky. A. W. Conrow,Mo. A. H. Garland,Ark. F. W. Freeman, G. G. Vest, Mo. Wm. Porcher Miles,S. C. J. D. Crocket,Ky. M. L. Bonham, W. R. Machen, W. W. Boyce, H. R. Wright,Ga. F. Farrow, M. D. Graham,Texas. J. McQueen, D. M. Currin,Tenn. A true copy. Charles J. Villere, Representative in Congress. President Davis's answer to this earnest appeal, supported by such an imposing array of representative names, was truly characteristic. The reader will judge of it after reading the following paper: Notes of an Interview with the President relative to Transferring General Beauregard to the Command of De
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