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William Boynton, Sherman's Historical Raid, Chapter 3: (search)
nd fought the advance of Beauregard's army, that he was advancing on us. General Sherman said it could not be possible, Beauregard was not such a fool as to leave his base of operations and attack us in ours—mere reconnoissance in force. General Bragg's official report shows that this reconnoitering party was really pushed up to the immediate vicinity of three corps of the Confederate army. Of the movement from Monterey to the battle-field, Bragg says: Moving from there, the command Bragg says: Moving from there, the command bivouacked for the night near the Meckey House, immediately in rear of Major-General Hardee's corps, Major-General Polk's being just in our rear * * * A reconnoissance in some force from the enemy made its appearance during the evening in front of General Hardee's corps, and was promptly driven back. The following extracts from various official reports of the battle, bear pointedly upon the question of a surprise. General John McArthur, commanding Second Division, says: We had been in
William Boynton, Sherman's Historical Raid, Chapter 4: (search)
ed by a small garrison under Colonel Murphy. Price's force was about eight thousand men, and the general impression was that he was en route for Eastport, with the purpose to cross the Tennessee River in the direction of Nashville, in aid of General Bragg, then in full career for Kentucky. General Grant determined to attack him in force, prepared to regain Corinth before Van Dorn could reach it. He had drawn Ord to Corinth, and moved him by Burnsville on Iuka, by the main road twenty-six miill be ours when we want it. All that is needful is to combine, push, and whip them. We have whipped, and should now push to the wall, all the forces in Mississippi, and capture the rolling stock of tile railroads west of the Alabama & Mobile. Bragg's army alone could repair the damage we have it in our power to do them. But I beseech you to bend every thing to push them while they are broken, weary, hungry, and ill supplied. Draw every thing from Memphis to help move on Holly Springs. Le
William Boynton, Sherman's Historical Raid, Chapter 5: (search)
y a prompt and concentrated movement to break the center, near Chickasaw Creek, at the head of a bayou of the same name; and once in position to turn to the right (Vicksburg), or left (Drumgould's Bluff), according to information then obtained. I supposed their organized forces to amount to about fifteen thousand, which could be reenforced at the rate of about four thousand a day, provided General Grant did not occupy all the attention of Pemberton's forces at Grenada, or Rosecrans those of Bragg in Tennessee. Not one word could I hear from General Grant, who was supposed to be pushing south, or of General Banks, supposed to be ascending the Mississippi. Time being every thing to us, I determined to assault the hills in front of Morgan on the morning of the 29th; Morgan's division to carry the position of the hills, Steele's division to support him and hold the county road. I had placed General A. J. Smith in command of his own division (First) and that of M. L. Smith (Second),
William Boynton, Sherman's Historical Raid, Chapter 6: (search)
his command, seemingly to surround and capture Bragg in Chattanooga; but the latter, reenforced frocould spare immediately toward Chattanooga. Bragg had completely driven Rosecrans' army into Chat army, had, by his brilliant strategy, driven Bragg without serious battle out of Murfreesboro, ouo bloody a battle wrested that stronghold from Bragg, the whole nation would have applauded, and thd Atlanta. Rosecrans had successively flanked Bragg out of all positions from Murfreesboro to Chatf their trenches to assume the offensive; that Bragg had detached Longstreet with a considerable foiled to gain a foothold on the main ridge upon Bragg's extreme right. Hooker carried Lookout, Thomsition; climbed those rugged heights and drove Bragg into sudden, unexpected, and rapid retreat. I-General Sherman, It is quite possible that Bragg and Johnston will move through Northern Alabamman now revives. In his next statement that Bragg reenforced from Virginia, drew out of Chattano[23 more...]
William Boynton, Sherman's Historical Raid, Chapter 11: (search)
-General U. S. Grant, Chattanooga. I have had detailed conversations with the President, the Secretary of War, and General Halleck, with respect to your project of a campaign in Alabama. It meets the full approval of them all in every respect, not only because it keeps your army active during the otherwise useless weather of the Winter, but because it appears to them well conceived and as certain of producing the desired effect as any plan can be. If it succeed said the Secretary of War, Bragg's army become prisoners of war without our having the trouble of providing for them. You would be authorized to proceed immediately with its execution but for the anxiety which seems to exist respecting East Tennessee. If Longstreet were expelled from that country, you could stars for Mobile at once; I suppose General Halleck will communicate with you fully on this subject. I judge from my conversation with him that he does not understand clearly how an army, large enough to make Longstre
William Boynton, Sherman's Historical Raid, Chapter 16: (search)
ancing, sustained a partial repulse, but soon rallied, and he formed a line of the two leading divisions, Morgan's and Carlin's, of Jeff. C. Davis' corps. The enemy attacked these with violence, but was repulsed. This was in the forenoon of Sunday, the 19th. General Slocum brought forward the two divisions of the Twentieth Corps, hastily disposed of them for defense, and General Kilpatrick massed his cavalry on the left. General Jos. Johnston had the night before marched his whole army (Bragg, Cheatham, S. D. Lee, Hardee, and all the troops he had drawn from every quarter), determined, as he told his men, to crush one of our corps and then defeat us in detail He attacked General Slocum in position from 3 P. M. on the 19th till dark, but was every where repulsed and lost heavily. At the time I was with the Fifteenth Corps marching on a road more to the right, but on hearing of General Slocum's danger directed that corps toward Cox's Bridge, in the night brought Blair's corps over
William Boynton, Sherman's Historical Raid, Chapter 20: (search)
he pressing necessities of the case had been repeatedly represented to them both-and that finally Burnside never came, and Sherman himself was seven weeks behind the time set for his arrival at Chattanooga, exhibiting no special activity in his advance until after Rosecrans was removed, when suddenly, under Grant's request to come on, the energy of his movement surpassed praise. While he states that Grant was afraid the Army of the Cumberland could not be drawn out of its trenches to attack Bragg, and wanted Sherman's men to come up and coax them into fighting by the power of their example, the records show that Grant had confidence enough in Thomas' army to order it-before Sherman was within supporting distance even—to do what the latter afterward failed to perform; and further, that when General Thomas insisted upon giving orders for an attack without waiting for Sherman, who was still delayed with the greater part of his troops, Grant assented, and Thomas actually accomplished th