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General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 32: failure to follow success. (search)
ce night attack beyond Lookout Mountain Colonel Bratton's clever work review of the western moveupport, and ordered his own brigade under Colonel Bratton to move cautiously against the rear-guardportunity was encouraging. As soon as Colonel Bratton engaged, the alarm spread, the enemy hasteir fight, and, under the impression that Colonel Bratton had finished his work and recrossed the bridge, withdrew his command, leaving Colonel Bratton at the tide of his engagement. General Jenkins and Colonel Bratton were left to their own cool and gallant skill to extricate the brigade from nd safely over, Benning's brigade crossing as Bratton reached the bridge. The conduct of BrattoBratton's forces was one of the cleverest pieces of work of the war, and the skill of its handling softenof our gallant officers and soldiers. Colonel Bratton made clever disposition of his regiments,ral Robertson (1 wounded and 8 missing)9 Colonel Bratton lost (aggregate)356 Confederate loss408
William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington, Chapter 15: Confederate losses — strength of the Confederate Armies--casualties in Confederate regiments — list of Confederate Generals killed — losses in the Confederate Navy. (search)
- 204 48th North Carolina Cooke's Heth's 8 115 -- 123 15th North Carolina Cooke's Heth's 14 87 -- 101 26th North Carolina Kirkland's Heth's 16 83 -- 99 Wauhatchie, Tenn.             Oct. 27, 1863.             5th South Carolina Bratton's Jenkins's 9 84 9 102 ----Hampton Legion Bratton's Jenkins's 8 65 12 85 Mine Run, Va.             Nov. 27, 1863.             3d North Carolina Steuart's Johnson's 7 65 -- 72 4th Virginia Walker's Johnson's 7 48 4 59 Olustee, FBratton's Jenkins's 8 65 12 85 Mine Run, Va.             Nov. 27, 1863.             3d North Carolina Steuart's Johnson's 7 65 -- 72 4th Virginia Walker's Johnson's 7 48 4 59 Olustee, Fla.             Feb. 20, 1864.             32d Georgia Harrison's Finnegan's 15 149 -- 164 64th Georgia Harrison's Finnegan's 17 88 2 107 2d Florida Battalion Harrison's Finnegan's 12 95 2 109 There are no muster-out rolls of the Confederate regiments. There are partial sets of muster-rolls and monthly returns at Washington in the Bureau of Confederate Archives; but they are defective and incomplete. There is no way of determining acc
The plan of the battle was this: Generals Hill and Longstreet were to attack in front, and when the enemy were repulsed, Gen. Whiting was to march down theNine-mile road, but came unexpectedly upon a large body of the enemy, who had crossed the Chickahominy and entrenched themselves. This was on the left of the railroad, and east of the New-Bridge, or Nine-mile road, as it is known in country parlance. Col. Jenkins commanded a brigade, composed of the Fifth South-Carolina regiment, Col. Bratton, and the Palmetto Sharp-shooters, Lieut.-Colonel Walker. The former commander, Brig.-General R. A. Anderson, commanded a division in the fight. He has not resigned. The Gen. Anderson who resigned is from Tennessee, and his place as commander of the Tennessee brigade was assigned to Brig.-Gen. Robert Hatton, who was killed. While proceeding down the New-Bridge road, endeavoring to get to the rear of the enemy, who were falling back before Gen. Longstreet, General Whiting's division w
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 3: fall and winter of 1861 (search)
oaders got admission among cavalry regiments, and common sense and experience gradually forced a recognition of the value of a heavy fire. By 1864, the Spencer breech-loading carbine had been adopted as the regulation arm for the Federal cavalry, and by the fall of that year brigades of infantry began to appear with it. On October 7, 1864, on the Darbytown road, Field's division was easily repulsed by two brigades armed with Spencers, with severe loss, including Genls. Gregg killed and Bratton wounded; and on Nov. 30, 1864, at Franklin, Tennessee, Casement's, brigade with these arms decided that battle with terrific slaughter, It was written of this fight that never before in the history of war did a command, of the approximate strength of Casement's. in so short a period of time kill and wound as many men. There is reason to believe that had the Federal infantry been armed from the first with even the breech-loaders available in 1861 the war would have been terminated within
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 19: battle of Chickamauga (search)
ght around the high toe of Lookout Mountain. This road was exposed to batteries on the north side of the river and could only be used at night. Three of the brigades, Law, Benning, and Robertson, had suffered severely, both at Gettysburg and Chickamauga, and scarcely averaged 700 men each. These brigades were ordered to cross Lookout Creek, and seize the road between Hooker's camp near Brown's Ferry and the camp of Geary to be attacked. The remaining brigade was Jenkins's own, now under Bratton, and was about 1800 strong. Law, with two regiments, had opposed Hazen's landing on the 27th, and skirmished on the 28th with the advance of the 11th and 12th corps under Hooker, but had now withdrawn across Lookout Creek. From the mountains above, a fine view was afforded of the valley with Hooker's camp at the north end, and Geary's three miles behind it. Jenkins had been summoned before sundown to view it and get some idea of the topography. He returned after dark and joining Law di
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 20: battle of the Wilderness (search)
gons were so far in the rear, that the attack was given up. As it was, Jenkins's brigade, under Bratton, after a half-hour's attack, drove off Ward's brigade and a portion of Mott's division, and pla But there were no reenforcements and the enemy had a second fortified line full of troops, so Bratton was at last forced to withdraw with severe loss. His attack, and his final repulse by Carroll,hollow. We followed their disappearance with a random fire of artillery down the hollow, which Bratton's skirmishers reported enfiladed them and caused much loss. But, being random fire, it was prestake. This seemed unlikely when it was kept up for over two hours, a great roar of musketry. Bratton, in his report, says:— It seemed a heavy battle and we had nothing to do with it. Skirmisreparation it was wisely abandoned. Lee had brought up Humphreys's brigade from Kershaw's, and Bratton's from Field's division. We had also contributed Cabell's Art'y Batt'n to strengthen the force
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 23: the fall of 1864 (search)
ry practice, which helped swell the totals. Confederate reports are entirely lacking, but losses were fully as heavy in proportion to the numbers engaged, as were the Federal losses; for on several occasions Lee was the aggressor and lost heavily. On one, Oct. 7, on the Darbytown road, Field's division was sent to charge two brigades in breastworks, which proved to be armed with the Spencer magazine-guns. He was quickly repulsed with severe loss, which included Gregg of Texas killed, and Bratton of S. C. wounded. The total Federal casualties for this period, Aug. 1 to Dec. 31, are given as: killed, 2172; wounded, 11,138; missing, 11,311; total, 24,621. The corresponding Confederate losses were probably between 12,000 and 14,000. It will afford a better view of the situation as a whole to glance at those events referred to by Swinton, where he says: — Had not success elsewhere come to brighten the horizon, it would have been difficult to raise new forces to recruit the Army
J. William Jones, Christ in the camp, or religion in Lee's army, Appendix: letters from our army workers. (search)
ian, chaplain Palmetto Sharpshooters. Manning, South Carolina, March 27, 1867. Rev. J. Wm. Jones: Dear Brother: I was chaplain of the Palmetto Sharpshooters, Jenkins's Brigade; and after he was killed in the battle of the Wilderness, Bratton's Brigade, Longstreet's Corps. I became chaplain in July, 1862, and continued so until the surrender of the army at Appomattox Court House. I usually had the following services in my regiment: On Sabbath a prayermeeting about sunrise, preachnce, but none of higher rank than captain in my regiment. Some of the other regiments were much more blessed in this respect, having pious colonels, who exerted a good influence. General Jenkins (our brigadier) was a professor of religion; General Bratton, who succeeded him, was not. I think upon the whole, though there were a great many very wicked men, that still religion exerted a considerable power on the general morals and efficiency of the army. I think there were several men in t
ommanding position below Drewry's Bluff, and constituted the main defence of that part of our lines. Its loss, with fifteen pieces of artillery, was a severe blow to the Confederates, attended with circumstances of mortification, and the resolution was quickly taken to attempt its recapture. Gen. Field was for attacking at once before the enemy could strengthen the position; but he was overruled, and the attack deferred until the afternoon of the next day. It was arranged that Anderson's, Bratton's, and Law's brigades of Field's division should make the assault in front, while Hoke was to attack on the other side, taking advantage of a ravine by which he was enabled to form his men within two or three hundred yards of the fort. The plan of attack miscarried by a singular circumstance. Anderson's men being put in motion merely to adjust the line, misunderstood the orders of their commander, leaped the breastworks of the enemy, rushed forward with a yell, and were soon past control.
Capt. Calvin D. Cowles , 23d U. S. Infantry, Major George B. Davis , U. S. Army, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph W. Kirkley, The Official Military Atlas of the Civil War, Authorities. (search)
rry, W. Va., fortifications 25 II, 425-427 Barnum, Henry A.: Savannah, Ga. 44, 308 Baxter, Henry: Dinwiddie Court-House, Va. 42 i, 513 Benham, Henry W.: Pontoons 33, 413 Birney, David B.: Gettysburg, Pa. 27 i, 486, 487 Blackford, William W.: Brandy Station, Va. 27 II, 686 Blake, Edward D.: New Madrid, Mo., and Island no.10 8, 137 Bowen, John S.: Port Gibson, Miss. 24 i, 665 Branch, L. O'B.: New Berne, N. C. 9, 248 Bratton, John: Wauhatchie, Tenn. 31 i, 232 Briscoe, James C.: Gettysburg, Pa. 27 i, 486, 487 Brooks, Thomas B.: Morris Island, S. C. 28 i, 263, 305-307, 309, 311, 320, 321, 332-334 Brown, Harvey: Pensacola Harbor, Fla. 1, 421 Buford, Abraham: Harrisburg, Miss. 39 i, 334 Burgwyn, H. K.: Weldon, N. C. 27 III, 1071 Butterfield, Daniel: Bull Run, Va. 12 III, 960 Campbell, Albert H.: Fredericksburg, Va. 21, 1129 Capron, Horace: W
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