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John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 2: Charleston Harbor. (search)
ssure from without his administration, acting in regulated concert. No taint of disloyal purpose or thought appears to attach to President Buchanan; but his condition of mind predisposed him in a remarkable degree to fall under the controlling influence of his disloyal counsellors. He possessed the opposing qualities of feeble will and stubborn prejudice; advancing years and decreasing vigor added to his irresolution and embarrassed his always limited capabilities. In the defeat of Breckenridge, whom he had championed, and in the sweeping success of the Republicans, he had suffered scorching rebuke and deep humiliation. His administration was condemned, his policy was overthrown; his proud party was a hopeless wreck. He had no elasticity of mind, no buoyancy of hope to recover from the shock. Withal he had a blind disbelief in the popular judgment; he refused to recognize the fact of an adverse decision at the ballot-box. After his long affiliation with Southern men in thoug
Robert Stiles, Four years under Marse Robert, Chapter 2: Introductory Sketches. (search)
an alive, over the heads of others sc densely packed that they could not move; but I never failed to secure a front seat. I grew well acquainted — that is, by sight — with the party leaders, and recall, among others, Seward and Douglas and Breckenridge, Davis and Toombs and Benjamin, in the Senate; Sherman and Stevens, Logan and Vallandigham, Pryor and Keitt, Bocock and Barksdale, and Smith, of Virginia, in the House. It became intensely interesting to me to observe the part some of these men played later in the great drama: Seward as the leading figure of Lincoln's Cabinet; Davis as President of the Southern Confederacy; Benjamin, Toombs, and Breckenridge as members of his Cabinet, the two latter also as generals whom I have more than once seen commanding troops in battle; Black Jack Logan,--hottest of all the hotspurs of the extreme Southern wing of the Democratic party in the House in 1860,--we all know where he was from 1861 to 1865; and glorious old Extra Billy Smith, soldier
Robert Stiles, Four years under Marse Robert, Chapter 22: from Cold Harbor to evacuation of Richmond and Petersburg (search)
ited army, General Lee was maturing his plans for taking the offensive; and in stating his desire for me to take the initiative with the corps I then commanded, he said: We must destroy this army of Grant's before he gets to James River. If he gets there it will become a siege, and then it will be a mere question of time. It was the startling intelligence of Hunter's operations in the Valley which prevented the contemplated movement against Grant. It became necessary to detach, first Breckenridge, and then Early, to meet this new peril threatening Lee's communications. As Early's corps was to have led the attack, and because it was worse than hopeless to attack at all with his army thus seriously reduced, Lee was compelled to abandon his cherished plan, and Grant retired unmolested from Lee's front on the very night that Early received his orders to move at three o'clock next morning for the Valley; so close and critical was the sequence of events in these later days of the strug
Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 2, Chapter 53: battle of Drury's Bluff, May 16, 1864. (search)
luded to above. Confederate States, Headquarters Department North and South Carolina and Virginia, Hancock House, May 18, 1864, 9.30 P. M. Memorandum: The crisis demands prompt and decisive action. For this, the two armies are now too far apart, unless we consent to give up Petersburg, and place the capital in jeopardy. If General Lee will fall back behind the Chickahominy, engaging the enemy so as to draw him on, General Beauregard can bring up fifteen thousand men to unite with Breckenridge and fall upon the enemy's flank with over twenty thousand effectives-thus rendering Grant's defeat certain and decisive; and in time to enable General Beauregard to return, with a reinforcement from General Lee, to drive Butler from before Petersburg, and from his present position. For three days, perhaps four, Petersburg and Richmond can be held by the forces left behind; not longer. Without such concentration nothing decisive can be effected, and the picture presented is one of sta
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 14: the great Uprising of the people. (search)
e placed-him. Let the people instantly take him and his Administration into their own hands, if they would rescue the land from bloodshed and the Union from sudden and irretrievable destruction. Louisville Journal, April 16, 1861. Thus spoke the organ of the Conservatives of the great and influential State of Kentucky, Kentucky was largely represented, at that time, by men prominent in public life. It was the native State of President Lincoln; Jefferson Davis; the late Vice-President Breckenridge; Senator John J. Crittenden; James Guthrie, Chairman of the committee on resolutions in the. Peace Convention at Washington; Major Anderson; Joseph Holt, late Secretary of War; General Harney, and several others of less note. and, indeed, of the great Valley of the Mississippi below the Ohio. Its voice was potential, because it represented the feelings of the dominant class in the Border Slave-labor States. From that hour the politicians of Kentucky, with few exceptions, endeavo
Charles Congdon, Tribune Essays: Leading Articles Contributing to the New York Tribune from 1857 to 1863. (ed. Horace Greeley), Saulsbury's Sentiments. (search)
e knows better than they do, why they bolted and why they are fighting and bleeding and dying. For if ever men gave a clear reason for pursuing a particular course, the Seceders have assigned the election of Abraham Lincoln as an all-sufficient defence of their folly and sin. They waited for the result of the Presidential canvass, and because it was not to their mind, they betook themselves to the heroic remedy of treason. It is not pretended — no man in his senses will pretend, that if Breckenridge had been elected, even South Carolina would have refused to acquiesce. The truth is, that Mr. Senator Saulsbury does not see, in his volunteer defense of the Rebels, that in ingeniously making out a case for them, he proves too much either for their patriotism, or their honesty or their sincerity. It is cruel to take John Brown out of their mouths. It is unfriendly to deprive them of their pet grievances — the Liberty Bills. It is ungenerous to deny that the election of Lincoln genera
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 23: destruction of the ram Arkansas.--capture of Galveston.--capture of the Harriet Lane.--sinking of the Hatteras.--attack on Baton Rouge.--Miscellaneous engagements of the gun-boats. (search)
proach towards Baton Rouge, where General Williams was in command of the Federal military forces, and expecting an attack from the Confederate troops under General Breckenridge, to be supported by the ram Arkansas and the gun-boats Webb and Music. The Union vessels that were on the spot to meet the enemy and co-operate with thee enemy were approaching Baton Rouge for the purpose of attacking that place. was not an idle one, for on the morning of the 5th of April, at one o'clock, General Breckenridge attacked General Williams' position with great vigor. The Union troops withstood the attack bravely, while the Kineo and Katahdin poured in a heavy fire oey had yet planned. Great credit was due the officers and men of the little flotilla, which co-operated so handsomely with General Williams in defeating General Breckenridge. particularly to Lieutenant Roe of the Katahdin and Lieutenant Ransom of the Kineo, who threw the enemy's ranks into confusion by the remarkable accuracy
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 30: (search)
le, and as he could not land parties of sufficient force to cope with the enemy, he made an arrangement with Lieutenant-Colonel Breckenridge at Fort Henry to supply a body of cavalry for the purpose. There was a conscription party at Linden, Tennessee, which had made itself particularly odious, and it was arranged that Colonel Breckenridge should be landed with his men at a certain point, and the gun-boats should be spread along the river, so that the troops could retreat to them in case theigned them, Phelps dropped Lieutenant Commander S. Ledyard Phelps. down to Decatursville, where he took on board Colonel Breckenridge and fifty mounted men and landed them on the opposite side of the river. At daybreak Colonel Breckenridge reachColonel Breckenridge reached Linden, twelve miles from the river-bank, and completely surprised the enemy. The latter made little resistance, and only three of their number were killed. These men were evidently not anxious to fight themselves, but were looking for others to
s assigned to the command. At this time the troops of the Nineteenth Corps were, for the most part, just arriving from the North on ocean transports, and some of the regiments which had been assigned to the corps had not landed at this date. There had been some Union troops in Louisiana since the occupation of New Orleans, one brigade of which, under command of General Thomas Williams, fought at Baton Rouge, August 5, 1862, making a gallant and successful defence against the attack of Breckenridge's Division. General Williams was killed in this battle. Another brigade, under General Weitzel, was engaged in a lot fight, October 27, 1862, at Georgia Landing (Labadiesville) in the LaFourche district. Soon after the date of the order creating the Nineteenth Corps, an organization was effected. The returns for April, 1863, show four divisions, commanded respectively by Generals Augur, Sherman (Thos. W.), Emory and Grover. In addition, the corps command included seven unassigned
William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington, Chapter 15: Confederate losses — strength of the Confederate Armies--casualties in Confederate regiments — list of Confederate Generals killed — losses in the Confederate Navy. (search)
16 184 -- 49.7 41st Alabama Chickamauga Breckenridge's 325 27 120 11 48.6 4th Virginia Chance6 10 73 -- 44.6 9th Kentucky Chickamauga Breckenridge's 230 11 89 2 44.3 14th South Carolina Gark's 20 103 17 140 9th Arkansas Bowen's Breckenridge's 17 115 -- 132 Crescent Reg't (La.) Pons's 63 146 -- 209 13th Louisiana Adams's Breckenridge's 46 168 102 316 20th Louisiana 16th Louisiana Adams's Breckenridge's 41 176 21 238 25th Louisiana 6th Arkansas Liddell's Cleburne'77 7th Arkansas 4th Florida Preston's Breckenridge's 34 129 31 194 17th Tennessee Johnson'se's 12 135 1 148 18th Tennessee Pillow's Breckenridge's 17 120 8 145 8th Mississippi Jackson'shers's 20 95 3 118 41st Alabama Hanson's Breckenridge's 16 94 38 148 29th Tennessee Smith's Chatham's 27 82 -- 109 32d Alabama Adams's Breckenridge's 21 86 21 128 2d Arkansas Liddell's Clee's 27 120 11 158 19th Louisiana Adams's Breckenridge's 28 114 11 153 18th Tennessee Brown's S[3 more...]
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