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men for three and five years. By what authority of the Constitution and law has he done this? The power is not in the Constitution, nor granted by law. Therefore, it must be illegal and unconstitutional. Again, the President, by his own will, has added immensely to the army, whereas the Constitution says Congress only have power to raise armies. He has also added to the navy against the warrant of the Constitution. These acts are not defended on constitutional or legal grounds, and Mr. Breckenridge pronounced them usurpations. This resolution goes on to recite that the President has suspended the writ of habeas corpus, and proposes to ratify and make that valid. We have a great deal to talk about rights — the rights of States, the rights of individuals, and some of them have been said to be shadowy and imaginary, but the right of every citizen to be arrested only by a warrant of law, and his right to have his body brought before a judicial authority, in order that the grounds
civil war was forced on the country by the disunionists in the South; delivered in the United States Senate, July 25, 1861, the following debate occurred: Mr. Breckenridge said he could not vote for the resolution, because he thought it did not state facts. The present condition of the country was due to the refusal of the maj, my life, my all shall be given freely for the purpose of maintaining the Union and carrying out in good faith the spirit and purport of this resolution. Mr. Breckenridge said the Senator had seen fit to answer most of the remarks he had made. He then referred to the amendment of the Senator from Illinois, claiming it to be along before the election, with the idea of forcing this issue to break up the Government, and I prove it by the declarations of his own friends in public. Mr. Breckenridge said a great many personal allusions have been made, which, though not unparliamentary, are yet ungenerous and unjust. The Senator from Wisconsin, I suppose
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 1, Chapter 6: Louisiana. 1859-1861. (search)
ed, but really because of the storm that was lowering heavy on the political horizon. The presidential election was to occur in November, and the nominations had already been made in stormy debates by the usual conventions. Lincoln and Hamlin (to the South utterly unknown) were the nominees of the Republican party, and for the first time both these candidates were from Northern States. The Democratic party divided--one set nominating a ticket at Charleston, and the other at Baltimore. Breckenridge and Lane were the nominees of the Southern or Democratic party; and Bell and Everett, a kind of compromise, mostly in favor in Louisiana. Political excitement was at its very height, and it was constantly asserted that Mr. Lincoln's election would imperil the Union. I purposely kept aloof from politics, would take no part, and remember that on the day of the election in November I was notified that it would be advisable for me to vote for Bell and Everett, but I openly said I would not,
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 1, Chapter 9: battle of Shiloh. March and April, 1862. (search)
nd the Fortieth Illinois and Thirteenth Missouri for thus holding their ground under heavy fire, although their cartridge-boxes were empty. I am ordered by General Grant to give personal credit where I think it is due, and censure where I think it merited. I concede that General McCook's splendid division from Kentucky drove back the enemy along the Corinth road, which was the great centre of this field of battle, where Beauregard commanded in person, supported by Bragg's, Polk's, and Breckenridge's divisions. I think Johnston was killed by exposing himself in front of his troops, at the time of their attack on Buckland's brigade on Sunday morning; although in this I may be mistaken. My division was made up of regiments perfectly new, nearly all having received their muskets for the first time at Paducah. None of them had ever been under fire or beheld heavy columns of an enemy bearing down on them as they did on last Sunday. To expect of them the coolness and steadiness of
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 2, chapter 22 (search)
difficulty in procuring a supply for our animals. General Thomas has defeated Hood, near Nashville, and it is hoped that he will completely crush his army. Breckenridge, at last accounts, was trying to form a junction near Murfreesboroa, but, as Thomas is between them, Breckenridge must either retreat or be defeated. GeneraBreckenridge must either retreat or be defeated. General Rosecrans made very bad work of it in Missouri, allowing Price with a small force to overrun the State and destroy millions of property. Orders have been issued for all officers and detachments having three months or more to serve, to rejoin your army via Savannah. Those having less than three months to serve, will be retainen general officers killed, wounded, and captured. The enemy probably lost five thousand men at Franklin, and ten thousand in the last three days operations. Breckenridge is said to be making for Murfreesboroa. I think he is in a most excellent place. Stoneman has nearly wiped out John Morgan's old command, and five days ago
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 2, chapter 25 (search)
ned strictly to belligerents. He then said Breckenridge was a major-general in the Confederate armystaff-officers back, who soon returned with Breckenridge, and he entered the room. General Johnston then again went over the whole ground, and Breckenridge confirmed what he had said as to the uneasirom Mr. Reagan, Postmaster-General. He and Breckenridge looked over them, and, after some side convter prepared for a long chase. Neither Mr. Breckenridge nor General Johnston wrote one word of thwere all presented to Generals Johnston and Breckenridge. All without exception were rejoiced that our faces toward home. I remember telling Breckenridge that he had better get away, as the feelingpeace from the Potomac to the Rio Grande. Mr. Breckenridge was present at our conference, in the cap of all arms. Both Generals Johnston and Breckenridge admitted that slavery was dead, and I could, with the rebel General Johnston. Brigadier-General Breckenridge was present at the conference. [1 more...]
General Averill, was wounded in the nose and cheek. Among the rebel officers taken was Major Breckenridge, of the First Virginia cavalry. The prisoners are a sorry-looking set. --N. Y. Times. usly. From fifty to seventy-five prisoners were taken in the various charges, including Major Breckenridge, of the First Virginia cavalry. Richmond Whig account. To the Editor of the Richme crossing in the face of the sharp-shooters of the Second Virginia cavalry, commanded by Captain Breckenridge. From the rifle-pits this gallant officer resisted their advance, emptying saddle after ear. While these events were transpiring far down on the extreme left, the Second, led by Major Breckenridge, chanced to meet the sharp-shooters and supporting column that was rapidly advancing. In ss in time; struggling manfully, they were compelled to retire slowly, leaving behind them Major Breckenridge, whose horse being disabled, was unable to make his escape. His high spirit was compelled
eral commanding having determined to give battle, the cavalry were disposed of as follows: The Second on picket on the McGaheysville road, and on General Ewell's right flank. The Sixth and Seventh were thrown across the river, protecting the baggage train. Two compapanies, Captains Myers and Chipley, disgraced themselves by running, and leaving the bridge to be burnt by the enemy. The night after the battle, I was engaged reconnoitring the road between Port Republic and Brown's Gap. Major Breckenridge, with the Second squadron, Second Virginia cavalry, was thrown on picket, on the road to Swift Run Gap, and skirmished with the enemy (Shields's command) until the battle commenced the next morning by the infantry, the Second regiment bringing up the rear. Lieutenant Thomas Mullen, company E, was left on the other side of the bridge watching the enemy, which was burnt before he could cross, and in attempting to swim the river he was drowned. We were not engaged in the fight until aft
ns and Lieutenants were among the prisoners. The further details of this fight will be found in the accompanying reports of Brigadier-General Robertson and Colonel T. T. Munford. The latter, as well as his Lieutenant-Colonel, J. W. Watts, Major Breckenridge, and Lieutenants Kelso and Walton, were wounded in the action, conspicuously displaying great gallantry and heroism. The Second Virginia cavalry suffered most. Nothing could have equalled the splendor with which Robertson's regiments swepaptain J. Hardeman Stuart, signal officer,10    648 Names of Officers killed. Captain J. Hardeman Stuart, signal corps, cavalry division. List of Officers severely wounded. Lieutenant-Colonel Watts, Second Virginia cavalry. Major Breckenridge,SecondVirginiacavalry. Lieutenant Kelso,do.do.do. Lieutenant Walton,do.do.do. List of the Killed, Wounded, and Missing of the Stuart Horse Artillery, in the Engagements preceding the Battle of Groveton Heights:  Killed.Wounded. 2
ted. The bill was then passed — yeas, thirty-five; nays, four. Breckenridge and Powell, of Kentucky, and Johnson and Polk, of Missouri, voti The amendment was agreed to — yeas, thirty-three; nays, four. Mr. Breckenridge moved to add to Mr. Sherman's amendment, the words, but the ar at the bar of the Senate, and be on trial under impeachment. Mr. Breckenridge and Mr. Bayard expressed a desire to speak on the resolution, of Mr. Wilson, postponed till the next day. On the sixteenth, Mr. Breckenridge addressed the Senate in opposition to the passage of the resolauthority and direction of the Congress of the United States. Mr. Breckenridge said that the amendment sounded like the joint resolution to rthority and direction of the Congress of the United States. Mr. Breckenridge called for the yeas and nays, and they were ordered; and beingWilkinson, Wiley, Wilmot, and Wilson--thirty-seven. Nays--Messrs. Breckenridge, Bright, Kennedy, Pearce, and Powell--five. So the amendmen
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