truggle, but that there was any serious contest at all. With all this, there is strong ground for belief that insurrection gained its ends at last only through chicane, deceit, and fraud.
Not a single Cotton State but Texas dared to submit its Ordinance of Secession to a direct vote of the people.
The struggle assumed its most determined phase in Georgia.
She was the Empire State of the South, and, therefore, indispensable to the conspiracy, in which distinguished citizens of hers-Governor Brown, Secretary Cobb, Senators Toombs and Iverson, and others — were conspicuous ringleaders.
The more rabid fire-eaters desired that the Legislature should at once pass an act of secession; Stephens and other conservatives opposed this course.
The Legislature were not elected for such a purpose, said he. They came here to do their duty as legislators.
They have sworn to support the Constitution of the United States.
They did not come here to disrupt this government.
I am, therefore, for
onfederacy--a result to be obtained only by separate State secession — that the primary object of each slaveholding State ought to be its speedy and absolute separation from a Union with hostile States.
(Signed by: Representatives Pugh, Clopton, Moore, Curry, and Stallworth, of Alabama; Senator Iverson and Representatives Underwood, Gartrell, Jackson, Jones, and Crawford, of Georgia; Representative Hawkins of Florida; Represent- ative Hindman, of Arkansas; Senators Jefferson Davis and A. G. Brown, and Representatives Barksdale, Singleton, and Reuben Davis, of Mississippi; Representatives Craige and Ruffin, of North Carolina; Senators Slidell and Benjamin, and Representative Landrum, of Louisiana; Senators Wigfall and Hemphill, and Representative Reagan, of Texas; Representatives Bon- ham, Miles, McQueen, and Ashmore, of South Carolina.) It was a brief document, but pregnant with all the essential purposes of the conspiracy.
It was signed by about one-half the Senators and Repres