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f Kentucky he commanded one of the three divisions. When Grant advanced from Cairo, Johnston intrusted the defense of Fort Donelson to Generals Floyd, Pillow and Buckner, Floyd taking general command by virtue of seniority. He withstood an assault by both the land and naval forces of the enemy on February 13th and 14th, and on tath of retreat through the investing lines. A fierce and stubborn battle followed, in which Pillow was successful in gaining possession of the Charlotte road and Buckner was equally successful on the Wynn's Ferry road. Floyd then started for the right of his command to see that all was secure there, his intention being to hold th the generals were united that resistance was useless against the great investing force, but both Pillow and Floyd declared that they would not surrender, and General Buckner assumed that responsibility. Forrest took out his cavalry through the submerged river road, and General Floyd, with a large part of his brigade, embarked on
bsequently served with his division in North Carolina in defense of the Weldon railroad, until May, 1863, when he was promoted majorgen-eral and given charge of the district including the Appomattox and Blackwater. He was in command at Richmond until July of that year, when he was for some time disabled by illness. In October, 1863, he took command in east Tennessee and drove the Federals as far south as Knoxville, and remained in that department in command of cavalry under Longstreet and Buckner, until April, 1864, when he was ordered to Richmond, with the intention of assigning him to command of the TransMissis-sippi department. But the condition at the Confederate capital compelled his retention there, where he met Butler's operations at Bermuda Hundred and Sheridan's and Kautz's raids with the handful of men at his disposal. He commanded Beauregard's left wing at the battle of Drewry's Bluff, May 16th, and gallantly stormed the enemy's breastworks, playing a prominent part in
st Virginia to guard the salt works, and from that point to join the army soon to be concentrated at Chickamauga. After the brilliant victory at Chickamauga, in which they won distinction, they engaged in the siege of Chattanooga and then became identified with the record of Finley's brigade. Col. R. C. Trigg's brigade, consisting of the First Florida dismounted cavalry, Sixth and Seventh infantry and one Virginia regiment, and forming part of the division of Brig.-Gen. William Preston, Buckner's corps, crossed the Chickamauga river at early dawn, September 19, 1863, and formed line of battle near Hunt's house on the prolongation of Brigadier-General Bate's line. While occupying this position the enemy threw shot and shell into the lines from a battery on the right. In this engagement the Sixth lost 1 lieutenant, 1 sergeant and 1 private killed, and 2 privates wounded. The brigade being under heavy fire moved forward to get under cover of the opposite hills, then reformed under
cupied by the command of Prentiss on the memorable first day at Shiloh, thus becoming an important factor in the capture of that fine body of Union troops. Under Beauregard he held the important post of inspector of artillery. He was sent with Hindman to Arkansas; was his chief of artillery, and as such participated in the battle of Prairie Grove. On September 12, 1862, he was promoted to brigadier-general; and in April, 1863, he was ordered to Mobile, Ala., as chief of artillery for General Buckner. At Vicksburg he commanded a Louisiana brigade and was captured upon the fall of that city. After being exchanged he served as chief of artillery to Joseph E. Johnston and gained the hearty commendation of his commander and the esteem of the soldiers. It was in a great measure due to his skillful management of the artillery that not a gun was lost in the several retreats of the army of Tennessee from Dalton to Atlanta in 1864. The works at the Chattahoochee, which Sherman declared w
Capt. Calvin D. Cowles , 23d U. S. Infantry, Major George B. Davis , U. S. Army, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph W. Kirkley, The Official Military Atlas of the Civil War, Authorities. (search)
ions in Georgia, May 5-Sept. 4, 1864 88, 2 Brooks, Thomas B.: Bermuda Hundred, Va., June, 1864 65, 1 Morris Island, S. C., July 10-Sept. 7, 1863 38, 2; 44, 1, 2, 4 Brown, G.: Richmond, Va., and vicinity, 1864-65 77, 1 Brown, Harvey: Pickens Fort, Fla., May 27, 1861 5, 6 Brown, S. Howell Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3, 1863 43, 1 Maryland Campaign, Sept. 3-20, 1862 29, 1 Browne, O. L.F.: Goldsborough, N. C., to Washington, D. C 86, 8-16 Buckner, Simon B.: Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19-20, 1863 111, 9 Buell, Don Carlos: Army of the Cumberland, campaigns 24, 3 Corinth, Miss., April 29-June 10, 1862 14, 3 Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., April 6-7, 1862 13, 1 Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7, 1861 13, 1 Somerset, Ky., vicinity, 1861 9, 2 Bull, Asst. Surg. (C): Spanish Fort, Ala., March 27-April 8, 1865 90, 11 Burchard, W.: Chancellorsville Campaign, April 27-May 6, 1863 39, 3 Spotsylvania Cou
, and social opinion or position united in these acclamations. Amid them all he preserved the same quiet demeanor, the same simplicity of speech, the same unobtrusive modesty for which he had hitherto been known; and, while he accepted and appreciated the plaudits of the nation, he made haste to escape from the parade and the celebration to the society of his intimates or the retirement of his home. When the war was over, Grant had fought and beaten every important rebel soldier in turn: Buckner at Donelson, Beauregard at Shiloh, Pemberton and Johnston at Vicksburg, Bragg at Chattanooga, Lee in Virginia, and all of them altogether in the last year of the rebellion. From Belmont, the initial battle of his career, he had never been driven from the field, and had never receded a step in any of his campaigns, except at Holly Springs, and then the rebels were in retreat before him, and Grant, unable to follow fast enough to overtake them, withdrew, only to advance on another line. He
alley of Virginia, 417; in Early's campaign, 431, 432; in East Tennessee, III., 191; rebel Secretary of War, 395; prepares for evacuation of Richmond, 398; interview with Sherman after fall of Richmond, 629. Breese Lieutenant-commander, before Fort Fisher, III., 338. British government, sympathy for rebels of, III., 139, 348. British industries and contraband commerce, III., 224. Brown's ferry, W. F. Smith's expedition against, i., 447. Bruinsburg, Grant lands at, i., 200. Buckner, General S. B., at Fort Donelson, i., 47; Grant's message to, 49 surrender of Fort Donelson, 49. Buell, General D. C., in command of department of the Ohio, i., 34; ordered to reinforce Grant, 34; slow movements of, 68; at Shiloh, 82, 86, 88, 89; at Corinth, 105; dispatched after Beauregard, 105; opposes Bragg in Tennessee, 110; outmanoeuvred by Bragg, 431; is relieved, 431; refuses a command, II., 2; dismissed from volunteer army, 52. Burksville, Lee's flight to, III., 531, 537; mano
cil, not only in composition, but even in communicating with his family and friends. This was doubtless a hardship at the moment, but was fortunate in the end for his fame; for the sentences jotted down from time to time were preserved exactly as they were written, and many of them are significant. They especially indicate his recognition of the magnanimous sympathy offered him by Southerners. This recognition was manifest in a score of instances. He was visited at Mount McGregor by General Buckner, the Confederate commander who had surrendered to him at Fort Donelson, and he declared to his former enemy, I have witnessed since my sickness just what I wished to see ever since the war—harmony and good feeling between the sections. To Dr. Douglas he expressed the same sentiment in nearly the same words: I am thankful for the providential extension of my time, because it has enabled me to see for myself the happy harmony which so suddenly sprung up between those engaged but a few sh
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 13. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Battle of Chickamauga. (search)
ome loss. My position was on Hood's left and Buckner's right, near the centre of the left wing of rear, and sent to General Longstreet and General Buckner for reinforcements. At the same time, betes after four, Brigadier-General Preston, of Buckner's corps, in answer to my application for help division, constituting at the time a part of Buckner's corps, with the exception of Johnson's brigth, within a mile or less of the ford, Major-General Buckner directed me to occupy the high ground the stream above and was then on my left, General Buckner directed me to move forward and form on tree-inch rifled guns) was sent forward by General Buckner's orders, as I was informed, and opened f subsequent change, made also by order of General Buckner, moved us a space equal to brigade front s a few hundred yards in front of us, and General Buckner coming up, I understood it to be his wishordon's mill, while Major-Generals Walker and Buckner, crossing at Alexander's bridge and Tedford's[2 more...]
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 19. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.58 (search)
inia, Sic Semper Tyrannis. General John B. Floyd passed us, looking sternly to the front. Generals Buckner and Bushrod Johnson simply touched their caps to our flag. Then came General Gideon J. Pilnor. The effect was electrical, and inspired the Virginians with renewed hopes and courage. Buckner beloved. But all the officers and men centered their confidence in Buckner. He had drilled Buckner. He had drilled our brigade the Sunday evening before at Russellville, Ky., and all knew him. He looked every inch a typical military man and leader. The result showed their confidence was not misplaced. Floyd and Pillow turned over the command to Buckner and escaped in safety. Buckner stood by his men and surrendered with them. Prediction verified. On the evening of the first day after fighting commenBuckner stood by his men and surrendered with them. Prediction verified. On the evening of the first day after fighting commenced, the Confederates took as prisoner a captain of an Indiana company. He was brought to my camp under guard, and while sitting before the camp-fire at night I asked him who commanded the Federal A
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